Potensi Limbah Cair Batik sebagai Sumber Bioenergi (Studi Kasus di UKM Batik Blimbing Malang)

https://doi.org/10.22146/agritech.54099

Nur Hidayat(1), Martasari Beti Pangestuti(2), Reny Nurul Utami(3), Sri Suhartini(4*)

(1) Jurusan Teknologi Industri Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Brawijaya, Jl. Veteran, Malang 65145
(2) Jurusan Teknologi Industri Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Brawijaya, Jl. Veteran, Malang 65145
(3) Jurusan Teknologi Industri Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Brawijaya, Jl. Veteran, Malang 65145
(4) Jurusan Teknologi Industri Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Brawijaya, Jl. Veteran, Malang 65145
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Batik merupakan salah satu produk kebanggaan bangsa Indonesia, yang umumnya diproduksi oleh usaha kecil menengah (UKM). Peningkatan permintaan batik mendorong adanya peningkatan jumlah UKM batik serta jumlah limbah cair batik yang dihasilkan. Masih banyak UKM batik yang membuang limbah cairnya langsung ke lingkungan yang berpotensi menimbulkan pencemaran pada tanah dan air. Hal ini disebabkan oleh belum adanya fasilitas pengolahan limbah yang memadai, sesuai dengan kondisi yang dialami oleh UKM Batik Blimbing Malang. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi potensi pengolahan limbah cair batik secara anaerobik untuk memproduksi biogas sebagai sumber energi terbarukan. Pada penelitian ini digunakan teknologi anaerobic digestion yang dioperasikan secara batch dengan kondisi mesofilik (37 °C) tanpa pengadukan, dikenal sebagai uji biochemical methane potential (BMP) dengan waktu pengamatan selama 28 hari. Sampel yang diuji meliputi penambahan 100% limbah cair batik dengan berbagai variasi volume. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa limbah cair batik memiliki kandungan bahan pencemar organik yang tinggi, yaitu sebesar 8.651 mg/L (BOD) dan 54.700 mg/L (COD). Hasil uji BMP juga menunjukkan rendahnya biogas yang dapat diproduksi dari limbah cair batik. Kondisi ini disebabkan oleh beberapa faktor antara lain tingginya kandungan COD, ammonia, zat pewarna beracun, dan nisbah C/N yang berpengaruh negatif terhadap pertumbuhan mikroorganisme.


Keywords


Anaerobic dgestion; limbah cair batik; bioenergi; biogas

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References

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/agritech.54099

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