Sintesis Ester Sorbitol Oleat Menggunakan Lipase dari Getah Pepaya, Candida rugosa dan Rhizopus arrhizus (

https://doi.org/10.22146/agritech.9591

Suhardi Suhardi(1*), Tranggono Tranggono(2), Pudji Hastuti(3), M. Muchalal(4)

(1) Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(3) Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(4) Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The ability of  lipase from Carica papaya latex, Candida rugosa and Rhizopus arrhizus to catalyze esterification of sorbitol and oleic acid to produce Sorbitol Oleat Esters (SOE) was investigated in this study. Response Surface Methodology (RSM) was employed to evaluate the effects of temperature (x1 =40-50oC), reaction time (x2=24-72 hours), concentration of enzyme (x3=25-75 units),  on percentage molar conversion as well as to determine the optimum condition of this reaction in term of this factors. Based on RSM analysis using  lipase from Carica papaya latex, the optimum synthesis conditions that giving 58.31% molar conversion, were : temperature of 45.15oC, reaction time  51.73  hours, concentration of enzyme 37 units. Using lipase from Candida rugosa , the optimum synthesis conditions that giving 59.49 % molar conversion, were : temperature of 45.08oC, reaction time  53.42 hours, concentration of enzyme 75 units.  Using lipase from Rhizopus arrhizus, the optimum synthesis conditions that giving 61.89 % molar conversion, were : temperature of 45.01oC, reaction time  61.68 hours, concentration of enzyme 66 units.  The characteristics of SOE products using lipase from Carica papaya latex and Rhizopus arrhizus were degree of esterification (DE) 1 and (DE) 2,  hydrophilic lypophilic balance 7.5-8.0, and surface tension  34.8-35.1 dyne/cm. SOE products using lipase from Candida rugosa were DE 1, DE 2, and DE 3, hydrophilic lypophilic balance 3-6, and surface tension  31.18-31.83 dyne/cm. and capable to maintain emulsion of water in oil.


Keywords


Sorbitol oleate esters; esterification; lipase from Carica papaya latex; Candida rugosa; Rhizopus arrhizus

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/agritech.9591

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agriTECH (print ISSN 0216-0455; online ISSN 2527-3825) is published by Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada in colaboration with Indonesian Association of Food Technologies.


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