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Vol. 34 (2), 2022

1. Transliteration of Indonesian Geographical Names into Chinese
Qin Weifen1*, Wang Difei1
1College of Chinese Language and Culture, Jinan University, China

In this paper, a comparative analysis of the phonetics between Indonesian and Chinese in the geographical name conversion process is carried out to investigate the way of Chinese transliterating for Indonesian geographical names, in order to standardize Chinese proper translation for Indonesian geographical names. The author found that in general, people will translate geographical names by transliterating for specific parts of the name, and paraphrasing for generic names. Processing of vowels and consonants has different characteristics in the transliteration process, which generally according to Chinese pronunciation habits. And some geographical names are translated directly into Chinese dialects. This contains a wealth of immigrant cultural information and dialect information, which can infer the general distribution of early Chinese immigrants in Indonesian settlements, guide significance for the study of Chinese society and culture. In addition, Chinese transliterated names for Indonesian geographical names in different historical periods are subject to change.

2. Theorizing Beauty Regimes: Performing Gender Through Makeup
Suzie Handajani
Department of Anthropology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia
This article is about how Indonesian women talk about their beauty practices. They realize how their beauty routines are often seen as banal and shallow but simultaneously essential to their gendered beings. However, this article argues that women are able to subvert the deprecating narratives of their beauty regimes into empowering ones while maintaining the same practice. Through their practices, they seem to conform to the beauty requirement in society. However, through their discourse, they present their beauty regimes with perspectives that put their free will and agency at the centre of their beauty regimes. The research is done by asking 22 Indonesian women with ages ranging from mid-twenties to mid-sixties, about their beauty routines. Their answers are analyzed by using feminist discourse analysis to seek possibilities of subversion and empowerment. Another theoretical approach used in this research is the politics of everyday lives. The problematization of everyday practices allows for the deconstruction of ideology that perpetuates gendered norms of beauty. This research is significant because it provides a blueprint for research on gender politics in the 21st century that focuses a lot on everyday practices as demonstrated by social media.