The Tradition of Melayokaken in Using Society: The Causal Factors and Its Impacts

Akhmad Haryono(1*), Akhmad Sofyan(2), Samudji Samudji(3)

(1) Universitas Jember
(2) Universitas Jember
(3) Universitas Jember
(*) Corresponding Author


This article discusses the tradition of Melayokaken, the causal factors, and the impacts of the tradion on Using Society in Banyuwangi. Melayokaken, as a tradition of elopement, had been maintained by Using community for a long time. For some Using People in Banyuwangi (UPB), this tradition was regarded as a pride because it could help to maintain the tradition that had been formed since the time of their ancestors. But on the other hand, melayokaken tradition is considered violating the norms followed by Using people, namely religious norms, anti conflicts and living in peace. The method used in this study is qualitative method. Data were collected through participatory observations, interviews, notings, and recordings. The method of analysis used in this research is descriptive qualitative method. This research resulted in the finding that there is a factor that can maintain the tradition of melayokaken, namely as an alternative means to resolve the impasse communication in entering the marriage, for example due to: differences in status and social class, educational factors, the bride family may not marry more than one time in a year, the bridegroom candidate has not got a job yet, the candidates of the bride and the bridegroom are not yet old enough, the birth dates of the two are not good and matched, the marriage must not precede an older sister marriage, the bride candidate has already been betrothed by parents.

This entails two impacts of the tradition, namely positive and negative. The positive side proves that melayokaken can penetrate the gap in status and social class between the two families and the things which are recognized less rational in the contemporary perspective. And the negative side proves that melayokaken had violated the norms, ethics, and religious values embraced by Using society although there was no significant impact on the doers’ social lives and in the community.


anti conflict, Banyuwangi, elopment, impasse communication, Melayokaken, messenger, Using, Using community

Full Text:



Dar usuprapta. (1984). Babad Blambangan. (Unpublished Dissertation). Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta

Greetz, C. (1973). The Interpretation of Culture. New York: Basic Book Inc. Publishers

Haryono, Akhmad. (2008). “Tradisi Perkawinan Usia Dini Etnis Madura di Jember. Jurnal Kultur Vol.2 No.1 Maret 2008. Jember: Puslit Budaya Jawa dan Madura Lemlit Universitas Jember.

Hasan Ali Sentot. (1995). Basanan dan Wangsalan sebagai Kritik Sosial: Tinjauan Awal terhadap Sastra Lisan di Banyuwangi”. Warta ATL: Jurnal Pengetahuan dan Komunikasi Peneliti dan Pemerhati Tradsi Lisan. Vol. 1 No. 1. hlm. 45-50.

Hav iland, William, A. (1993). Anthropologi, diterjemahkan oleh R.G. Soekadijo. Jakarta: Erl angga.

Hornby, A.A.S. Gatenby, ME.V.,Wakevield,M. (1957). The Advanced Learner’s: Dictionary of Current English, London: University Press.

Koentjaraningrat. (1987).Kebudayaan Mentalitas dan Pembangunan. Jakarta: P.T Gramedia.

Marzali, A. (2014).“Memajukan Kebudayaan Nasional Indonesia” dalam Humaniora, Volume 26, Nomor 03, Oktober 2014. hal 251-265. Yogyakarta: FIB UGM.

Peraturan Pemerintah Republik Indonesia Nomor 9 tahun 1975, Tentang Pelaksanaan Undang- Undang Nomor 1 tahun 1974 Tentang Perkawinan.

Pingkan, C. B. Rumondor. (2011).“Gambaran Penyesuaian Diadik pada Pasangan Dewasa Muda di Awal Pernikahan”dalam Humaniora, Volume 02, Nomor 01, April 2011. hal 468- 476. Yogyakarta: FIB UGM.

Saputra, H. S.P. (2007). Memuja Mantra Sabuk Mangir dan Jaran Goyang Masyarakat Suku Using Banyuwangi. Yogyakarta: LKiS

Undang-undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 1, tahun 1974, Tentang “Perkawinan”.

Wal gito, Bimo, (2002). Bimbingan dan Konseling Per kawinan. Yogyakarta: Andi Offset.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1946 | views : 2369


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Humaniora

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2302-9269 (online); ISSN 0852-0801 (print)
Creative Commons License Copyright © 2022 Humaniora. This website and its contents are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License