The Imbalance Attitude of the Journalists in Six Chemical Castration Texts: An SFLCritical Discourse Analysis

Mustofa Kamal(1*), Riyadi Santosa(2), Djatmika Djatmika(3)

(1) Sebelas Maret University
(2) Sebelas Maret University
(3) Sebelas Maret University
(*) Corresponding Author


This research investigates how journalists behave in texts. The analysis focuses on the exploitation of attitudinal lexis. This is qualitatively explored through attitude and graduation. The data sources were columns of news, taken from an online version of The Jakarta Post on June sixth 2016. Having been selected using criterion-based sampling technique, the sources of data resulted in six chemical castration texts. The procedure of investigation consists of domain, taxonomic, componential, and cultural value analysis. The result shows that journalists are relatively subjective in reporting news by unbalancing the pros and cons, relatively inconsistent in work from delivering news to criticizing government officials, and relatively provocative by up-scaling critical evaluations against the government policy on sex offenders.


attitude; graduation; chemical castration; journalists; evaluations

Full Text:



Amindoni, A. (2016, May 25). Govt issues perppu on sexual violence against children. The Jakarta Post. Retrieved on 6 June 2016, from

Applegate, E. (1996). Print and Broadcast Journalism. Connecticut: Praeger.

Bromley, M. & O’Mallley, T. (1997). Journalism Reader. London: Routledge.

Chapman, J. L. & Nuttal, N. (2011). Journalism Today: A Themed History. West Sussex: Wiley-Blackwell.

Halim, H. & Ramadhani, N. F. (2016, May 26). Castration for rapists of kids. The Jakarta Post. Retrieved on 6 June 2016, from

Herbert, J. (2001). Practicing Global Journalism: Exploring Reporting Issues Worldwide. Oxford: Focal Press.

Horarik, M. M., Sandiford, C., Love, K., & Unsworth, L. (2015). New ways of working ‘with grammar in mind’ in school english: Insights from systemic functional grammatics. Linguistics and Education, 31, 145-158.

Maras, S. (2013). Objectivity in Journalism. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Martin, J. R. & White, P. R. R. (2005). The Language of Evaluation: Appraisal in English. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Martin, J. R. & Rose, D. (2007). Working with Discourse: Meaning beyond The Clause. London and New York: Continuum.

Moore, J. & Schleppegrell, M. J. (2014). Using a functional linguistics metalanguage to support academic language development in the english language arts. Linguistics and Education, 26, 92-105.

O’Hallaron, C. L., Palincsar, A. S. & Schleppegrell, M. J. (2015). Reading science: Using systemic functional linguistics to support critical language awareness. Linguistics and Education, 32, 55-67.

Santosa, R. (2003). Semiotika Sosial. Surabaya: Pustaka Eureka dan JP Press.

Santosa, R.(2014). Metode Penelitian Kualitatif Kebahasaan. Surakarta: UNS Press.

Santosa, R.,Priyanto, A. D., Nuraeni, A. & Dzakiria, H. (2016). The language of mass street protests in indonesia. Advanced Science Letters, 22(12), 4393-4396.

Santosa, R., Priyanto, A. D. & Nuraeni, A. (2014). Genre and register of antagonist’s language in media: An appraisal study of indonesian newspapers. Kata: The Study of Language and Literature, 16, 23-36.

Spradley, J. P. (1980). Participant Observation. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston Inc.

Sundaryani, F S. (2015, October 31). Chemical castration ‘would violate human rights of sex offenders’. The Jakarta Post. Retrieved on 6 June 2016, from

Team, T. J. P. (2015, October 21). Minister supports castration for child sex offenders. The Jakarta Post. Retrieved on 6 June 2016, from

Team, T. J. P. (2015, December 19). Chemical castration may lead to sadistic personality: Psychologist. The Jakarta Post. Retrieved on 6 June 2016, from

Yasuda, S. (2014). Exploring changes in fl writers’ meaning-making choices in summary writing: A systemic functional approach. Journal of Second Language Writing, 27, 105-121.

Yosephine, L. (2016, May 24). Proposed chemical castration debate continues. The Jakarta Post. Retrievedon 6 June 2016, from


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 3630 | views : 3535


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Humaniora

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

free web stats Web Stats

ISSN 2302-9269 (online); ISSN 0852-0801 (print)
Copyright © 2022 Humaniora, Office of Journal & Publishing, Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada