Cytotoxicity Screening of Endophytic Fungi from Phaleria macrocarpa (Scheff) Boerl) Collected in Yogyakarta District

  • Ikra Agustina
  • Caterina Siskadewi Lay
  • Puji Astuti Pharmaceutical Biology Department, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
  • Triana Hertiani
Keywords: Phaleria macrocarpa, cytotoxicity, endophyte, cancer


Cancer is a disease that is a global problem with a high prevalence and mortality rate. Indonesia has biodiversity with enormous potential as a source of medicinal ingredients. Phaleria macrocarpa (Scheff) Boerl) It is known to contain active metabolites, potentially an anticancer. Some endophytes are reported to be able to produce secondary metabolites similar to their parent plants. This study aimed to obtain endophytic fungi from P. macrocarpa capable of producing compounds with anticancer potential. Endophytes producing anticancer compounds were explored by screening endophytic fungi producing secondary metabolites from parts of the plant P. macrocarpa collected in the Yogyakarta area. The anticancer bioassay (MTT assay) was performed in vitro using cancer cells T47D, MCF7, HeLa, and normal Vero cells. Potential extracts were traced for their mechanism of cell cycle modulation and apoptosis using Flowcytometry. First, fungal identification was carried out on fungi producing potential cytotoxic extracts. Then the compound content was analyzed using LC-HRMS. The results from the six extracts obtained from fruit, leaf, and stem parts showed that the endophytic extract from the leaves (code PC-L2) had the best cytotoxicity compared to other endophytes and showed the best result on MCF-7 cells with an IC50 value of 110.66 µg/mL. The producing PC-L2 extract fungi are closely associated with Clonostachys wenpingii strain DUCC5606. This extract induced apoptosis but not through the mechanism of cell cycle modulation.


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How to Cite
Agustina, I., Lay, C. S., Astuti, P., & Hertiani, T. (2024). Cytotoxicity Screening of Endophytic Fungi from Phaleria macrocarpa (Scheff) Boerl) Collected in Yogyakarta District. Indonesian Journal of Pharmacy, 35(2), 219-226.
Research Article

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