Preliminary Study on Worldviews

Heddy Shri Ahimsa-Putra(1), Sartini Sartini(2*),

(1) SCOPUS ID : 56286472000, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author


Worldviews are an important part of human life because they illustrate the ways people think and act. This article aims to review studies conducted by scholars, definitions of the term "worldview", and scientists' explorations of worldviews, and to examine how such categories may be applied to capture reality. This study concludes that worldviews have been the focus of intensive studies since the 1980s. Many scientists have defined the concept of "worldview" and attempted to explain its dynamics. Studies of worldviews can be grouped into several paradigms. Because of the extent of the study area, theoretically worldviews can be classified into several categories based on, for example, views of self and others, time, space, relationships, and causation. In reality, the worldview of a society can be seen in how members of the society live in relation to God, nature, people, and the environment. In examining the worldviews held in social reality, the specific categories mapped by scholars must be made congruent with the realities in the field, because sometimes these categories are interrelated and difficult to understand separately.


worldview; definition; category; reality

Full Text:



Abdullah, M., & Nadvi, M. J. (2011). Understanding the Principles of Islamic World-View. The Dialogue, VI(3), 268–289.

Abu-Lughod, L. (1957). The Interpretation of Culture(s) after Television. Representations, 59, 109–134.

Ahimsa-Putra, H. S. (n.d.). Paradigma Ilmu Sosial-Budaya: Sebuah Pandangan. Antropologi Budaya Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Amundson, R. (1982). Science, Ethnoscience, and Ethnocentrism. Philosophy of Science, 49(2), 236–250.

Barolsky, P. (1998). Sacred and Profane Love. Notes on the Story of Art, 17(3), 25–28.

Berghout, A. (2006). Concept of Worldview between Assumption and Truth (Observation on Selected Western and Muslim Views). Jurnal Ushuluddin, Bil 23-24, 117–138.

Boodin, J. E. (1905). The Concept of Time. The Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods, 2(14), 365–372.

Bowering, G. (1997). The Concept of Time in Islam. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 141(1), 55–66.

Bridgman, P. W. (1932). The Concept of Time. The Scientific Monthly, 35(2), 97–100.

Butts, W. K. (1946). Classification. Bios, 17(1), 51–59. Carvalho IV, J. J. (2006).

Overview on the Structure of a Scientific Worldview. Zygon Journal of Religion and Science, 41(1), 113–124.

Conradie, E. (2014). Views on Wordlviews: an Overview of the Use of the Term, Worldview, in Selected Theological Discourses. Scriptura, 113(1), 1–12.

Cope, A. T. (1959). Language and the World View. Theoria: A Journal of Social and Political Theory, 13, 44–52.

Durbin, M. (1966). The Goals of Ethnoscience. Anthropological Linguistics, 8(8), 22–41.

Gabenesch, H. (1972). Authoritarianism as World View. American Journal of Sociology, 77(5), 857–875.

Geertz, C. (1973). Deep Play: Notes on the Balinese Cockfight. Daedalus, 101(1), 1–37.

Goodman, N. D., Ullman, T. D., & Tenenbaum, J. B. (2011). Learning a theory of causality. Psychological Review, 118(1), 110–119.

Gu, M. D. (2013). Sinologism, the Western Worldviews and Chineses Perspective. CLCWeb Comparative Literature and Culture, 15(2), 1–9.

Halpin, A. W. (1962). Jargon... . Sacred and Profane. The Phi Delta Kappan, 43(6), 237–239.

Hanapi, M. S. (2013). From Jahiliyyah to Islamic Worldview: In a Search of an Islamic Educational Philosophy. International Journal of Humanities and Social Sciencies, 3(2), 213–221.

Harrison, V. S. (2006). Scientific and Religious Worldviews: Antagonism, Non-antagonistic Incommensurability and Complementarity. The Heythrop Journal, 47, 1–21.

Hartland-Swann, J. (1955). The Cncept of Time. The Philosophical Quarterly(1950-), 5(10), 1–20.

Hasan, N. (2011). Kritik Islamic Worldview Syed Muchammad Naquib Al-Attas terhadap Western Worldview. Maraji Jurnal Studi Islam, I(1), 115–145.

Hiebert, P. G. (2002). Transforming Worldviews. Mission Focus: Annual Review, 10, 7–31.

Hill, J. H., & Mannheim, B. (1992). Language and World View. Annual Review of Anthropology, 21, 381–406.

Hollan, D. (1992). Cross-Cultural Differences in teh Self. Journalof Anthropological Research, 48(4), 283–300.

Joffe, M. (2013). The Concept of Causation in Biology. Erkenntnis (1975-), 78, 179–197.

Jones, J. J. (1985). Modern Concepts of Public Relations. The Phi Delta Kappan, 36(6), 229–233.

Jones, W. T. (1969). Philosophical Disagreements and World Views. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association, 43, 24–42.

