Fabrication of Alginate-Based Electrospun Nanofibers for Carbon Dioxide Removal

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.67349

Adhitasari Suratman(1*), Desi Nur Astuti(2), Ryan Jonathan(3), Agus Kuncaka(4), Yusril Yusuf(5)

(1) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(2) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(3) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(4) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(5) Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


A fabrication of eco-friendly and low-cost adsorbent materials is reported for CO2 removal. Alginate nanofibers (NFs) adsorbents were prepared by incorporating poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) into alginate solutions via electrospinning technique from alginate biopolymers. Smooth-surfaced Alg/PVA NFs were obtained with a specific surface area of 9.197 m2 g–1. Zeolite (Z) was impregnated into polymer solutions to enhance the properties and performances of alginate nanofibers. Alg/PVA/Z NFs appeared to be rougher with a specific surface area of 25.998 m2 g–1. Both adsorbents offered great potential for CO2 adsorbent in the future. The adsorption isotherms of Alg/PVA NFs followed the Langmuir model with optimum CO2 adsorption capacity of 3.286 mmol g–1 and  Alg/PVA/Z NFs followed Dubinin-Radushkevich model with optimum CO2 adsorption capacity of 10.710 mmol g–1.


Keywords


electrospinning; nanofibers; alginate; poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA); zeolites; carbon dioxide



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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.67349

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