Synthesis and Application of Zinc Layered Hydroxide: A Short Review

Norhayati Hahsim(1*), Zuhailimuna Muda(2), Illyas Md Isa(3), Norlaili Abu Bakar(4), Wan Rusmawati Wan Mahamod(5), Noorshida Mohd Ali(6), Sharifah Norain Mohd Sharif(7), Maizatul Najwa Jajuli(8), Syazwan Afif Mohd Zobir(9), Suyanta Suyanta(10)

(1) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia; Nanotechnology Research Centre, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
(2) Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Dato' Dol Said, 78000 Alor Gajah, Melaka, Malaysia
(3) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia; Nanotechnology Research Centre, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
(4) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
(5) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
(6) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia; Nanotechnology Research Centre, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
(7) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia; Nanotechnology Research Centre, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
(8) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia; Nanotechnology Research Centre, Faculty of Science and Mathematics, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
(9) Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
(10) Department of Chemistry Education, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Jl. Colombo No. 1, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


Zinc Layered hydroxide (ZLH) is a layered material easily synthesized with a structure identical to brucite-like material. Due to the exchangeable anions in the interlayer compensating for the positive charge of a brucite-type layer, ZLH provides a wide application in many fields. This review focuses on the properties and method of synthesis of ZLH by giving an overview of intercalated guest anion in the interlayer of ZLH. The further discussion involved the application of intercalated guest anion in zinc layered hydroxide layer and its properties as a sensitizer, controlled release biomedical, and agriculture to provide the scientific community for research and development by giving current findings. This brief review also presents the success of anion intercalation for controlled release along with the kinetic model involved, which increases the bioavailability and effectiveness of the nanocomposite on its target. It shows the development of research on ZLH nanocomposites toward the sustainability of human life and the environment. This study implies that it is a source of knowledge for researchers about zinc-layered hydroxide materials involving synthesis methods and their application to produce more beneficial nanomaterials.


zinc layered hydroxide; synthesis; intercalation; nanocomposite

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