“Urip Iku Mung Mampir Ngombe”; Konsep Kebahagiaan Masyarakat Miskin Pesisir Yogyakarta di Era Industrialisasi

Casmini Casmini, Fauzan Anwar Sandiah

Abstract


The study aimed to explore the concept of happiness of the coastal poor in Java. It was conducted using grounded approach through interviewing the poor in coastal D.I. Yogyakarta. Research subjects came from six different coastal areas; Parangtritis, Samas, Baru, Goa Cemara, Kuwaru, and Pandansari. This study used narrative content analysis for four aspects of the discourse that originated from 16 research subjects with the background of farmers, laborers, traders and fishermen; (1) a happy experience, (2) sad or risky experience, (3) sources of happiness, (4) individual interpretation of coastal environment conditions. The results showed that the concept of happiness was strongly associated with the fulfillment of physiological needs and social needs. "Urip iku mung mung mampir ngombe" (life is only a while) was the main narrative that described the concept of happiness as a subsistent strategy that became the foundation of the psychological welfare of coastal communities.

Keywords


coastal poor communities; concept happiness; the concept of psychological well-being

References


Adams, R. E. (1992). Is happiness a home in the suburbs?: The influence of urban versus suburban neighborhoods on psychological health. Journal of Community Psychology, 20(4), 353-372. doi: 10.1002/1520-6629(199210)20:4<353::AID-JCOP2290200409>3.0.CO;2-Z

Amato, P. R., & Zuo, J. (1992). Rural pover­ty, urban poverty, and psychological well‐being. The Sociological Quarterly, 33(2), 229-240. doi:10.1111/j.1533-8525.1992.tb00373.x

Balthip, Q., & Purnell, M.J. (2014). Pursuing meaning and purpose in life among Thai adolescents living with HIV: A grounded theory studi. Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Cara, 25(4),e27-e38. doi:10.1016/j.jana.2014.03.004.

Bartolini, S., & Bilancini, E. (2010). If not only GDP, what else? Using relational goods to predict the trends of subjective well-being. International Review of Economy, 57(2), 199-213

Bastaman, H.P. (2000). Logoterapi dan Islam sejalankah dalam metodologi psikologi Islam . Yogyakarta: Kanisius

Berger-Schmitt, R. (2002). Considering social cohesion in quality of life assessments: Concept and measure­ment. Social Indicators Research. 58(1), 403-428. 

Berry, B. J., & Okulicz-Kozaryn, A. (2011). An urban-rural happiness gradient. Urban geography, 32(6), 871-883. doi:10.2747/0272-3638.32.6.871

Bruscaglioni, L., Cellini, E., & Saracino, B. (2015). Life on social housing estates: Studying housing quality with an ethnographic approach. In ANew Research Agenda for Improvements in Quality of Life (pp. 37-59). Springer, Cham

Casmini. (2016). Kepribadian sehat ala Jawa. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Davey, G., Chen, Z., & Lau, A. (2009). ‘Peace in a thatched hut—that is happiness’: subjective wellbeing among peasants in rural China. Journal of Happiness Studies, 10(2), 239-252.

Diener, E. D., Oishi, S., & Lucas, R.E. (2002). Personality, culture, and subjective well-being: Emotional and cognitive evaluations of life, Journal Annual review of psychology, 54(1), 403-425, doi:10.1146/annurev.psych.54.101601.145056

Diener, R. B., E. Diener, & M. Tamir. (2004). The psychology of subjective well being. Daedalus, 133(2), 18-25. doi:10.1162/001152604323049352

Diener, E., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2004). Beyond money, toward an economy of well-being. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 5(1), 1–31. doi:10.1111/j.0963-7214.2004.00501001.x

Eriksson, M., & Emmelin, M. (2013). What constitutes a health-enabling neigh­borhood? A grounded theory situational analysis addressing the significance of social capital and gender. Social Science & Medicine, 97, 112-123. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2013.08.008

Freund, M. (1985). Toward a critical theory of happiness: Philoshopical back­ground and methodological signifi­cance. New Ideas in Psychology, 3(1), 3-12. doi:10.1016/0732-118X(85)90044-3

Helliwell, J. F., & R. D. Putnam. (2004). The social context of well-being. Philoso­phical transactions: Biological sciences. The science of well-being: Integrating neurobiology. Psychology and Social Science, 359(1449), 1436-1446. 

Kesebir, P., dan E. Diener. (2008). In pursuit of happiness: Empirical answers to philosophical questions. Perspectives on Psychological Science. 3(2), 117-125.

