Psychometric Properties of Self-Report Questionnaire-20 (SRQ-20) Indonesian Version

Clement Eko Prasetio, Airin Triwahyuni, Ahmad Gimmy Prathama
(Submitted 14 October 2021)
(Published 25 April 2022)


The prevalence of mental disorders experienced by the global community, including in Indonesia, is increasing steadily. It is thus necessary to have a time-efficient and valid screening measuring tool as a basis to provide appropriate treatment to mental disorders. The Self-Report Questionnaire-20 (SRQ-20) is a screening tool that is often used in Indonesia to identify mental disorder symptoms. However there is limited study that has attempted to discover the SRQ-20 factors and conducted a construct validity test on them. The purpose of this study was to investigate factors and test the construct validity of SRQ-20 developed by the World Health Organization (WHO). There were 674 students involved in the study. Exploratory factor analysis was used to discover the factors. Evidence based on internal structure using a confirmatory factor analysis was also collected. Findings revealed five factors for the SRQ-20, these are energy, cognitive, depression, physiological, and anxiety. The five factor model is an alternative for classifying symptoms on the SRQ-20. This way, symptoms on the SRQ-20 can be grouped into five factors, of which can assist clinicians take more appropriate and faster action. Findings also revealed, however, that the construct validity of the five factor model needs is less than the one factor model. Therefore, for further research, using a wider population to check the stability of structure across developmental age. SRQ-20 could also be compared with the gold standard measurement to get a predictive validity.

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.22146/jpsi.69782


Ali, G.-C., Ryan, G., & De Silva, M. J. (2016). Validated Screening Tools for Common Mental Disorders in Low and Middle Income Countries: A Systematic Review. PLOS ONE, 11(6), e0156939.

American Educational Research Association, American Psychological Association, & National Council on Measurement Education. (2014). Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing. American Educational Research Association.

American College Health Association. (2018). American College Health Association-National College Health Assessment II: Reference Group Executive Summary Spring 2018. American College Health Association.

Angela. (2018). “Strategi Coping sebagai Mediator dalam Pengaruh Stres terhadap Kesehatan Mental Mahasiswa Universitas Padjadjaran. Universitas Padjadjaran.

Auerbach, R. P., Mortier, P., Bruffaerts, R., Alonso, J., Benjet, C., Cuijpers, P., Demyttenaere, K., Ebert, D. D., Green, J. G., Hasking, P., Murray, E., Nock, M. K., Pinder-Amaker, S., Sampson, N. A., Stein, D. J., Vilagut, G., Zaslavsky, A. M., & Kessler, R. C. (2018). WHO world mental health surveys international college student project: Prevalence and distribution of mental disorders. Journal of Abnormal Psychology.

Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan. (2013). Riset Kesehatan Dasar (RISKESDAS) 2013. Laporan Nasional 2013, 1–384. Desember 2013

Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan. (2018). Riset Kesehatan Dasar Indonesia (Riskesdas) 2018. Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia.

Chen, S., Zhao, G., Li, L., Wang, Y., Chiu, H., & Caine, E. (2009). Psychometric properties of the Chinese Version of the Self-Reporting Questionnaire 20 (SRQ-20) in community settings. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 55(6), 538–547.

Gani, A., & Budiharsana, M. P. (2018). The Consolidated Report on Indonesia Health Sector Review 2018. Kementerian PPN/Bappenas.

Ganihartono, I. (1995). Psychiatric Morbidity among Patients attending the Bangetayu Community Health centre in Indonesia. University of Western Australia.

Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., Anderson, R. E., & Tatham, R. L. (2019). Multivariate Data Analysis (8th ed.). Cengage Learning.

Iacoponi, E., & Mari, J. D. J. (1988). Reliability and Factor Structure of The Portuguese Version of Self-Reporting Questionnaire. The Internacional Journal of Social Psychiatry, 35, 213–222.

Idaiani, S., Sapardin, A. N., & Sulistiowati, E. (2015). Gambaran Kohor 2011-2013 Gangguan Mental Emosional Berdasarkan SRQ-20 pada Penduduk Kelurahan Kebon Kalapa Bogor. Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan, 43(4), 273–278.

