Low Budget Respirometer Chamber Design Based on Wireless Sensor Network


Cahyo Mustiko Okta Muvianto(1*), Kurniawan Yuniarto(2), Anang Lastriyanto(3), Lalu Arioki Setiadi(4)

(1) Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Mataram, Jl. Majapahit No 62, Mataram, Nusa Tenggara Barat 83125
(2) Indonesia Department of Agricultural Engineering, University of Mataram, Jl. Majapahit No 62, Mataram, Nusa Tenggara Barat 83125
(3) Department of Agricultural Engineering, Brawijaya University, Jl. Veteran, Malang, Jawa Timur 65145
(4) Department of Electrical Engineering, University of Mataram, Jl. Majapahit No 62, Mataram, Nusa Tenggara Barat 83125
(*) Corresponding Author


Fresh fruit respiration information is essential optimizing food storage systems. Meanwhile, respiration is defined as the process of oxygen production and carbon dioxide release during storage in a closed respiratory chamber. Therefore, this study aims to design a low-budget computerized respiratory chamber for enhancing fruit packaging and storage system. Real-time fruit respiration can be measured by applying wireless gas sensors network. The respirometer consisted of 3,600 mL glass jar with a screw stainless lid, while the electrochemical and non-dispersive infrared sensors were mounted on the cover of the glass jar for collecting data on the oxygen, carbon dioxide, and temperature during mangoes’ respiration. Arduino USB port was used to record all measured parameters consisting of oxygen (%) and carbon dioxide concentrations (ppm, as well as temperature in the respiration chamber. Additionally, a controlled cooling chamber was applied to maintain the temperature during storage, while data communication was supported by Xbee S2C based on radio frequency. According to the respirometer real-time reading, there was a decrease in oxygen concentration caused by increasing carbon dioxide release with temperature. The low-budget respirometer was used to measure the respiration rate and record the data through a wireless sensor network system. The data plot shows that the respiration rate increased as the storage temperature and the respiratory quotient ranged from 0.32-0.44.


Fruit; real-time; respirometer chamber; storage; wireless sensor network

Full Text:



Agudelo, Camilo, and Caludia Restrepo. 2016. “Respiration Kinetic of Mango (Mangifera Indica L.) as Function of Storage Temperature.” Revista Facultad Nacional de Agronomia 69(12):7985–95.

Barbosa, Neves, Bruno Augusto, Mattar Carciofi, Cristiano Édio Dannenhauer, and Alcilene Rodrigues Monteiro. 2011. “Influence of Temperature on the Respiration Rate of Minimally Processed Organic Carrots ( Daucus Carota L . Cv . Brasília ).” Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos 2009(003836):78–85.

Belay, Zinash A., Oluwafemi J. Caleb, and Umezuruike Linus. 2016. “Modelling Approaches for Designing and Evaluating the Performance of Modi Fi Ed Atmosphere Packaging ( MAP ) Systems for Fresh Produce : A Review.” Food Packaging and Shelf Life 10:1–15.

Bhande, S. D., M. R. Ravindra, and T. K. Goswami. 2008. “Respiration Rate of Banana Fruit under Aerobic Conditions at Different Storage Temperatures.” Journal of Food Engineering 87(1):116–23.

Bochtis, Dionysis D., Claus G. Sørensen, Ole Green, and Thomas Bartzanas. 2011. “A Diagnostic System for Improving Biomass Quality Based on a Sensor Network.” Sensors 11(5):4990–5004.

Caleb, Oluwafemi J., Pramod V Mahajan, Fahad Al-julanda Al-said, and Umezuruike Linus Opara. 2013. “Modified Atmosphere Packaging Technology of Fresh and Fresh-Cut Produce and the Microbial Consequences — A Review.” Food Bioprocess Technol 6:303–29.

Castellanos, Diego A., Josep P. Cerisuelo, Pilar Hernandez-muñoz, Anibal O. Herrera, and Rafael Gavara. 2016. “Modelling the Evolution of O2 and CO2 Concentrations in MAP of a Fresh Product : Application to Tomato.” Journal of Food Engineering 168:84–95.

Coronel-Reyes, Julian, Ivan Ramirez-Morales, Enrique Fernandez-Blanco, Daniel Rivero, and Alejandro Pazos. 2018. “Determination of Egg Storage Time at Room Temperature Using a Low-Cost NIR Spectrometer and Machine Learning Techniques.” Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 145(September 2017):1–10.

Devanesan, Jacinth Nithya, Alagusundaram Karuppiah, and C. V. Kavitha Abirami. 2012. “Effect of Storage Temperatures , O 2 Concentrations and Variety on Respiration of Mangoes.” Journal of Agrobiology 28(2):119–28.