Knight, J., & Gunatilaka, R. (2010a). Great expectations? the subjective well-being of rural–urban migrants in China. World Development, 38(1), 113-124. doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2009.03.002

Knight, J., & Gunatilaka, R. (2010b). The rural–urban divide in China: Income but not happiness?. The Journal of Development Studies, 46(3), 506-534. doi:10.1080/00220380903012763

Landiyanto, E. A., Ling, M.J., Puspitasari, & Irianti, S.E., (2011). Wealth and happiness: Empirical evidence from Indonesia. Chulalongkron Journal of Economics. 23(1), 1-17.

Liltsi, P., Michailidis, A., & Partalidou, M., (2014). Mapping perceived happiness alongside the rural urban continuum. Procedia Economics and Finance, 9, 288 – 301. doi:10.1016/S2212-5671(14)00030-6

Lopez, S. J., & Snyder, C. R. (2007). Positive psychology the scientific and practical explorations of human strengths. Kansas: Sage Publication.

Wei, L. & Gao, F. (2017). Social media, social integration and subjective well-being among new urban migrants in China. Telematics and Informatics, 34(3), 786-796, doi:10.1016/j.tele.2016.05.017

Maggino, F., (2015), Subjective well-being and subjective aspects of well-being: Methodology and theory, Rivista Internazionale di Scienze Sociali, 128(1), 89-121, https://EconPapers.repec.org/ RePEc:vep:journl:y:2015:v:128:i:1:p:89-121.

Matsunaga, M., Kawamichi, H., Koike, T., Yoshihara, K., Yoshida, Y., Takahashi, H. K., & Sadato, N. (2016). Structural and functional associations of the rostral anterior cingulate cortex with subjective happiness. NeuroImage, 134, 132-141.

Michalos, A. C. (1983). Satisfaction and happiness in a rural northern resource community. Social Indicators Research, 13(3), 225-252

Panadero, S., Guillén, A.I.,Vázquez, J.J. (2015). Happiness on the street: Overall happiness among homeless people in Madrid (Spain). American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 85(4), 324-330.

Paralkar, S., Cloutier, S., Nautiyal, S., & Mitra, R. (2017). The sustainable neighborhoods for happiness (SNfH) decision tool: Assessing neighborhood level sustainability and happiness. Ecological Indicators, 74(9), 10-18.

Purnamasari, W. D., Setyono, D. A., & Dayana, I. (2016). Figuring the happiness of poor communities in Malang city: measuring the outcome of slum and squatter areas. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 227, 521-529.

Rabahi, M., Yusof, H., & Awang, M. (2015). Leading learning: A grounded theory perspective of orang asli parental involvement and engage­ment. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 211, 94-103. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.11.015.

Ribeiro, L.L. & Marinho, E.L.L., (2017). Gross national happiness in Brazil: An analysis of its determinants. EconomiA, 18(2), 156-167, doi: 10.1016/j.econ.2016.07.002

Richards, L., & Paskov, M. (2016). Social class, employment status and inequality in psychological well-being in the UK: Cross-sectional and fixed effects analyses over two decades. Social Science & Medicine, 167, 45-53. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.08.042

Thériault, L., Leclerc, A., Wisniewski, A. E., Chouinard, O., & Martin, G. (2010). "Not just an apartment building": residents' quality of life in a social housing co-operative. Canadian Journal of Nonprofit and Social Economy Research1(1), 82.

Schimmack, U. (2008). The structure of subjective well-being. In M. Eid & R. J. Larsen (Eds.), The science of subjective well-being. 97-123. New York, NY, US: Guilford Press.

Seligman, M. (2002). Authentic happiness: Using the new positive psychology to realize your potential for lasting fulfillment. New York: Free Press.

Sohn, K. (2010). Considering happiness for economic development: Determinants of happiness in Indonesia. KIEP Working Paper. 10(9), 1-61. doi:10.2139/ssrn.2489785

Stets, J.E. & Trettvik, R. (2016). Happiness and identities. Social Science Research, 58, 1-13, doi:10.1016/j.ssresearch.2016.04.011

Suiyerkul, B., & Chakyroglu, A. K. (2014). Representation of the concepts “happiness & unhappiness” in the Kazakh proverbs and sayings. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 136, 129-132. doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.05.302

Williams, L., Bannister, C., Arribas-Ayllon, M., Preece, A., & Spasić, I. (2015). The role of idioms in sentiment analysis. Expert Systems with Applications, 42(21), 7375-7385. doi:10.1016/j.eswa.2015.05.039

White, N.P. (2006). A brief history of happiness. New York: Blackwell Publishing.


Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.22146/jpsi.22732

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Psikologi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.