Fabrication of Chitosan/Fe3O4 Nanocomposite as Adsorbent for Reduction Methylene Blue Contents


La Harimu(1*), Sri Wahyuni(2), Nasrudin Nasrudin(3), Muhamad Jalil Baari(4), Dian Permana(5)

(1) Department of Chemistry Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Halu Oleo, Jl. Kampus Hijau Bumi Tridharma, Anduonou, Kendari 93132, Indonesia
(2) Department of Chemistry Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Halu Oleo, Jl. Kampus Hijau Bumi Tridharma, Anduonou, Kendari 93132, Indonesia
(3) Department of Chemistry Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Halu Oleo, Jl. Kampus Hijau Bumi Tridharma, Anduonou, Kendari 93132, Indonesia
(4) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka, Jl. Pemuda, Kolaka 93511, Indonesia
(5) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka, Jl. Pemuda, Kolaka 93511, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


Methylene blue (MB) is a dye in wastewater from textile industries that pollutes the water environment. Reduction of its content is necessary for protecting humans and the surrounding environment. This study fabricated chitosan/Fe3O4 nanocomposite through the mixture of chitosan from crab shell waste and magnetite (Fe3O4) from local sand iron with sodium tripolyphosphate (STPP)-sulfate crosslinker as an adsorbent to reduce methylene blue content. The obtained composite was characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) Spectrophotometer and X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) instrument. The contents of methylene blue before and after applying adsorbent-based nanocomposite were determined using an ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectrophotometer. FTIR characterization results show that chitosan and chitosan/Fe3O4 nanocomposite had successfully synthesized based on the typical vibrational peaks. The deacetylation degree of chitosan was 69.79%. Fe3O4, and chitosan/Fe3O4 nanocomposite, were confirmed by XRD patterns. The chitosan/Fe3O4 nanocomposite adsorption capacity reached 45.37 mg/g when adsorption occurred with 20 mg adsorbent, pH 9, and contact time of 1.5 h. Hence, the chitosan/Fe3O4 nanocomposite in this study has potency and is applicable to adsorb MB effectively.


adsorption; adsorbent; chitosan-magnetite nanocomposite; methylene blue

Full Text:

Full Text PDF


[1] Pathania, D., Sharma, S., and Singh, P., 2017, Removal of methylene blue by adsorption onto activated carbon developed from Ficus carica bast, Arabian J. Chem., 10, S1445–S1451.

[2] Pandey, S., Do, J.Y., Kim, J., and Kang, M., 2020, Fast and highly efficient removal of dye from aqueous solution using natural locust bean gum based hydrogels as adsorbent, Int. J. Biol. Macromol., 143, 60–75.

[3] Ishmaturrahmi, I., Rahmi, R., and Mustafa, I., 2019, The influence of Fe3O4 on magnetic chitosan composite preparation for methylene blue removal from water, IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng., 523, 012020.

[4] Vezentsev, A.I., Thuy, D.M., Goldovskaya-Peristaya, L.F., and Glukhareva, N.A., 2018, Adsorption of methylene blue on the composite sorbent based on bentonite-like clay and hydroxyapatite, Indones. J. Chem., 18 (4), 733–741.

[5] Haldorai, Y., Kharismadewi, D., Tuma, D., and Shim, J.J., 2015, Properties of chitosan/magnetite nanoparticles composites for efficient dye adsorption and antibacterial agent, Korean J. Chem. Eng., 32 (8), 1688–1693.

[6] Zhang, C., Dai, Y., Wu, Y., Lu, G., Cao, Z., Cheng, J., Wang, K., Yang, H., Xia, Y., Wen, X., Ma, W., Liu, C., and Wang, Z., 2020, Facile preparation of polyacrylamide/chitosan/Fe3O4 composite hydrogels for effective removal of methylene blue from aqueous solution, Carbohydr. Polym., 234, 115882.

[7] Harimu, L., Rudi, L., Haetami, A., Santoso, G.A.P., and Asriyanti, 2019, Studi variasi konsentrasi NaOH dan H2SO4 untuk memurnikan silika dari abu sekam padi sebagai adsorben ion logam Pb2+ dan Cu2+, Indo. J. Chem. Res., 6 (2), 81–87.

[8] Harimu, L., Haeruddin, Baari, M.J., and Sutapa, I.W., 2020, Effectiveness of reducing cyanide levels in the Dioscorea hispida Dennst bulbs through soaking in seawater and interaction with ash scrub, J. Phys.: Conf. Ser., 1463, 012013.

[9] Esmizadeh, E., Tanzifi, M., Bazgir, H., Nazari, A., and Vahidifar, A., 2019, Adsorption of methylene blue dye from aqueous solution using polyaniline/xanthan gum nanocomposite: kinetic and isotherm studies, J. Polym. Compos., 7 (1), 17–26.

[10] Nakamoto, K., and Kobayashi, T., 2017, Fibrous mordenite zeolite - polymer composite adsorbents to methylene blue dye, Int. J. Eng. Res. Technol., 7 (12), 131–136.

[11] Budnyak, T.M., Aminzadeh, S., Pylypchuk, I.V., Sternik, D., Tertykh, V.A., Lindström, M.E., and Sevastyanova, O., 2018, Methylene blue dye sorption by hybrid materials from technical lignins, J. Environ. Chem. Eng., 6 (4), 4997–5007.

[12] Bulut, Y., and Karaer, H., 2015, Adsorption of methylene blue from aqueous solution by cross-linked chitosan/bentonite composite, J. Dispersion Sci. Technol., 36 (1), 61–67.

[13] Kellner-Rogers, J.S., Taylor, J.K., Masud, A.M., Aich, N., and Pinto, A.H., 2019, Kinetic and thermodynamic study of methylene blue adsorption onto chitosan: Insights about metachromasy occurrence on wastewater remediation, Energy Ecol. Environ., 4 (3), 85–102.

[14] Zainol Abidin, N.A., Kormin, F., Zainol Abidin, N.A., Mohamed Anuar, N.A., and Abu Bakar, M.F., 2020, The potential of insects as alternative sources of chitin: An overview on the chemical method of extraction from various sources, Int. J. Mol. Sci., 21 (14), 4978.

[15] Rahmi, Fathurrahmi, Lelifajri, and PurnamaWati, F., 2019, Preparation of magnetic chitosan using local iron sand for mercury removal, Heliyon, 5 (5), e01731.

[16] Dimonie, D., Dima, S.O., and Petrache, M., 2013, Influence of centrifugation on the molecular parameters of chitosan solubilized in weakly acidic aqueous solutions, Dig. J. Nanomater. Biostruct., 8 (4), 1799–1809.

[17] Szymańska, E., and Winnicka, K., 2015, Stability of chitosan - A challenge for pharmaceutical and biomedical applications, Mar. Drugs, 13 (4), 1819–1846.

[18] Arami, H., Stephen, Z., Veiseh, O., and Zhang, M., 2011, "Chitosan-Coated Iron Oxide Nanoparticles for Molecular Imaging and Drug Delivery" in Chitosan for Biomaterials I. Advances in Polymer Science, Eds. Jayakumar, R., Prabaharan, M., and Muzzarelli, R., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, vol. 243, 163–184.

[19] Tran, H.V., Tran, L.D., and Nguyen, T.N., 2010, Preparation of chitosan/magnetite composite beads and their application for removal of Pb(II) and Ni(II) from aqueous solution, Mater. Sci. Eng., C, 30 (2), 304–310.

[20] Domszy, J.G., and Roberts, G.A.F., 1985, Evaluation of infrared spectroscopic techniques for analysing chitosan, Makromol. Chem., 186 (8), 1671–1677.

[21] Udoetok, I.A., Wilson, L.D., and Headley, J.V., 2016, Self-assembled and cross-linked animal and plant-based polysaccharides: chitosan–cellulose composites and their anion uptake properties, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 8 (48), 33197–33209.

[22] Wulandari, I.O., Mardila, V.T., Santjojo, D.J.D.H., and Sabarudin, A., 2018, Preparation and characterization of chitosan-coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles using ex-situ co-precipitation method and tripolyphosphate/sulphate as dual crosslinkers, IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng., 299, 012064.

[23] Saranya, T., Parasuraman, K., Anbarasu, M., and Balamurugan, K., 2015, XRD, FTIR and SEM study of magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles prepared by hydrothermal method, Nano Vision, 5 (4-6), 149–154.

[24] Zepeda, A.M., Gonzalez, D., Heredia, L.G., Marquez, K., Perez, C., Pena, E., Flores, K., Valdes, C., Eubanks, T.M., Parsons, J.G., and Cantu, J., 2018, Removal of Cu2+ and Ni2+ from aqueous solution using SnO2 nanomaterial effect of: pH, time, temperature, interfering cations, Microchem. J., 141, 188–196.

[25] Asgari, S., Fakhari, Z., and Berijani, S., 2014, Synthesis and characterization of Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles coated with carboxymethyl chitosan grafted sodium methacrylate, J. Nanostruct., 4 (1), 55–63.

[26] Monier, M., and Abdel-Latif, D.A., 2013, Modification and characterization of PET fibers for fast removal of Hg(II), Cu(II) and Co(II) metal ions from aqueous solutions, J. Hazard. Mater., 250-251, 122–30.

[27] Zhang, J., Zhang, Y., Lei, Y., and Pan, C., 2011, Photocatalytic and degradation mechanisms of anatase TiO2: A HRTEM study, Catal. Sci. Technol., 1 (2), 273–278.

[28] Kuang, Y., Zhang, X., and Zhou, S., 2020, Adsorption of methylene blue in water onto activated carbon by surfactant modification, water, 12 (2), 587.

[29] Jain, N., Dwivedi, M.K., and Waskle, A., 2016, Adsorption of methylene blue dye from industrial effluents using coal fly ash, Int. J. Adv. Eng. Res. Sci., 3 (4), 9–16.

[30] Harimu, L., Matsjeh, S., Siswanta, D., and Santosa, S.J., 2010, Separation of Fe(III), Cr(III), Cu(II), Ni(II), Co(II), and Pb(II) metal ions using poly(eugenyl oxyacetic acid) as an ion carrier by a liquid membrane transport method, Indones. J. Chem., 10 (1), 69–74.

[31] Boukhemkhem, A., and Rida, K., 2017, Improvement adsorption capacity of methylene blue onto modified Tamazert kaolin, Adsorpt. Sci. Technol., 35 (9-10), 753–773.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.65430

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2915 | views : 2687

Copyright (c) 2022 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Indonesian Journal of Chemistry (ISSN 1411-9420 /e-ISSN 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Analytics View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.