Jones, W. T. (1972). World Views: Their Nature and Their Function. Current Anthropology, 13(1), 79–109.

Karsten, S. G. (n.d.). Dialectics, Functionalism, and Structuralism, in Economic Thought. The American Journal of Economics and Sociology, 42(2), 179–192.

Kearney, M. (1975). World View Theory and Study. Annual Review of Anthropology, 4, 247–270.

Koentjaraningrat. (1994). Kebudayaan Jawa. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.

Kyburg, H. E. (1970). Two World Views. Nous, 4(4), 337–348.

Larsen, K. R. T. (2003). A Taxonomy of Antecedents of Information Systems Success: Variable Analysis Studies. Journal of Management Information Systems, 20(2), 169–246.

Londey, D. (1955). The Concept of Space. The Philosophical Review, 64(4), 590–603.

Long, E. T. (2006). Self and Other: An Introduction. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion, 60(1/3), 1–7.

Lopreato, J. (1990). From Social Evolutionism to Biocultural Evolutionism. Sociological Forum, 5(2), 187–212.

Masroer Ch. Jb. (2004). The History of Java: Sejarah Perjumpaan Agama-agama di Jawa (1st ed.). Yogyakarta: Ar-Ruzz Jogjakarta.

Mazur, E. (1983). Space in Geography. GeoJuornal, 7(2), 139–143.

Oesman, O., & Alfian. (1991). Pancasila sebagai Ideologi (2nd ed.). Jakarta: BP 7 Pusat.

Ohnuki-Tierney, E. (1969). Concept of Time among the Ainu of the Northwest Coast of Sakhalin. American Anthropologist, 71(3), 488–492.

Ohnuki-Tierney, E. (1972). Spatial Concepts of the Ainu of the Northwest Coast of Shouthern Sakhalin. American Anthropologist, 74(3), 426–457.

Perchonock, N., & Werner, O. (1969). Navajo System of Classification: Some Implication for Ethnoscience. Ethnololgy, 8(3), 229–242.

Perinbanayagam, R. S. (1975). The Significance of Others in the Thought of Alfred Schutz, G. H. Mead and C. H. Cooley. The Sociological Quarterly, 16(4), 500–521.

Peursen, C. A. V. (1992). Strategi Kebudayaan (Stretegie van de Cultuur) (3rd ed.). Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Phillips, J. G. (1962). Sculpture: Sacred and Profane. The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin, 20(7), 213–220.

Pranowo, B. (2011). Memahami Islam Jawa (2nd ed.). Jakarta: Pustaka Alvabet.

Proctor, E. K. (1982). Defining the worker-client relationship. Social Work, 27(5), 430–435.

Ridwan (2008). Mistisisme Simbolik dalam Tradisi Islam Jawa. Ibda’, 6(1), 1–13.

Rieppel, O. (1990). Structuralism, Functionalism, and the Four Aristotelian Causes. Journal of the History of Biology, 23(2), 291–320.

Ryan, J. M. (1978). Ethnoscience and Problems of Method in the Social Scientific Study of Religion. Sociological Analysis, 39(3), 241–249.

Sartini, S., & Ahimsa-Putra, H. S. (2017a). Redifining the Term of Dukun. Humaniora, 29(1), 46–60.

Sartini, S., & Ahimsa-Putra, H. S. (2017b, September 27). The Worldviews of the Wong Pinter as Javanese Dukun. Paper presented in the International Conference on South East Asia Studies (ICSEAS) UGM Yogyakarta.

Schlehe, J. (1998). Reinterpretations of Mystical Traditions. Explanations of a Volcanic Eruption in Java. Anthropos, 4(6), 391–409.

Sealigero, M. (1957). Mysticism, Sacred and Profane. East and West, 8(3), 316–320.

Sturtevant, W. C. (1964). Studies in Ethnoscience. American Anthropologist, 66(3), 99–131.

Turner, R. H. (1954). Self and Other in Moral Judgment. American Sociological Review, 19(3), 249–159.

Veeger, K. J. (1993). Realitas Sosial: refleksi filsafat sosial atas hubungan individu-masyarakat dalam cakrawala sejarah sosiologi (4th ed.). Jakarta.

Wassmann, J., & Dasen, P. R. (1998). Balinese Spatial Orientation: Some Empirical Evidence of Moderate Linguistic Relativity. The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute, 4(4), 689.

Wax, R., & Wax, M. (1962). The Magical World View. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 1(2), 179–188.

Wenzlhuemer, R. (2010). Globalization, Communication and the Concept of Space in Global History. Historical Social Research, 35(1 (131)), 19–47.

White, L. A. (1986). History, Evolutionism, and Functionalism: Three Types of Interpretation of Culture (Abridged). Journal of Anthropological Research, 43(3), 225–238.

Woodhouse, M. B. (2006). Berfilsafat Sebuah Langkah Awal (6th ed.). Yogyakarta: Kanisius.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1046 | views : 687


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Humaniora

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


web counter View My Stats