THE TAXONOMY OF SAKURA AS A LIFE PORTRAIT OF LIWA PEOPLE

https://doi.org/10.22146/jh.v26i3.6186

I Wayan Mustika(1*)

(1) Department of Language and Arts, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of Lampung
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Sakura performing arts in Liwa, West Lampung regency, has several varieties of characters in accordance with types of performance. Sakura, viewed from its appearance, has been made with a lot of varieties of style and costume which is in line with the performers’ development of science and knowledge. It can also be defined as a traditional game using many varieties of Sakura characters. Sakura consists of two types: (a) Sakura Kamak and (b) Sakura Helau. Sakura Kamak was in the past used as a ritual for worshipping ancestral spirits described to have ugly-looking faces wearing shabby clothes. Sakura means a mask and Kamak means ugly, dirty, or old. Thus, Sakura Kamak is identifiable from its face shapes and ugly, dirty, ragged, and muddy dress. Meanwhile, Sakura Helauhas a good-looking face and nice dress. The Sakura types are named according to their costumes, dance movement styles, and behavior of the Sakura performers, rather dance movement styles, and behavior of the Sakura performers, rather than the expressions or appearances.

Keywords


culture, performance, Sakura, types

Full Text:

PDF


References

Corson, Richard. (1975). Stage Makeup. Fifth Edition. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-HallInc.

Endjat Djaenu Deradjat, Oki Laksito, Bambang S.W. (1992). Topeng Lampung: Tinjauan Awal Dramatari Tupping dan Pesat Sakura. Lampung: Museum Negeri Lampung.

Emigh, John. (1996). Masked Performance: The Play of Self and Other in Ritual and Theatre. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Hauser, Arnold. (1982). The Sociology of Art. Terj. Kenneth J. Northcott Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Herdiani, Een. (1999). “Bajidoran sebagai Pertunjukan Hiburan Pribadi pada Masyarakat Karawang Kontinuitas dan Perubahan”. Tesis sebagai syarat untuk mencapai derajat Sarjana S-2, pada Program Pengkajian Seni Pertunjukan, Program Pascasarjana Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta.

Herusantoto, Budiono. (2003). Simbolis dalam Budaya Jawa. Cetakan V. Yogyakarta: Hanindita Graha Widia.

Katalog Topeng Lampung, (2008). Dinas Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata UPTD Museum Negeri Propinsi Lampung.

Katalog Topeng Lampung. (2009). Dinas Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata UPTD Museum Negeri Propinsi Lampung.

Mustika, I Wayan. (2007). ”Membangkitkan Kembali Tari Bedayo Tulang Bawang di Kota Menggala Lampung.” Jurnal Humaniora, 19, 135-142.

____. (2011). “Perkembangan Bentuk Pertunjukan Sakura dalam Konteks Kehidupan Masyarakat Lampung Barat Tahun 1986-2009”, Disertasi sebagai Syarat Menempuh Program Doktor/S3, Sekolah Pascasarjana Universitas Gadjah Mada Yogyakarta.

Noosten, H., en Von Koenigswald. (1937). “Maskers En Ziekten Op Java En Bali”, Djawa Tijdschrift Van Het Java Instituut. Jogjakarta: Secretariat Van Het Java Instituut, Museum, Alon-alon Lor.

Soedarsono, R.M. (1998). ”The Mask and Characterization System”, dalam Edi Sedyawati, ed. Indonesian Heritage: Performing Art. Singapore: Archipelago Press.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jh.v26i3.6186

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 667 | views : 562

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2015 I Wayan Mustika

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 ISSN: 2302-9269 (Online)


web counter View My Stats