Productivity Improvement Based on Lean and Green Productivity in Herbal Tea Production Line CV. DM

https://doi.org/10.22146/agritech.71901

Dana Damayanti(1), Suharno Suharno(2), Makhmudun Ainuri(3*)

(1) Department of Agro-industrial Techology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jl. Flora No. 1, Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta 55281
(2) Department of Agro-industrial Techology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jl. Flora No. 1, Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta 55281
(3) Department of Agro-industrial Techology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jl. Flora No. 1, Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Herbal tea is a functional beverage with significant health benefits, produced from processed plants, namely Chinese teak (Cassia angustifolia Vahl) and soursop leaves (Annona muricata L). However, herbal industry faces a productivity problem due to the production process time caused by human factors, machines, and raw materials. Productivity can also be affected by non-value-adding activities in the production processes, such as unnecessary inventory and overproduction. Fossil energy used by industry to generate electricity contributes to the production of solid waste, posing a long-term environmental risk. To address this problem, Objective Matrix (OMAX) is needed to measure the industry production rate, where all non-value-adding activities are reduced in lean and green productivity. The concept of lean and green productivity facilitates the identification of all activities to determine the locus of the highest waste, material, or energy usage. Therefore, this research aimed to propose alternative improvements for enhanced productivity by assessing production rates and identifying generated waste, energy consumption, and emissions. The results show that herbal industry had low productivity, 0.4, on a scale of 1. To improve efficiency, recommendations for lean aspect were based on forecast demand and workload. This improvement was projected to raise Process Cycle Efficiency (PCE) ore from 7.97% to 9.05% and reduce solid waste by maintaining and repairing filling machines. Green aspect could be improved by turning off idle facilities and machines, thereby minimizing electricity energy usage to 43.37%.


Keywords


Herbal tea; lean and green; objective matrix; productivity

Full Text:

PDF


References

Ball, Peter. 2015. Low Energy Production Impact on Lean Flow. Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management. Vol 26(3), pp 412-428.

Buxton, R.F., and MacCarthy, B., 2005, “State of the Art Review of Value Chain Mapping Techniques Relevant to the Aerospace Industry”, Vivace Consortium 2.1.

Chen, Joseph, C., Ye, Li., and Brett, D, S. 2010. From Value Stream Mapping Toward a Lean/Sigma Continous Improvement Process: an Industrial Case Study. International Journal of Production Research. Vol. 48(4), pp 1069-1086.

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). 2008. Compilation of Air Pollutant Emission Factors. EPA. Ohio.

Duranik, T., Stopper, M., and Ruzbarsky, J, 2011. Applying Value Stream Mapping to Identify Hidden Reserves and Avoid Bottlenecks. Journal Annals of DAAAM for 2011 & Proceedings of the 22nd International DAAAM Symposium, Vol 22(1), pp 969-970.

Firozabadi, Shila, Sadat, Fatemi. 2015. An Application of Sustainable Lean and Green Strategy with a Six Sigma Approach on a Manufacturing System. Thesis. Industrial Engineering. University of Toledo.

Hermawan, G, P., dan Hendrawan, L. 2013. Ekstraksi Daun Sirsak (Annona Muricata L) Menggunakan Pelarut Etanol. Jurnal Teknologi Kimia dan Industri, Vol 2(2), pp 111-115.

Gaspersz, Vincent. 2007. Lean Six Sigma For Manufacturing and Service Industries : Strategi Dramatik Reduksi Cacat/Kesalahan, Biaya, Inventori, dan Lead Time dalam Waktu Kurang dari 6 Bulan. Jakarta : PT Gramedia.

Goriwondo, W, M., Samson, M., and Alphonce, M. 2011. Use Of The Value Stream Mapping Tool For Waste Reduction in Manufacturing Case Study Bread Manufacturing in Zimbabwe. Proceedings of the 2011 International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management.

Hamidah, N, H., Panji, D dan Retno, A. 2013. Analisis Produktivitas Menggunakan Metode Objective Matrix (OMAX): Studi Kasus Pada Bagian Produksi Sari Roti PT NIPPON INDOSARI CORPINDO, TBK PASURUAN. Jurnal Teknologi Pertanian. Vol 14(3), pp 215-222.

Hines, Peter. 2012. Lean & Green. S A Partners. United Kingdom

Hossain, Monir., and Uddin, Kamal. 2015. An Approach to Improve the Process Cycle Efficiency and Reduce the Lead Time of A Mango Juice Processing Line by Using Lean Tools: A Case Study. International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research. Vol 6(1), pp 1442-1452.

Houti, Mariam., Laila, El, A., Abdellah, A. 2016. Lean ERP: a Hybrid Approach Push/Pull. National School of Applied Sciences. Kenitra Ibn Tofail University. Kenitra. Morocco.

International Energy Agency. 2005. Energy Statistics Manual. France: IEA.

Lowe, Juliette, P., and Joanne, Zaida, Taylor. 2013. Barriers to HACCP amongst UK Farmers and Growers: an in-depth qualitative study. British Food Journal. Vol 115(2), pp 262-278.

Marimin., Machfud., Muh, A, D., Martini, S., Dede, R., Bangkit, W., Muh, Panji, I., Wibisono, A. 2015. Teknik dan Aplikasi Produktivitas Hijau (Green Productivity) pada Agroindustri. Bogor: PT. Penerbit IPB Press.

Mayatra, M, N, D., Chauhan, Parthiv, T., and M.N Qureshi. 2016. Implementation of Value Stream Mapping Methodology in Bearing Industry. International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovation in Technology. Vol 2(3), pp 1-9.

Nugroho, Aditya., Makhmudun, Ainuri., dan Nafis, Kurniyati. 2015. Reduksi Pemborosan untuk Perbaikan Value Stream Produksi ”Mi Lethek” Menggunakan Pendekatan Lean Manufacturing. Jurnal Agritech. Vol 35(2), pp 205-211.

Prashar, Anupama. 2014. Adoption of Six Sigma DMAIC to Reduce Cost of Poor Quality. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management. Vol 63(1), pp 103-126.

Pujotomo, Darminto., dan Rama, Kartha, S. 2007. Analisa Sistem Perawatan Komponen Bearing Bottom Roller dan V Belt Mesin Ring Frame RY-5 Pada Departemen Spinning II A (di PT DANLIRIS SURAKARTA). Jurnal Teknik Industri. Vol 2(2), pp 40-48.

Supartono, W. 2002. Life Cycle Assessment Untuk Produk Ikan Laut di Kabupaten Gunung Kidul. Jurnal Ilmiah Agritech. Vol 22(2), pp 71-73.

Supartono, Wahyu, Widha, S, U., and Darmawan, Ari, N. 2016. Proposed Implementation of Life Cycle Assessment (ISO 14040) on Spiced Boneless Milkfish (Chanos chanos) Production. KnE Life Sciences. ICoA Conference Proceedings. Vol 3, pp 17-20.

Ulrich, Karl, T., dan Steven, D, Eppinger. 2001. Perencangan dan Pengembangan Produk. Jakarta: Penerbit Salemba Teknika. Diterjemahkan Nora Azmi dan Iveline Ane Marie.

Vinodh, S., R, Ben, R., and Asokan, P. 2016. Life Cycle Assessment Integrated Value Stream Mapping Framework to Ensure Sustainable Manufacturing, a case study. Clean Tech Environ Policy. Springer. Vol 18, pp 279-29



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/agritech.71901

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 391 | views : 433

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2024 Makhmudun Ainuri

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

agriTECH has been Indexed by:


agriTECH (print ISSN 0216-0455; online ISSN 2527-3825) is published by Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada in colaboration with Indonesian Association of Food Technologies.


website statisticsView My Stats