Critical Analysis of Javanese Epistemology and Its Relevance to Science Development in Indonesia

https://doi.org/10.22146/jh.49065

Reno Wikandaru(1*), Shely Cathrin(2), Erwinsyah Satria(3), Dian Rianita(4)

(1) Faculty of Philosophy, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Jurusan Filsafat dan Sosiologi Pendidikan, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta
(3) PGSD Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Bung Hatta
(4) Universitas Lancang Kuning Pekanbaru Riau
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Humans have developed science to understand the phenomena they face in their lives. As such, the development of science is inexorably linked with epistemology because it emphasizes the question of truth—the focus of epistemology. The development of science and knowledge has been influenced by specific interests, motives, needs, and historic/cultural backgrounds. To ensure that science is developed in a manner best suited for Indonesian society, such development must be rooted in extant Indonesian cultural values, such as those found in Javanese culture. This study attempts to formulate Javanese epistemology as a basis for scientific development in Indonesia. It finds, first, that knowledge is known as “kawruh” among the Javanese people; second, knowledge is not always limited to the cognitive dimension; and third, a specific criterion for truth is harmony, or “pener”. Javanese people consider “rasa” capable of bringing humans to the supreme knowledge. Although objective knowledge exists, every individual achievement of reality is different. Javanese people consider the validity or truthfulness of statements/actions rooted in their harmony with the empirical rational principle of truth and the existing order, following the adage “bener tur pener”.

Keywords


epistemology; Indonesia; Javanese; philosophy; subjectivism

Full Text:

PDF


References

Bagus, L. (2000). Kamus Filsafat. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Darusuprapta. (1988). Serat Wulang Reh anggitan dalem Sri Pakubuwana IV. Citra Jaya Murti.

Dojosantoso. (1986). Unsur Religius dalam Sastra Jawa. Aneka Ilmu.

Frondizi, R. (2001). Pengantar Filsafat Nilai (Diterjemah). Pustaka Pelajar.

Kleden, I. (1987). Sikap Ilmiah dan Kritik Kebudayaan. LP3ES.

Magnis-Suseno, F. (2001). Etika Jawa: Sebuah Analisa Falsafi tentang Kebijaksanaan Hidup Jawa. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Mangkunagoro IV, K. G. P. A. . (1979). Wedhatama (Terjemahan). Pradnya Paramita.

Mulder, N. (1985). Pribadi dan Masyarakat di Jawa: Penjelajahan Mengenai Hubungannya, Yogyakarta, 1970-1980. Pustaka Sinar Harapan.

Muthmainnah, L. (2018). Tinjauan Kritis Terhadap Epistemologi Immanuel Kant (1724-1804). Jurnal Filsafat “WISDOM,” Vol 28No 1 (2018), 74–91.

Sabdacarakatama, K. (2010). Serat Wedhatama: Karya Sastra K.G.P.A.A. Mangkunegoro IV. Narasi.

Satria, E., & Widodo, A. (2020). View of teachers and students understanding’ of the nature of science at elementary schools in Padang city Indonesia. Journal of Physics: Conference Series1567, 32066. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1567/3/032066

Solichin. (2001). Upaya Awal ke Arah Perumusan Filsafat Wayang.

Sulistyo, E. T. (2015). The Implicature of Tembang Gambuh in Serat Wedhatama and Its Significance for the Society. Humaniora27(1), 96–106. https://doi.org/10.22146/jh.6413

Sutrisno, S., Siswanto, J., Ariani, I., Hadiprayitno, K., Wilda, M., & Purwadi. (2009). Filsafat Wayang. Sena Wangi.

Syuropati, M. A. (2015). Kumpulan Mutiara Kearifan Jawa. Syura Media Utama.

Tedjowirawan, A. (2014). Serat Pustakaraja Purwa: Serat Darmasarana Karya Pujangga R.Ng. Ranggawarsita Di Abad XIX: Analisis Struktur-Resepsi-Genealogi. Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Titus, H. H., Smith, M. S., & Nolan, R. (1984). Persoalan-Persoalan Filsafat (Terjemahan). Bulan Bintang.

Wikandaru, R. (2013). Dimensi Epistemologis Serat Wedhatama: Relevansinya Bagi Pengembangan Ilmu di Indonesia.

Wikandaru, R., Lasiyo, L., & Sayuti, S. A. (2018). Rasa Sebagai Prinsip Pertama Ontologi Harmoni dalam Pathet Pergelaran Wayang. Wawasan: Jurnal Ilmiah Agama Dan Sosial Budaya. https://doi.org/10.15575/jw.v3i2.5629



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jh.49065

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 558 | views : 406

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2020 Humaniora

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.



ISSN 2302-9269 (online); ISSN 0852-0801 (print)
Copyright © 2020 Humaniora, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada