Penggunaan Minyak Sawit Merah untuk Pembuatan Lemak Bubuk Kaya β-Karoten Melalui Proses Pendinginan Semprot

https://doi.org/10.22146/agritech.9324

Juanda Reputra(1*), Purwiyatno Haryadi(2), Nuri Andarwulan(3)

(1) Departemen IImu dan Teknologi Pangan, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Jl. Raya Darmaga, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
(2) Departemen IImu dan Teknologi Pangan, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Jl. Raya Darmaga, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
(3) Departemen IImu dan Teknologi Pangan, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Jl. Raya Darmaga, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor 16680
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Beta-carotene-rich fat powder was prepared from the mixture of red palm oil/RPO (olein and stearin) and fully hydrogenated palm oil/FHPO by using spray chilling process. Effects of composition of fats used on fat powder flowability, were studied. Our research showed that spray chilling process may be used to produced β -carotene rich-fat powder. Our result also indicated that the use of higher composition of RPO to increase β-carotene content of fat powder tend to reduce the flowability of the resulting fat powder. The maximum ratio of RPO/FHPO used to produce free flowing fat powder was 50% (formula of F50) with β-carotene content of 167.71 ppm. Our research also showed that the melting point of molten mixture fat used was significantly correlated with flowability of the resulting fat powder. The higher melting point of molten fat, the lower the angle of repose or the better flowability of fat powder produced.

ABSTRAK

Lemak bubuk kaya β-karoten telah dibuat dengan menggunakan campuran minyak sawit merah (MSM) fraksi olein dan stearin, serta minyak sawit terhidrogenasi penuh (FHPO) melalui proses pendinginan semprot. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk melihat pengaruh komposisi campuran minyak tersebut terhadap karakteristik lemak bubuk yang dihasilkan, terutama sifat daya alir. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa proses pendinginan semprot bisa menghasilkan lemak bubuk kaya β -karoten. Penelitian ini juga menunjukkan bahwa peningkatan rasio MSM untuk meningkatkan kadar β-karoten akan menurunkan daya alir lemak bubuk yang dihasilkannya. Rasio maksimal MSM/FHPO yang dapat digunakan untuk menghasilkan lemak bubuk yang mudah mengalir diperoleh sebesar 50/50 (formula F50), dimana lemak bubuk tersebut mempunyai kadar β-karoten sebesar 167.71 ppm. Titik leleh bahan lemak berkorelasi kuat dengan daya alir lemak bubuk yang dihasilkan, dimana semakin tinggi titik leleh akan menghasilkan lemak bubuk dengan daya alir yang lebih baik, yang ditunjukkan dengan sudut gulir yang lebih rendah.


Keywords


Fat powder; β-carotene; spray chilling; flowability

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/agritech.9324

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Agritech (print ISSN 0216-0455; online ISSN 2527-3825) is published by Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada in colaboration with Indonesian Association of Food Technologies.


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