Escalona, Víctor H., Bert E. Verlinden, Sabine Geysen, and Bart M. Nicolaï. 2006. “Changes in Respiration of Fresh-Cut Butterhead Lettuce under Controlled Atmospheres Using Low and Superatmospheric Oxygen Conditions with Different Carbon Dioxide Levels.” Postharvest Biology and Technology 39(1):48–55.

Fagundes, C., K. Moraes, M. B. Pérez-gago, L. Palou, M. Maraschin, and A. R. Monteiro. 2015. “Postharvest Biology and Technology Effect of Active Modi Fi Ed Atmosphere and Cold Storage on the Postharvest Quality of Cherry Tomatoes.” Postharvest Biology and Technology 109:73–81.

Fonseca, Susana C., Fernanda A. R. Oliveira, and Jeffrey K. Brecht. 2002. “Modelling Respiration Rate of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables for Modified Atmosphere Packages: A Review.” Journal of Food Engineering 52(2):99–119.

González-buesa, Jaime, and María L. Salvador. 2019. “An Arduino-Based Low Cost Device for the Measurement of the Respiration Rates of Fruits and Vegetables.” Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 162:14–20.

Green, Ole, Esmaeil S. Nadimi, Victoria Blanes-Vidal, Rasmus N. Jørgensen, Ida M. L. Dreje. Storm, and Claus G. Sørensen. 2009. “Monitoring and Modeling Temperature Variations inside Silage Stacks Using Novel Wireless Sensor Networks.” Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 69(2):149–57.

Helena Gomes, M., Randolph M. Beaudry, Domingos P. F. Almeida, and F. Xavier Malcata. 2010. “Modelling Respiration of Packaged Fresh-Cut ‘Rocha’ Pear as Affected by Oxygen Concentration and Temperature.” Journal of Food Engineering 96(1):74–79.

Iqbal, Tariq, Fernanda A. S. Rodrigues, Pramod V Mahajan, and Joe P. Kerry. 2009. “Mathematical Modeling of the Influence of Temperature and Gas Composition on the Respiration Rate of Shredded Carrots.” Journal of Food Engineering 91(2):325–32.

Lokke, Matte Marie, Helene Fast Seefeldt, Gareth Edwards, and Ole Green. 2011. “Novel Wireless Sensor System for Monitoring Oxygen, Temperature and Respiration Rate of Horticultural Crops Post Harvest.” Novel Wireless Sensor System for Monitoring Oxygen, Temperature and Respiration Rate of Horticultural Crops Post Harvest 11:8456–68.

Mathupala, Saroj P., Sam Kiousis, and Nicholas J. Szerlip. 2016. “A Lab Assembled Microcontroller-Based Sensor Module for Continuous Oxygen Measurement in Portable Hypoxia Chambers.” PLoS ONE 11(2):1–14.

Tanner, David. 2016. Impacts of Storage on Food Quality. Elsevier.

Torrieri, Elena, Silvana Cavella, and Paolo Masi. 2009. “Modelling the Respiration Rate of Fresh-Cut Annurca Apples to Develop Modified Atmosphere Packaging.” International Journal of Food Science and Technology 44(5):890–99.

Verlinden, Bert E., Francisco Art, Bart Nicola, and Francisco Art. 2007. “Respiration Rates of Fresh-Cut Bell Peppers under Supertamospheric and Low Oxygen with or without High Carbon Dioxide.” Postharvest Biology and Technology 45:81–88.

Waghmare, R. B., P. V Mahajan, and U. S. Annapure. 2013. “Postharvest Biology and Technology Modelling the Effect of Time and Temperature on Respiration Rate of Selected Fresh-Cut Produce.” Postharvest Biology and Technology 80:25–30.

Wang, Ning, Naiqian Zhang, and Maohua Wang. 2006. “Wireless Sensors in Agriculture and Food Industry - Recent Development and Future Perspective.” Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 50(1):1–14.

Willett, Martin. 2014. “Oxygen Sensing for Industrial Safety - Evolution and New Approaches.” Sensors (Switzerland) 14(4):6084–6103.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/agritech.65739

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2004 | views : 1189


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Cahyo Mustiko Okta Muvianto, Kurniawan Yuniarto, Anang Lastriyanto, Lalu Arioki Setiadi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

agriTECH has been Indexed by:

agriTECH (print ISSN 0216-0455; online ISSN 2527-3825) is published by Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada in colaboration with Indonesian Association of Food Technologies.

website statisticsView My Stats