Screening dan Karakterisasi Pektinesterase Sebagai Enzim Potensial dalam Klarifikasi Sari Buah Jeruk Keprok Garut (Citrus nobilis var.chrysocarpa)

https://doi.org/10.22146/agritech.9326

Rohula Utami(1*), Esti Widowati(2), Arifah Rahayu(3)

(1) Program Studi Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Kentingan, Surakarta 57126
(2) Program Studi Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Kentingan, Surakarta 57126
(3) Program Studi Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Kentingan, Surakarta 57126
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The objective of this research was screening of pectinesterase (PE) producing bacteria which are potential in clarification of keprok garut citrus juice (Citrus nobilis var microcarpa) and characterization of the resulted pectinesterase (optimum pH and temperature, pH and thermal stability, KM and Vmaks). The screening result showed that enzyme of isolates AR 2, AR 4, AR 6, and KK 2 was found to be a potential enzyme for clarification of keprok garut citrus juice. Enzyme pektinesterase of isolates AR 2, AR 4, AR 6, and KK 2 had optimum pH at 8; 7.5; 8.5; and 6.5 and stable at pH 4-9, 4-9, 6-9, and 3-8. The optimum temperature enzyme of isolates AR 2 and AR 6 were 55ºC and that of AR 4 and KK 2 were 60ºC. Enzyme of isolate AR 2 was stable at 30-50ºC and inactive at 80ºC, AR 4 and KK 2 were stable at 30-60ºC and inactive at 90ºC whereas AR6 was stable at 30-60ºC and still wasn’t inactive at 90ºC. KM value of isolates AR 2, AR 4, AR 6, and KK 2 were 0.604; 0.338; 0.971; and 0.392 mg/ml. Vmaks value of isolates AR 2, AR 4, AR 6, and KK 2 were 1.218; 0.826; 0.969; and 1.080 u/ml. Pectinesterase enzyme of isolates KK 2 was found to be the most potential enzyme for clarification of keprok garut citrus juice.

ABSTRAK

Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk melakukan screening bakteri penghasil enzim pektinesterase (PE) yang berpotensi dalam proses klarifikasi sari buah jeruk keprok garut (Citrus nobilis var microcarpa) serta mengetahui karakteristik enzim pektinesterase yang dihasilkan (pH optimum, suhu optimum, kestabilan pH dan suhu, serta nilai KM dan Vmaks). Hasil screening didapatkan isolat AR 2, AR 4, AR 6, dan KK 2 sebagai isolat penghasil enzim pektinesterase yang berpotensi dalam proses klarifikasi sari buah jeruk keprok garut. Aktivitas enzim pektinesterase isolat AR 2, AR 4, AR 6 dan KK 2 berturut-turut optimum pada pH 8; pH 7,5; pH 8,5; dan pH 6,5, serta stabil pada pH 4-9, pH 4-9, pH 6-9, dan pH 3-8. Suhu optimum enzim pektinesterase isolat AR 2, AR 4, AR 6, dan KK 2 berturut-turut adalah 55ºC, 60ºC, 55ºC, dan 60ºC. Enzim pektinesterase isolat AR 2 stabil pada suhu 30-50ºC dan inaktif pada suhu 80ºC, enzim pektinesterase isolat AR 4 dan KK 2 stabil pada suhu 30-60ºC dan inaktif pada suhu 90ºC, sedangkan enzim pektinesterase isolat AR 6 stabil pada suhu 30-60ºC namun belum inaktif pada suhu 90ºC. Nilai konstanta Michaelis-Menten (KM) enzim pektinesterase isolat AR 2, AR 4, AR 6, dan KK 2 berturut-turut adalah 0,604; 0,338; 0,971; dan 0,392 mg/ml. Sedangkan nilai kecepatan maksimum (Vmaks) enzim pektinesterase isolat AR 2, AR 4, AR 6, dan KK 2 berturut-turut adalah 1,218; 0,826; 0,969; dan 1,080 U/ml. Enzim pektinesterase isolat KK 2 memiliki karakteristik yang paling sesuai untuk aplikasi dalam klarifikasi sari buah jeruk keprok garut dibandingkan dengan enzim pektinesterase isolat lainnya.


Keywords


Clarification; enzyme; keprok garut citrus; pectin; pectinesterase

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/agritech.9326

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