Idaiani, S., Suhardi, S., & Kristanto, A. Y. (2009). Analisis Gejala Gangguan Mental Emosional Penduduk Indonesia. Journal Kedokteran Indonesia, 59(10), 473–479.

Karin, P. A. E. S. (2017). Gambaran Tingkat Depresi Pada Mahasiswa Tingkat Pertama Program Studi Ilmu Keperawatan Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana (Vol. 01) [Universitas Udayana].

Kearney, C. A., & Trull, T. J. (2018). Abnormal Psychology and Life: A Dimensional Approach (3rd ed.). Cengage Learning.

Kootbodien, T., Becker, P., Naicker, N., & Mathee, A. (2015). Gender invariance of the Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20). South African Journal of Psychology, 45(3), 318–331.

Marthoenis, Meutia, I., Fathiariani, L., & Sofyan, H. (2018). Prevalence of depression and anxiety among college students living in a disaster-prone region. Alexandria Journal of Medicine, 54(4), 337–340.

Netsereab, T. B., Kifle, M. M., Tesfagiorgis, R. B., Habteab, S. G., Weldeabzgi, Y. K., & Tesfamariam, O. Z. (2018). Validation of the WHO self-reporting questionnaire-20 (SRQ-20) item in primary health care settings in Eritrea 11 Medical and Health Sciences 1117 Public Health and Health Services. International Journal of Mental Health Systems, 12(1), 1–9.

Oltmanns, T. F., & Emery, R. E. (2019). Abnormal Psychology (9th ed.). Pearson.

Peterson, R. A., & Kim, Y. (2013). On The Relationship Between Coefficient Alpha and Composite Reliability. Journal of Applied Psychology, 98(1), 194–198.

Prasetio, C. E., Rahman, T. A., & Triwahyuni, A. (2019). Gangguan Mental Emosional dan Kesepian pada Mahasiswa Baru. Mediapsi, 5(2), 97–107.

Sartono, T. S. (2010). Studi Awal Validasi Self Reporting Questionnaire 20 Versi Bahasa Indonesia Sebagai Instrumen Penapisan Gangguan Kesehatan Mental Pekerja. Universitas Indonesia.

Siceloff, E. R., Bradley, W. J., & Flory, K. (2017). Universal Behavioral/Emotional Health Screening in Schools: Overview and Feasibility. Report on Emotional & Behavioral Disorders in Youth, 17(2), 32–38

Scholte, W. F., Verduin, F., Van Lammeren, A., Rutayisire, T., & Kamperman, A. M. (2011). Psychometric properties and longitudinal validation of the self-reporting questionnaire (SRQ-20) in a Rwandan community setting: a validation study. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 11.

Stratton, K. J., Aggen, S. H., Richardson, L. K., Acierno, R., Kilpatrick, D. G., Gaboury, M. T., Tran, T. L., Trung, L. T., Tam, N. T., Tuan, T., Buoi, L. T., Ha, T. T., Thach, T. D., & Amstadter, A. B. (2013). Evaluation of the psychometric properties of the Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20) in a sample of Vietnamese adults. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 54(4), 398–405.

Taylor, S. E. (2015). Health Psychology (9th ed., Vol. 53). Mc Graw Hii Education.

Triwahyuni, A., & Prasetio, C. E. (2021). Gangguan Psikologis dan Kesejahteraan Psikologis pada Mahasiswa Baru. Psikologika: Jurnal Pemikiran Dan Penelitian Psikologi, 26(1), 35–56.

Westhuizen, C. van der, Wyatt, G., Williams, J. K., Stein, D. J., & Sorsdahl, K. (2016). Validation of the Self Reporting Questionnaire 20-item (SRQ-20) for Use in a Low- and Middle-Income Country Emergency Centre Setting. International Journal of Mental Health Addict, 14(1), 37–48.

WHO. (1994). A User’s Guide to The Self-Report Questionnaire (SRQ). World Health Organization.

World Health Organization. (2017). Depression and Other Common Mental Disorders: Global Health Estimates.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Jurnal Psikologi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.