Carbon/Alginate/Chitosan Composite as a Sorbent for Solid-Phase Extraction and Preconcentration of Cu(II)

Ahmad Akhib Ainul Yaqin(1), Suherman Suherman(2), Mudasir Mudasir(3), Dwi Siswanta(4*)

(1) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(2) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(3) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(4) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


Carbon/Alginate/Chitosan Composite (CAC) as a sorbent for solid-phase extraction of Cu(II) (pre-concentration) with atomic absorption spectrometry for analysis was successfully prepared. The sorbent was made with a mass ratio of chitosan:alginate:carbon = 1:1:1. CAC sorbents were characterized using FTIR for functional group analysis while SEM-EDX characterization was performed to determine surface morphology and percentage of elements. SPE parameters were optimized for adsorption-desorption efficiency under various conditions, i.e. of pH 5, Cu(II) concentration of 4 mg/L, the flow rate of Cu(II), and Na2EDTA eluent at 5 mL/min, the volume of Cu(II) sample and Na2EDTA eluent 25 mL and 1.0 M of Na2EDTA eluent concentration. Applying CAC-based SPE for Cu(II) analysis in water samples at optimum conditions gave 80.9–83.6% recovery. In bottled drinking water samples, a pre-concentration factor of 2.5–5 times was obtained, and the Cu(II) concentration of 0.017–0.020 mg/L was detected.


alginate; chitosan; solid-phase extraction; preconcentration; Cu(II)

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