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The articles served on this page have been all reviewed properly according to the Humaniora standards and policies and are accepted to be published in the upcoming issues. However, the articles have no particular publication date yet, until they are officially published on the website in a complete issue or volume.

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Vol. 34 (1), 2022

1. Semiotic Analysis of the Changes of Ondel-ondel Costume Elements as a Betawi Cultural Negotiation
Mita Purbasari Wahidiyat

Known as one of Jakarta’s icons, ondel-ondel has come a long way and made great history with daily struggles. Classically built in a fairly simple form, ondel-ondel presents itself in various ways at every performance. Currently, ondel-ondel has been increasingly found around Jakarta. It has undergone significant changes in its costume elements. It is usually shown as a couple, but nowadays they appear single and cruise the alleys with a mere digital sound system. Once respected and feared for its looks, today it is belittled by its own people. Due to this phenomenon, this research questioned who influenced the ideological change, which ruling elite encouraged their ideology, and what the ideology is. Interviews and direct observations produced stories and photographs, while literature and media studies gave a historical background. Roland Barthes’ semiotic connotations with a historical perspective were used to read the hidden concepts behind these signs, which connect the changes of the costume elements through the important events in Betawi society from 1970 to 2020. A literature review, interviews, and observations resulted in data both written and photographed on the ondel-ondel  and community. The different interests of each party brought more conflict in the relations, which created a dynamic cultural negotiation. Based on the research results, the terms for the ondel-ondel models were identified; each model was named after the historical events and ideology brought by the ruling elites.

2. Forms of Linguistic Deviations found in Latah Coprolalia Behavior in Jombang East Java Indonesia
Sri Pamungkas

Latah is a psychogenic language disorder due to cultural pressure, mimicry, and the like. The focus of this research is the form of linguistic deviation in individuals with latah coprolalia behavior, namely latah behavior by expressing lingual forms that refer to the male or female genitalia.  The location of this research is Jombang, East Java. The data collection methods used are observation and interview techniques. Data analysis uses Spardley’s ethnographic approach with four advanced paths (1) domain analysis; (2) taxonomy analysis; (3) componential analysis; and (4) culture values analysis. The findings of this study are latah coprolalia behavior occurs in men with low and high education levels and women with low education levels, but it is not found in women with high education levels. Applause and verbal stimuli gave rise to syntagmatic errors in the form of single words and sentences in men with high education, while in men with low education, syntagmatic errors in single sentences and multiple sentences. Women with latah coprolalia behavior with low educational background were identified as committing syntagmatic errors in the form of single words and sentences.

3. Javanese Politeness in Relation to the Transactional Communication
Didik Rinan Sumekto, Imam Ghozali, Suhud Eko Yuwono, Gunawan Budi Santoso, Tukiyo Tukiyo

Javanese interaction is respectively bound by its politeness speech levels–ngoko [lowest] and krama [high] levels. This study aims at revealing communication politeness as expressed by the interlocutors in the public place which involved twelve participants in this study. Data were recorded by the smartphone and transcribed orthographically to gain the natural data. Data analysis used the interpretative approach that aimed at identifying and coding the transcripts. The results showed five female interlocutors consistently communicated with krama speech level when dealing with other parties, whilst one female conveyed her ngoko speech level. Conversely, one of seven male interlocutors accordingly engaged in krama. Meanwhile, the other six interlocutors consistently addressed their communications in ngoko. These politeness patterns advocated both interlocutor and hearer’s genuine interests and behavioural reflections within the adaptable consequences, and expressed a sense of intimacy, respectfulness, functionality, and equality using various words, expressions, and meaningful talks shaping the social status existence. Females eagerly congratulated on someone's appearance, whereas males focused on predominance. However, both female and male participants showed that addressing politeness speech levels in their transactional communications became sense of familiarity. This study concludes that Javanese politeness levels naturally constitute interlocutors’ daily speech habits that govern the Javanese diglossia through its contextual adoption, adaptation, and reinterpretation.