Aris Munandar(1*)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author


Social/interpersonal context plays an important role in shaping the meaning of an utterance. Social context is, strictly speaking, extralinguistic (Lakoff, 1972: 911). Lakoff argues that “one must be able to refer to assumptions about the social context of an utterance, as well as to other implicit assumptions made by the participants in a discourse” (907). Regarding the complexity and changeable characteristic of social context, one should never take for granted that one rule of communication can apply in all situations. A communication under a special condition requires different rule application; something that is polite in normal context may become rude in a special context. Failure to observe the social context leads to a communication failure such as misinterpretation and offense. Therefore, one must excercise his/her sensitivenes even to the slightest change in the social context in order to make the communication succesful.

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Johnstone, Barbara and William M. Marcellino, 2010. “Dell Hymes and the Ethnography of Communication”, The Sage Handbook of SociolinguisticsCarnegie Mellon University. (available at http://repository.cmu.edu)

Lakoff, Robin. 1972. Language in Context. Language, Vol 48, No. 4, pp. 907-927.

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“Pernyataan Resmi MUI: Ahok Menghina al-Qur’an dan Ulama” - http://www.voa-islam.com/read/opini/2016/10/11/46672/pernyataan-resmi-mui-ahok-menghina-alquran-dan-ulama/#sthash.a7OAajeX.dpuf

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jh.22272

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