Image Construction of Islamic Defenders Front in the Jakarta Post Online News

https://doi.org/10.22146/jh.37626

Siti Nurul Hidayah(1*)

(1) State University of Jakarta
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


This study aimed to observe image construction of the Islamic Defenders Front (FPI) based on six articles of the Jakarta Post Online News about the FPI’s protest toward three issues: Ahmadiyah, the arrival of Lady Gaga in Indonesia, and Ahok as the substitute governor of Jakarta. The author qualitatively explored the FPI’s image using Halliday’s systemic functional linguistics (SFL), which defines the types of process in a clause. The author also analyzed the thematic structure of the clause to support the analysis of each type of process. The result was approximately 208 clauses from the six news articles. This study shows that the dominant process in the above-mentioned three issues is the material process. The material process represents 51% in the issue of Ahmadiyah, 41% in the issue of the arrival of Lady Gaga, and 70% in the issue of Ahok as Jakarta’s substitute governor. This material process shows that the Jakarta Post Online News constructed a negative image of the FPI’s by reporting this organization’s action during the protest. In the issue of Ahmadiyah, the FPI was framed as anarchist, while in the issue of Ahok and of Lady Gaga it was represented as protestor. The analysis of thematic structures shows the FPI as the dominant topical theme, which indicates the FPI was the main topic of the articles.

Keywords


news article; Systemic Functional Linguistics; image construction of the FPI; thematic structure; types of process

Full Text:

PDF


References

Campbell, R. (2005). Media and culture: An introduction of mass communication. Boston: Bedford/St.Martin’s.

Campbell, R. (2012). Media and culture: An introduction of mass communication (8th edition). Boston: Bedford/St.Martin’s.

Halliday, M. A. K., & Matthiessen, C. (2004). Introduction to functional grammar (3rd ed.). London: Routledge. Retrieved from https://www.functionalmedicine.org/files/library/Intro_Functional_Medicine.pdf

Haratyan, F. (2011). Halliday’s SFL and social meaning. In Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Humanities, Historical and Social Sciences IPEDR (vol.17).

Pausaker, H. (2012). Playboy, the Islamic Defenders Front and the law: Enforcing Islamic norms in post-Soeharto Indonesia? Australian Journal of Asian Law.

Ratna, N. K. (2004). Teori, Metode, dan Teknik Penelitian Sastra. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Wachidah, S. (2010). Linguistik Fungsional Sistemik (Systemic Functional Linguistics) untuk Pendidikan dan Penelitian Bahasa. Konferensi Linguistik Tahunan Atma Jaya, 8, 265-269.

Woodward, M., Yahya, M., Rohmaniyah, I., Coleman, D. M., Amin, A., & Lundry, C. (2012). Hate speech and the Indonesian Islamic Defenders Front. Tempe, AZ: Arizona State University, Center for Strategic Communication. Retrieved from http://csc.asu.edu/wp-content/uploads/pdf/csc1203-fpi-hate-speech.pdf

Young, L., & Fitzgerald, B. (2006). The power of language: How discourse influences society. London: Equinox Publishing.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jh.37626

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 324 | views : 322

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2020 Humaniora

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.



ISSN 2302-9269 (online); ISSN 0852-0801 (print)
Copyright © 2020 Humaniora, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada