Status Ketahanan Pangan dan Faktor Sosio-Ekonomi pada Masyarakat Pesisir Kabupaten Buru Selatan

https://doi.org/10.22146/agritech.37009

Christiana Titaley(1*), Ninik Ma’athia Sallatalohy(2), Felecia Petrosina Adam(3)

(1) Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Pattimura Ambon, Jl. Ir. M. Putuhena, Kampus Poka, Ambon 97233
(2) Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Pattimura Ambon, Jl. Ir. M. Putuhena, Kampus Poka, Ambon 97233
(3) Program Studi Agribisnis, Jurusan Budidaya Pertanian, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Pattimura, Jl. Ir. M. Putuhena, Kampus Poka, Ambon, 97233
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Food security was one of the global issues, especially in developing countries, including Indonesia. This study aimed to examine the status of food security and its related factors in the coastal communities in the area of Buru Selatan District, Maluku Province. This study used secondary data collected from a household health survey conducted by the Faculty of Medicine, Pattimura University in November 2017. Information is derived from 899 respondents aged 20−60 years. Food security status was measured using the US Household Food Security/Hunger Survey Module (USFSSM). Factors ranging from environmental, household and individual levels are included in the analysis. Logistic regression method was applied to determine factors associated with food security status. Of the 899 respondents interviewed, only 30% was food secured and about 70% suffered fromfood insecurity (33,7% experienced food insecurity with hunger). Respondents from Waesama Sub-district were more food secured than those from Kepala Madan Sub-district (aOR = 2,16, 95% CI: 1,33-3,52, p=0,002). Respondents from "very rich" households were three and a half times more food-secured than "very poor" households (aOR = 3,49, 95% CI: 2,13-5,73, p<0,001). In addition, those who paid for the membership of health insurance were more food secured than those who got waived payment of contributions (aOR = 1,49, 95% CI: 1,07-2,08, p=0.018); and respondents living in an ideal household density (8 m2 or more per person) were more food secured than those innot ideal condition (aOR = 1,55, 95% CI: 1,01-2,39, p=0,047). Our study showed that intersectoral collaboration is important to improve community’s food security status. Long and short term interventions aimed at reducing poverty and providing subsidized foods, including fortified ones, to the those in need accompanied by educational programs to improve community knowledge about various alternative of local food are essential.

Keywords


Associated factors; Buru Selatan District; coastal community; food security; Maluku

Full Text:

PDF


References

Abdullah, Zhou, D., Shah, T., Ali, S., Ahmad, W., Din, I. U., Ilyas, A. (2017). Factors affecting household food security in rural northern hinterland of Pakistan. Journal of the Saudi Society of Agricultural Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jssas.2017.05.003

Adam, F. P. (2011). Penduduk dan ketahanan pangan di pulau kecil: kontribusi faktor yang mempengaruhinya. Pengembangan Pulau-pulau Kecil.

Anonim. (2012). Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia No 18 Tahun 2012 tentang Pangan.

Anonim. (2017). Global Food Security Index: Indonesia. Retrieved from http://foodsecurityindex.eiu.com/Country/Details - Indonesia.

Badan Pusat Statistik. (2018). Persentase Penduduk Miskin di Provinsi Maluku Menurut Kabupaten/Kota, 2005  ̶ 2017. Retrieved from https://maluku.bps.go.id/dynamictable/2018/01/11/62/persentase-penduduk-miskin-di-provinsi-maluku-menurut-kabupaten-kota-2005---2017.html.

Bartfeld, J. S., & Ahn, H. M. (2011). The school breakfast program strengthens household food security among low-income households with elementary school children. J Nutr, 141(3), 470-475. https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.110.130823.

Berkowitz, S. A., Baggett, T. P., Wexler, D. J., Huskey, K. W., & Wee, C. C. (2013). Food insecurity and metabolic control among U.S. adults with diabetes. Diabetes Care, 36(10), 3093-3099. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc13-0570.

Bickel, G., Nord, M., Price, C., Hamilton, W., & Cook, J. (2000). Guide to Measuring Household Food Security (U. S. D. o. Agriculture Ed.). Alexandria, USA: United States Department of Agriculture.

Black, M. M. (2012). Integrated strategies needed to prevent iron deficiency and to promote early child development. J Trace Elem Med Biol, 26(2-3), 120-123. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtemb.2012.04.020.

Blue Bird Jernigan, V., Wetherill, M. S., Hearod, J., Jacob, T., Salvatore, A. L., Cannady, T., dkk. (2017). Food insecurity and chronic diseases among american indians in rural oklahoma: the thrive study. Am J Public Health, 107(3), 441-446. https://doi.org/10.2105/ajph.2016.303605.

Dewan Ketahanan Pangan - Kementerian Pertanian, & World Food Programme (WFP). (2015). Peta Ketahanan dan Kerentanan Pangan Indonesia 2015. Jakarta: Dewan Ketahanan Pangan - Kementerian Pertanian dan World Food Programme (WFP).

Dinas Ketahanan Pangan Provinsi Maluku. (2017). Peta Ketahanan Dan Kerentanan Pangan Provinsi Maluku 2017. Ambon: Dinas Ketahanan Pangan Provinsi Maluku.

Dubois, L., Francis, D., Burnier, D., Tatone-Tokuda, F., Girard, M., Gordon-Strachan, G., dkk. (2011). Household food insecurity and childhood overweight in Jamaica and Quebec: a gender-based analysis. BMC Public Health, 11, 199. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-11-199.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. (2013). The state of food insecurity in the world: the mutliple dimension of food security. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. (2017). The state of food and agriculture: leveraging food systems for inclusive rural transformation. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Garner, A. S., & Shonkoff, J. P. (2012). Early childhood adversity, toxic stress, and the role of the pediatrician: translating developmental science into lifelong health. Pediatrics, 129(1), e224-231. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2011-2662.

Gundersen, C., Lohman, B. J., Eisenmann, J. C., Garasky, S., & Stewart, S. D. (2008). Child-specific food insecurity and overweight are not associated in a sample of 10- to 15-year-old low-income youth. J Nutr, 138(2), 371-378.  

Ke, J., & Ford-Jones, E. L. (2015). Food insecurity and hunger: A review of the effects on children’s health and behaviour. Paediatrics & Child Health, 20(2), 89-91. https://doi.org/10.1093/pch/20.2.89

Mannaf, M. & Uddin Md. Taj. (2012). Socioeconomic factors influencing food security status of maize growing households in selected areas of Bogra District.  Bangladesh J. Agric. Econs., XXXV,(1&2), 177‐187.

McIntyre, L., Williams, J. V., Lavorato, D. H., & Patten, S. (2013). Depression and suicide ideation in late adolescence and early adulthood are an outcome of child hunger. J Affect Disord, 150(1), 123-129. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2012.11.029.

McLaughlin, K. A., Green, J. G., Alegria, M., Jane Costello, E., Gruber, M. J., Sampson, N. A., dkk. (2012). Food insecurity and mental disorders in a national sample of U.S. adolescents. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry, 51(12), 1293-1303. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2012.09.009.

Mutisya, M., Kandala, N.-b., Ngware, M. W., & Kabiru, C. W. (2015). Household food (in)security and nutritional status of urban poor children aged 6 to 23 months in Kenya. BMC Public Health, 15, 1052. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-2403-0.

Roustit, C., Hamelin, A. M., Grillo, F., Martin, J., & Chauvin, P. (2010). Food insecurity: could school food supplementation help break cycles of intergenerational transmission of social inequalities? Pediatrics, 126(6), 1174-1181. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2009-3574.

Seligman, H. K., Bindman, A. B., Vittinghoff, E., Kanaya, A. M., & Kushel, M. B. (2007). Food Insecurity is Associated with Diabetes Mellitus: Results from the National Health Examination and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999–2002. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 22(7), 1018-1023. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11606-007-0192-6.

Seligman, H. K., Laraia, B. A., & Kushel, M. B. (2010). Food Insecurity Is Associated with Chronic Disease among Low-Income NHANES Participants. The Journal of Nutrition, 140(2), 304-310. https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.109.112573.

United Nations. (2015). Sustainable Development Goals. Retrieved from https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/?menu=1300.

Upadhyay, R. P., & Palanivel, C. (2011). Challenges in Achieving Food Security in India. Iranian Journal of Public Health, 40(4), 31-36.

Usfar AA, Fahmida U, & Februhartanty J. (2007). Household food security status measured by the US-Household Food Security/Hunger Survey Module (US-FSSM) is in line with coping strategy indicators found in urban and rural Indonesia. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 16(2), 368-374.

Wambua, B. N., Omoke, K. J., & Mutua, T. M. (2014). Effects of Socio-Economic Factors on Food Security Situation in Kenyan Dry lands Ecosystem. Asian Journal of Agricultural and Food Sciences, 2(1).

World Health Organization: Department of Immunization, V. a. B. (2008). Training for mid-level managers (MLM). Module 7: The EPI Coverage Survey.   Retrieved from http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/70184/7/WHO_IVB_08.07_eng.pdf.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/agritech.37009

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 484 | views : 466

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2020 Agritech

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

agriTECH has been Indexed by:


agriTECH (print ISSN 0216-0455; online ISSN 2527-3825) is published by Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada in colaboration with Indonesian Association of Food Technologies.


website statisticsView My Stats