Article in Press

The articles served on this page have been all reviewed properly according to the Humaniora standards and policies and are accepted to be published in the upcoming issues. However, the articles have no particular publication date yet, until they are officially published on the website in a complete issue or volume.


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The Women's Role in Improving Wooden Art Crafts Quality And Family Economy At Babung, Gunungkidul
Slamet Subiyantoro
Abstract

The research aims to clarify the women's role in increasing the artistic value of wooden crafts and improving their family's economy as well as to reveal the views of local communities towards wooden craft works from a gender perspective. The research is Socio-anthropological research conducted through field research. The data were collected through in-depth interviews, participant observation and content analysis of document/ records, and analyzed using an interactive model including data collection, reduction of presentation and verification. The study results are, (1) the duty of women was very dominant in improving the quality of artistic value of the wooden crafts through batik painting technique and batik writing technique. The role can make the wooden crafts more exotic, as well as a medium to preserve local art crafts, which, in this case, is the motif; (2) with the tenderness of women in the art of woodcraft touch, women's duties can increase the economic value of the family without leaving the domestic duties such as caring their children and cooking. The wages are based on daily system, collective system, or a combination of both systems; (3) batik making on wooden craft is a job that looks feminine, soft and light, but the feminineness is not opposed to the masculineness that requires hard work, muscular and physical might. Batik making on wooden craft made by women is complementary to the job done by men. According to local people, there is no gender bias related to the job differentiation between men and women.

Women in Tengger Mountains Folklores: Their Presence, Position, and Environmental Knowledge on Mitigation
Sony Sukmawan, Lestari Setyowati
Abstract

One of the ethnic communities in Indonesia that has a unique folklore is the Tengger ethnic community in East Java. This research was intended to investigate 1) how women are presented in Tengger Mountains folklores; 2)  women’s position in Tengger folkores; and 3) their environmental knowledge in relation to nature and mitigation. The design used was ethnographic study. The data  was analyzed in  multi perspective dimensions  by using the theories of ecofeminism, ecocritics, and folkloristic view. The instruments were human instrument, observation, interview, and documentation. The result reveals that 1) women are presented both  in Tengger folktales and oral poetry (spells) and characterized as being mentally strong, respected, and having a guardian nature. 2) in Tengger folklores, women are positioned to be equal with men. The equality between men and women has become a value and practice in the Tengger traditions. They worked side by sidewith men  in arranging the life inside and outside the household. 3) Tengger women have intensive environmental knowledge, both physically and psychologically. They   have an in-depth and detail knowledge about the vitality of nature for human living.