Determination of Antioxidant Activity and Phenolic Compounds of Methanolic Extract of Java Plum (Syzygium cumini Linn. (Skeel) Seed

https://doi.org/10.22146/ifnp.24279

Rohadi Rohadi(1*), Umar Santoso(2), Sri Raharjo(3), Iip Izul Falah(4)

(1) Department of Processing Agricultural Product, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Semarang University, Jl. Arteri Soekarno-Hatta, Semarang 50196, Indonesia
(2) Department of Food and Agricultural Product Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Gadjah Mada University, Jl. Flora No. 1, Bulaksumur , Yogyakarta 55281
(3) Department of Food and Agricultural Product Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Gadjah Mada University, Jl. Flora No. 1, Bulaksumur , Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(4) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Gadjah Mada University, Jl. Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Methanolic extract of Java Plum (Syzygium cumini L. (Skeel) seed (MEJS) is potential source of natural antioxidant. As indicated by several in vitro measurements, the extract had strong DPPH (1,1 diphenyl, 2–picryl hydrazyl) and ABTS (2,2-azinobis, 3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonate) radical scavenging activity, strong Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Power (FRAP) and moderate inhibition activity of linoleic acid oxidation. This study aimed to determine antioxidant activity and phenolic compound of Java Plum seed (Syzygium cumini L. (Skeel) methanolic extract fractions. Phenolics compound identification using Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) showed that all fractions (polar, semi polar and hydrolyzed semi polar fraction) contained Gallic acid, Tannic acid and flavonol’s Rutin. HPLC-DAD analysis showed that its polar fraction contained 25 ppm flavonol’s Quercetine and 55181 ppm flavonol’s (+)- Catechin, ethyl acetate fraction contained 54 ppm flavonol’s Rutin and 528 ppm (+)- Catechine, while hydrolyzed ethyl acetate fraction contained 404 ppm Rutin and 28692 ppm (+)- Catechine.

Keywords


Antioxidant, Catechine, Java Plum Seed, Methanolic Extract

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ifnp.24279

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Indonesian Food and Nutrition Progress (print ISSN 0854-6177, online ISSN 2597-9388) is published by the Indonesian Association of Food Technologist in collaboration with Department of Food and Agricultural Product Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada.

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