Comparative Mass Transfer Study of Basic and Acid Magenta Adsorption onto Natural Clay

Radia Yous(1), Hakima Cherifi(2), Razika Khalladi(3*)

(1) Laboratoire des Biomatériaux et des Phénomènes de Transferts LBPT, Université de Médéa, Médéa, 26000, Algérie
(2) Laboratoire des Biomatériaux et des Phénomènes de Transferts LBPT, Université de Médéa, Médéa, 26000, Algérie
(3) Laboratoire des Matériaux et Environnement LME. Université de Médéa, Médéa, 26000, Algérie
(*) Corresponding Author


In this work a comparative study of basic and acid magenta sorption on Algerian natural untreated clay was investigated using theoretical models for the following conditions C0(BM) = 200 mg/L, C0(AM) = 150 mg/L, V = 500 mL, CB(BM) = 1g/L, T = 22 °C. Adsorption mechanism of both dyes based on an intraparticle diffusion, external mass transfer, and kinetic models was examined. Statistical error functions regression coefficient (R2), the root mean square error (RMSE) and the average relative error deviation ARED were used to estimate the deviation between experimental and theoretical values. This work indicated that the experimental results obtained for both dyes fitted well the chosen models in the following order: External model of Boyd < Kinetic model < Urano and Tachikawa model < External model of Weber and Morris ≤ Weber and Morris internal diffusion model. However, the calculated values of Biot number are 32.31 and 69.33 for acid magenta and basic magenta respectively, indicating that the adsorption of both dyes onto the same clay is initially controlled by external film diffusion at the first ten minutes. The adsorption capacity of the tested clay for both dyes is remarkable compared to other natural adsorbents. Where the best results were obtained for basic magenta (qexp = 198.028 mg g–1, R2 = 0.992, ARED = 0.128 and RMSE = 0.461).


adsorption; intraparticle diffusion; dyes; montmorillonite; mass transfer

Full Text:

Full Text PDF


[1] Ben Mansour, H., Boughzala, O., Dridi, D., Barillier, D., Chekir-Ghedira, L., and Mosrati, R., 2011, Les colorants textiles sources de contamination de l’eau: CRIBLAGE de la toxicité et des méthodes de traitement, Rev. Sci. Eau, 24 (3), 209–238.

[2] Shanmugam, D., and Murugappan, A., 2016, Adsorption of basic magenta using fresh water algae and brown marine seaweed: Characterization studies and error analysis, J. Eng. Sci. Technol., 11 (10), 1421–1436.

[3] Sivarajasekar, N., and Baskar, R., 2014, Adsorption of basic magenta II onto H2SO4 activated immature Gossypium hirsutum seeds: Kinetics, isotherms, mass transfer, thermodynamics and process design, Arabian J. Chem., 280.

[4] Ahmad, A., Mohd-Setapar, S.H., Chuong, C.S., Khatoon, A., Wani, W., Kumar, R., and Rafatullah, M., 2015, Recent advances in new generation dye removal technologies: Novel search of approaches to reprocess waste water, RSC Adv., 5 (39), 30801–30818.

[5] Sivarajasekar, N., Mohanraj, N., Sivamani, S., Moorthy, I.G., Kothandan, R., and Muthusaravanan, S., 2017, Comparative modeling of fluoride biosorption onto waste Gossypium hirsutum seed microwave-bichar using response surface methodology and artificial neural networks, International Conference on Intelligent Computing, Instrumentation and Control Technologies (ICICICT), 6-7 July 2017, Kannur, India, 1631–1635.

[6] Sivarajasekar, N., Mohanraj, N., Sivamani, S., Marand, J.P., Moorthy, I.G., and Balasubramani, K., 2018, Statistical optimization studies on adsorption of ibuprofen onto Albizialebbeck seed pods activated carbon prepared using microwave irradiation, Mater. Today: Proc., 5 (2), 7264–7274.

[7] Vakili, M., Rafatullah, M., Salamatini, B., Abdullah, A., Ibrahim, M.H., Kok Bing, T., Gholami, Z., and Amouzgar, P., 2014, Application of chitosan and its derivatives as adsorbents for dye removal from water and wastewater: A review, Carbohydr. Polym., 113, 115–130.

[8] Rafatullah, M., Sulaiman, O., Hashim, R., and Ahmad A., 2010, Adsorption of methylene blue on low-cost adsorbents: A review, J. Hazard. Mater., 177 (1-3), 70–80.

[9] Ayari, F., Srasra, E., and Trabelsi-Ayadi, M., 2007, Retention of organic molecule “quinalizarin” by bentonitic clay saturated with different cations, Desalination, 206 (1-3), 499–506.

[10] Vezentsev, A.I., Thuy, D.M., Goldovskaya-Peristaya, L.F., and Glukhareva, N.A., 2018, Adsorption of methylene blue on the composite sorbent based on bentonite-like clay and hydroxyapatite, Indones. J. Chem., 18 (4), 733–741.

[11] Chen, H., Koopal, L.K., Xiong, J., Avena, M., and Tan, W., 2017, Mechanisms of soil humic acid adsorption onto montmorillonite and kaolinite, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 504, 457–467.

[12] Basha, I.A., Nagalakshmi, R., and Shanthi, T., 2016, Removal of Congo red and magenta dyes from industrial waste water by thorn apple leaf powder, Int. J. Chem. Sci., 14 (S1), 57–64.

[13] Kalkan, E., Nadaroglu, H., Celebi, N., Celik, H., and Tasgin E., 2015, Experimental study to remediate acid fuchsin dye using laccase-modified zeolite from aqueous solutions, Pol. J. Environ. Stud., 24 (1), 115–124.

[14] Elsherbiny, A.S., 2013, Adsorption kinetics and mechanism of acid dye onto montmorillonite from aqueous solutions: Stopped-flow measurements, Appl. Clay. Sci., 83-84, 56–62.

[15] Lahodny-Sarc, O., and Khalaf, H., 1994, Some considerations of the influence of source clay material and synthesis conditions on the properties of Al-pillared clays, Appl. Clay. Sci., 8 (6), 405–415.

[16] Bhattacharyya, K., and Gupta, S., 2008, Adsorption of a few heavy metals on natural and modified kaolinite and montmorillonite: A review, Adv. Colloid Interface Sci., 140 (2), 114–131.

[17] Nagelschmidt, G., 1939, The identification of minerals in soil colloids, J. Agric. Sci., 29 (4), 477–501.

[18] Dutta, M., and Basu, J.K., 2014, Fixed-bed column study for the adsorptive removal of acid fuchsin using carbon–alumina composite pellet, Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol., 11 (1), 87–96.

[19] Yu, J., Wang, L., Chi, R., Zhang, Y., Xu, Z., and Guo, J., 2013, Removal of cationic dyes: Basic magenta and methylene blue from aqueous solution by adsorption on modified loofah, Res. Chem. Intermed., 39 (8), 3775–3790.

[20] Cherifi, H., Hanini, S., and Bentahar, F., 2009, Adsorption of phenol from wastewater using vegetal cords as a new adsorbent, Desalination, 244 (1-3), 177–187.

[21] Girish, C.R., and Murty, V.R., 2016, Mass transfer studies on adsorption of phenol from wastewater using Lantana camara, forest waste, Int. J. Chem. Eng., 2016, 5809505.

[22] Weber, W.J., and Morris, J.C., 1962, “Advances in water pollution research: Removal of biologically resistant pollutant from waste water by adsorption” in Proceedings of the International Conference on Water Pollution Symposium, vol. 2, Pergamon Press, Oxford, UK, 231–266.

[23] McKay, G., and Poots, V.J.P., 1980, Kinetics and diffusion processes in color removal from effluent using wood as an adsorbent, J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol., 30 (1), 279–292,

[24] McKay, G., Blair, HS., and Fidon, A., 1986, “Sorption of Metal Ions by Chitosan” in Immobilisation of Ions by Bio-sorption, Eds., Heccles, H., and Hunt, S., Ellis Horwood, Chichester, UK., 59–69.

[25] Boyd, G.E., Adamson, A.W., and Myers, L.S., 1947, The exchange adsorption of ions from aqueous solutions by organic Zeolites. II. Kinetics, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 69 (11), 2836–2848.

[26] Sankar, M., Sekaran, G., Sadulla, S., and Ramasami, T., 1999, Removal of diazo and triphenyl methane dyes from aqueous solutions through an adsorption process, J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol., 74 (4), 337–344.

[27] Lee, C.K., Liu, S.S., Juang, L.C., Wang, C.C., Lin, K.S., and Lyu, M.D., 2007, Application of MCM-41 for dyes removal from wastewater, J. Hazard. Mater., 147, 997–1005.

[28] Urano, K., and Tachikawa, H., 1991, Process development for removal and recovery of phosphorus from wastewater by a new adsorbent-2. Adsorption rates and breakthrough curves, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 30, 1897–1899.

[29] Ho, Y.S., and McKay, G., 1999, Pseudo-second order model for sorption process, Process Biochem., 34 (5), 451–465.

[30] Karthikeyan, S., Sivakumar, B., and Sivakumar, N., 2010, Film and pore diffusion modeling for adsorption of reactive red 2 from aqueous solution on to activated carbon prepared from bio-diesel industrial waste, E-J. Chem., 7 (S1), S175–S184.

[31] Krupskaya, V.V., Zakusin, S.V., Tyupina, E.A., Dorzhieva, O.V., Zhukhlistov, A.P., Timofeeva, M.N., and Belousov, P.E., 2017, Experimental study of montmorillonite structure and transformation of its properties under treatment with inorganic acid solutions, Minerals, 7 (4), 49.

[32] Lagergren, S., 1898, Zur theorie der sogenannten adsorption geloöster stoffe, Kungl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handl., 24 (4), 1–39.

[33] Aksu, Z., 2001, Equilibrium and kinetics modelling of cadmium (II) biosorption by C. vulgaris in batch system: Effect of temperature, Sep. Purif. Technol., 21 (3), 285–294.

[34] Zarei, S., Sadeghi, M., and Bardajee, G.R., 2018, Dye removal from aqueous solutions using novel nanocomposite hydrogel derived from sodium montmorillonite nanoclay and modified starch, Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol, 15 (11), 2303–2316.

[35] Simonin, J.P., 2016, On the comparison of pseudo-first order and pseudo-second order rate laws in the modeling of adsorption kinetics, Chem. Eng. J., 300, 254–263.

[36] Sun, Q., and Yang, L., 2003, The adsorption of basic dyes from aqueous solution on modified peat–resin particle, Water Res., 37 (7), 1535–1544.

[37] Xu, H.Y., Zheng, Z., and Mao, G.J., 2010, Enhanced photocatalytic discoloration of acid fuchsine wastewater by TiO2/schorl composite catalyst, J. Hazard. Mater., 175 (1-3), 658–665.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 2187 | views : 2282

Copyright (c) 2019 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Indonesian Journal of Chemistry (ISSN 1411-9420 /e-ISSN 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Analytics View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.