PRAGMATIK DAN WACANA KORUPSI

https://doi.org/10.22146/jh.4884

BR Suryo Baskoro(1*)

(1) Jurusan Sastra Roman, Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


While semantics analyze the informative meaning, pragmatics focus its attention on the communicative meaning, which is what is implied (by the speaker/writer) in context. Therefore, discourses containing implicit elements, such as advertising discourse, political discourse, or humorous discourse, are resourceful and inspirational terrains for pragmatics-based studies. Perlocutionary act is one of the implicit elements as it implies the influencing power or effect on the the speaker’s/writer’s choices to the hearer/reader. This paper discusses the discourse of corruption, that is dominated by the informative meaning. Journalist’s choices such as menghukum ‘sentence’, divonis ‘be sentenced’, melakukan tindak korupsi ‘do corruption act’ are merely informative so that they have a low perlocutive power or low pragmatic power. Critical pragmatic analysis indicates that such choices do not show the journalist’s sidedness to the low class society that is most harmed by the corruption acts. The purpose of this paper is to encourage journalists to be more empathetic to the lower class society and to make choices which have a higher perlocutive power in order to bring harder effect to the targeted segment, corruptors.


Keywords


informative meaning, communicative meaning, perlocutive power, pragmatic power, critical pragmatics

Full Text:

PDF


References

Alba-Juez, Laura. (2009). Perspectives on Discourse Analysis: Theory and Practice UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Attardo, Salvatore. (2011). “Humor”, in J. Zienkowski, J-O Östman, J. Verchueren (eds.). Handbook of Pragmatics Highlights. Volume 8. Amsterdan/Philadephia: John Benjamins.

Bassols Puig, Margarida. (2003). Pragmatics and Discourse Analysis, in Noves SL. Revista de Sociolingüística, Winter 2003. Stable URL: http://www6.gencat.net/ llengcat/noves/ hm03hivern/docs/a_bassols.pdf

Cohen, L. Jonathan. 1970. “Searle's Theory of Speech Acts” in The Philosophical Review. Vol. 79, No. 4 (Oct., 1970) (pp. 545-557). Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2184294?seq=1

Cruse, Alan. (2006). A Glossary of Semantics and Pragmatics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Dubois, Jean et al. (1973). Dictionnaire de Linguistique. Paris : Larousse.

Eriyanto. (2001). Analisis Wacana: Pengantar Analisis Teks Media. Yogyakarta: LKiS.

Fairclough, Norman. 1992. Language and Power. London: Longman.

_____. (1997). Critical Discourse Analysis: the Critical Study of Language. Second Impression. London and New York: Longman.

Irvine, Martin. (2012). Structural Linguistics, Semiotics, and Communication Theory: Basic Outlines and Assumptions. Stable URL: http://www9.georgetown.edu/ faculty/irvinem/theory/semiotics_and_communication.html

Korta, Kepa and Perry, John. (2012). Winter 2012 Edition. "Pragmatics", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL = .

Kridalaksana, Harimurti. (1983). Kamus Linguistik. Jakarta: Gramedia

Leech, Geoffrey, (1993). Prinsip-prinsip Pragmatik. Diterjemahkan oleh M.D.D. Oka. Jakarta: Penerbit Universitas Indonesia.

Liu, Shaozhong. Tanpa tahun. What is Pragmatics?. Stable URL: http://www.gxnu.edu.cn/Personal/szliu/definition.html

Morris, Charles W. (1938). “Foundations of the Theory of Signs”, International Encyclopedia of Unified Science, Volume I - Number 2. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Moeschler, J. Tanpa tahun. Pragmatique: état de l’art et perspectives. Stable URL : http:// www.unige.ch/lettres/linguistique/moeschler/publication_pdf/pragmatique.pdf

McNally, Louise. Tanpa tahun. Semantics and Pragmatics. Stable URL: http://www. upf.edu/pdi/louise-mcnally/_pdf/publications/WIRES_Semantics_and_Pragmatics_ McNally_v2.pdf #page=1&zoom=auto,0,675

Scott, Alex. (2001). Ferdinand de Saussure’s Course in General Linguistics. Stable URL: http://www.angelfire.com/md2/timewarp/saussure.html

Slembrouck, Stef. (2006). What is meant by "discourse analysis"?. Stable URL: http://bank.rug.ac.be/da/da.htm

Sperber, Dan & Deirdre Wilson. “Pragmatics”, dalam F. Jackson & M. Smith (eds) 2005. Oxford Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy. OUP: 468-501.

Tinarbuko, Sumbo. (2011). Teori Semiotika: Semiotika Sebagai Ilmu. Stable URL: http://sumbotinarbuko.com/teori-semiotika-semiotika-sebagai-ilmu.html

van Dijk, Teun A. (2001). “Critical Discourse Analysis” dalam Schiffrin, DeborahTannen,and Heidi E. Hamilton (eds). The Handbook of Discourse Analysis. Oxford: Blackwell.

Wijana, I Dewa Putu. (1996). Dasar-dasar Pragmatik. Yogyakarta: Andi Offset.

_____. (2008). “Kata-kata Kasar dalam Bahasa Jawa” dalam Jurnal Humaniora Volume 20, No. 3, Oktober 2008 (hlm. 248-256).

Yule, George. (1996). Pragmatik. Diterjemahkan oleh Indah Fajar Wahyuni. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jh.4884

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1603 | views : 3134

Refbacks





Copyright (c) 2014 BR Suryo Baskoro

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 ISSN: 2302-9269 (Online)


web counter View My Stats