Characterization of Extra-and Intracelullar from Proliverating Yeast during Tempeh Production

https://doi.org/10.22146/agritech.13513

Sutardi Sutardi(1*)

(1) Jurusan Teknologi Pangan dan Hasil Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Universtas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Proliferating yeast species such as Endomycopsis burtonii, Candida diddensiae and Candida iropicalis, produced both extra- and intracellular phytases during tempeh (soaking of soybean) production. The enzymes were isolated from growth media and the cultured yeast. and partially purified by acetone fractionation. Extracellular phytase activities were higher than that of the intracellular enzymes. The extra- and intracellular phytases of E. burtonii., C. diddensiae and C. iropicalis acted over a narrow pH ranging at 3.2 - 4.8 and the maximum activity at temperatures between 45° - 70°C. Estimated K„, values for extra- and intracellular phytases from yeast were within the range 0.5 - 3.1.x 10' M. The V„,„„ values were within the range 0.004 - 0.19 }mole P, liberated/min/m1 enzyme for the extra- and intracellular phytases of E. burtonii, C. diddensiae and C. iropicalis. The activation energy for hydrolysis of phytic acid by extra- and intracellular phytases of E. burtonii, C. diddensiae and C. iropicalis were calculated by,the Arrhenius equation being 7,100; 9,100; 13,00, 5,600, 7,100 and 21,700 cal/mole, respectively.

Keywords


Characterization; Endomycopsis sp.; Candida sp.; phytase; tempeh

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/agritech.13513

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Agritech (print ISSN 0216-0455; online ISSN 2527-3825) is published by Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada in colaboration with Indonesian Association of Food Technologies.


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