Contestation in Gamelan Making Rituals: Tensions between Old and New Understandings

https://doi.org/10.22146/jh.v30i3.35463

Andri Handayani(1*), Kelli Swazey(2)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Performing ritual before making gamelan as one of stages of producing gamelan orchestra has changed. The decision of gamelan masters to perform ritual is affected by their worldview, socio-religious and economic changes in their surroundings. This research aims to identify contestation in gamelan making rituals especially the tensions that occur between old and new understanding of gamelan masters. The study was conducted from March 2013 to April 2015. Semi-structured interview was applied to 6 out of 10 gamelan masters in Wirun Village, Sukoharjo District, Central Java. The result finds that gamelan masters apply strategies such as purification, negotiation and commercialization to adapt to the changes in Wirun. These strategies occur based on the understanding of old and younger generation of gamelan masters in Wirun. Purification can be defined as gamelan masters attempt to purify their religious principle from other external influence. There are two types of purification conducted by gamelan masters; purification of Javanese belief and purification of Islamic teachings. Negotiation hitherto is a way for gamelan masters to perceive their religious perspective and Javanese traditions flexibly. While, commercialization is taken by gamelan masters who only perceive gamelan as an industrial commodity and who prioritize the market value disregarding religious values in making the gamelan. The strategies serve to allow gamelan masters to sustain their identity as gamelan craftsmen.


Keywords


commercialization; gamelan; negotiation; purification; ritual

Full Text:

PDF


References

Becker, J. (1993). Gamelan Stories: Tantrism, Islam and Aesthetics in Central Java. Arizona: Arizona State University.

Clifford, J. (2001). Indigenous articulations. The Contemporary Pacific, 13(2), 467- 490.

DeWalt, K. M. & DeWalt, B. R. (2011). Participant observation: A guide for fieldworkers. Rowman Altamira.

Fuad, M. (2002). Civil society in Indonesia: the potential and limits of Muhammadiyah. Sojourn: Journal of Social Issues in Southeast Asia, 133-163.

Hasan, N. (2009). The making of public Islam: piety, agency, and commodification on the landscape of the Indonesian public sphere. Contemporary Islam, 3(3), 229-250.

Hilmy, M. (1999). Islam and Javanese Acculturation: Textual and Contextual Analysis of the Slametan
Ritual. Master Thesis. Montreal: McGill University Library.

Ismail, F. (2011). The Nahdlatul Ulama: Its Early History and Contribution to the Establishment of Indonesian State. Journal of Indonesian Islam5(2), 247-282.

Koentjaraningrat (1960). The Javanese of south central Java. Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research, Incorporated.

Liddle, W. R. (2003). New Patterns of Islamic Politics in Democratic Indonesia. In Amy McCreedy, Piety and Pragmatism: Trends in Indonesian Islamic Politics (Washington, D.C.: Woodrow Wilson International Center, Asia Special Report, no. 10, 2003)

Maarif, A. S. (1985). Islam dan masalah kenegaraan: studi tentang percaturan dalam konstituante. Lembaga Penelitian Pendidikan dan Penerangan Ekonomi dan Sosial.

Magnis-Suseno, F. (1997). Javanese ethics and worldview: The Javanese idea of the good life. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Mulder, N. (2005). Inside Indonesian society: cultural change in Java. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Palmier, L. H. (1954). The Muhammadiyah After Independence, Pacific Affairs, (27)3, p. 257.

Parekh, B. (2008). A new politics of identity: Political principles for an interdependent world. Palgrave Macmillan.

Redfield, R. (1952). The primitive world view. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 96(1), 30-36.

Turner, V. W. (1982). From ritual to theatre: The human seriousness of play. Paj Publications.

Wanandi, J. (2002). Islam in Indonesia: Its History, Development and Future Challenges. Asia Pacific Review, 9(2), 104-112.

Woodward, M. R. (1988). The” Slametan”: Textual Knowledge and Ritual Performance in Central Javanese Islam. History of Religions, 54-89.

Woodward, M. R. (1998). Nahdlatul Ulama, Traditional Islam and Modernity in Indonesia. Edited by Greg Barton and Greg Fealy. Clayton, Australia: Monash Asia Institute, 1996. xvii, 293 pp. The Journal of Asian Studies, 57(03), 899-900.

Woodward, M. R. (2011). Java, Indonesia and Islam (Muslims in Global Societies Series). Springer Netherlands.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jh.v30i3.35463

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 266 | views : 188

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Humaniora

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

 ISSN: 2302-9269 (Online)


web counter View My Stats