Penggunaan Bahan Pengisi dalam Perbaikan Sifat Fisikokimia dan Organoleptik Dodol Buah Merah (Pandanus conoideus L) Sebagai Sumber β-Karoten

https://doi.org/10.22146/agritech.9721

Murtiningrum Murtiningrum(1*), Gino N. Cepeda(2)

(1) Jurusan Teknologi Pertanian, Fakultas Pertanian dan Teknologi Pertanian Universitas Negeri Papua (UNIPA), Jl. Gunung Salju Amban Manokwari, Papua Barat
(2) Jurusan Teknologi Pertanian, Fakultas Pertanian dan Teknologi Pertanian Universitas Negeri Papua (UNIPA), Jl. Gunung Salju Amban Manokwari, Papua Barat
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The main problem in preparation of redfruit dodol is the soft texture of dodol. In the research, preparation of red fruit dodol was done by adding different flours (wheat, rice and tapioca) to the total weight of glutinous flour and redfruit paste, as much as 15 % by weight. The preferences of panelists and physicochemical properties tests were done on the redfruit dodol product. The result indicated that the best formulation was the red fruit dodol with tapioca. The panelist preference scores of colour, flavor, odor and texture of the best dodol formulation were fairly like (5.40), fairly like (5.05), like (6.05) and fairly like (5.70) respectively. The physical properties of dodol including hardness, sticky and elasticity level were 951.43 gf, 216.68 gf and 0.35 % respectively. The dodol contained moisture 37.86 %, total solid62.14 with water availibility (a ) 0.83 and β-carotene 1.02 ppm.

ABSTRAK

Permasalahan utama dalam pembuatan dodol buah merah, yaitu teksturnya lembek dan lunak. Pada penelitian ini dilakukan penambahan jenis tepung yang berbeda, yaitu tepung terigu, beras dan tapioka sebanyak 15 % (b/b) dari berat tepung ketan dan pasta buah merah. Dodol yang dihasilkan dilakukan pengamatan sifat fisikokimia dan ting- kat penerimaan panelis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dodol formula terbaik berdasarkan sifat organoleptik dan fisikokimia adalah dodol dengan penambahan tapioka. Dodol tersebut memiliki sifat organoleptik dengan skor kesukaan warna agak suka (5,40), rasa agak suka (5,05), aroma suka (6,05) dan tekstur agak suka (5,70), sifat fisik kekerasan dan kelengketan masing-masing 951,43 dan 216,68 gf, serta kekenyalan 0,35 %,  juga memiliki sifat kimiadengan mengandung air dan total padatan masing-masing 37,86 % dan 62,14 % dengan tingkat ketersediaan air (a )0,83 dan kandungan β-karoten 1,02 ppm.


Keywords


Red fruit (Pandanus conoideus L.); dodol; β-carotenoid

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/agritech.9721

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Agritech (print ISSN 0216-0455; online ISSN 2527-3825) is published by Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada in colaboration with Indonesian Association of Food Technologies.


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