Separation of Pb(II) Ion with Tetraacetic Acid Derivative of Calix[4]arene by Using Droplet-based Microreactor System

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.34387

Yehezkiel Steven Kurniawan(1), Mizuki Ryu(2), Ramachandra Rao Sathuluri(3), Wataru Iwasaki(4), Shintaro Morisada(5), Hidetaka Kawakita(6), Keisuke Ohto(7*), Masatoshi Maeki(8), Masaya Miyazaki(9), Jumina Jumina(10)

(1) Department of Chemistry and Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Saga University, 1-Honjo, Saga 840-8502, Japan
(2) Department of Chemistry and Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Saga University, 1-Honjo, Saga 840-8502, Japan
(3) Department of Chemistry and Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Saga University, 1-Honjo, Saga 840-8502, Japan
(4) Advanced Manufacturing Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 807-1 Shuku, Tosu, Saga 841-0052, Japan
(5) Department of Chemistry and Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Saga University, 1-Honjo, Saga 840-8502, Japan
(6) Department of Chemistry and Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Saga University, 1-Honjo, Saga 840-8502, Japan
(7) Department of Chemistry and Applied Chemistry, Saga University
(8) Division of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Hokkaido University, Kita, Sapporo 060-0808, Japan
(9) Advanced Manufacturing Research Institute, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 807-1 Shuku, Tosu, Saga 841-0052, Japan
(10) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


In this study, the microreactor system was investigated and compared with the batch-wise system as rapid and effective extractive Pb(II) separation over Fe(III), Cu(II) and Zn(II) with tetraacetic acid calix[4]arene. By using a microreactor system, the Pb(II) extraction percentages reached the maximum of 73, 89 and 100% in 8 sec residence time at equilibrium pH of 2.00, 2.25 and 2.50, respectively. The stripping percentage was 92% at 8 sec residence time by using a microreactor system with 2.0 M HNO3 as a stripping reagent. Complete separation of Pb(II) over Fe(III), Cu(II) and Zn(II) ions with the tetraacetic acid calix[4]arene in a competitive metal system was achieved at pH 2.00. However, the batch system required 24 h to reach the equilibrium for both extraction and stripping processes. The results suggested that the microreactor system enhanced the Pb(II) extraction and stripping rate up to 104 times faster than the batch-wise system.

Keywords


microreactor; Pb(II) extraction; separation; calix[4]arene

Full Text:

Full Text PDF


References

[1] Pereira, C.J., 1999, Environmental friendly processes, Chem. Eng. Sci., 54 (13-14), 1959–1973.

[2] Anastas, P.T., 2007, Introduction: Green chemistry, Chem. Rev., 107 (6), 2167–2168.

[3] Kurniawan, Y.S., Ramanda, Y., Thomas, K., Hendra, and Wahyuningsih, T.D., 2017, Synthesis of 1,4-dioxaspiro[4.4] and 1,4-dioxaspiro[4.5] novel compounds from oleic acid as potential biolubricant, Indones. J. Chem., 17 (2), 301–308.

[4] Wahyuningsih, T.D. and Kurniawan, Y.S., 2017, Green synthesis of some novel dioxolane compounds from Indonesian essential oils as potential biogreases, AIP Conf. Proc., 1823 (1), 020081.

[5] Kurniawan, Y.S., Anwar, M., and Wahyuningsih, T.D., 2017, New lubricant from used cooking oil: Cyclic ketal of ethyl 9,10-dihydroxyoctadecanoate, Mater. Sci. Forum, 901, 135–141.

[6] Gadipelly, C., Pérez-González, A., Yadav, G.D., Ortiz, I., Ibáñez, R., Rathod, V.K., and Marathe, K.V., 2014, Pharmaceutical industry wastewater: Review of the technologies for water treatment and reuse, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 53 (29), 11571–11592.

[7] Carolin, C.F., Kumar, P.S., Saravanan, A., Joshiba, G.J., and Naushad, M., 2017, Efficient techniques for the removal of toxic heavy metals from aquatic environment: A review, J. Environ. Chem. Eng., 5 (3), 2782–2799.

[8] Cicero, C.E., Mostile, G., Vasta, R., Rapisarda, V., Signorelli, S.S., Ferrante, M., Zappia, M., and Nicoletti, A., 2017, Metals and neurodegenerative diseases. A systematic review, Environ. Res., 159, 82-94.

[9] Manahan, S., 2017, Environmental Chemistry, 10th ed., CRC Press, New York, 138.

[10] Handayani, D.S., Jumina, Siswanta, D., Mustofa, Ohto, K., and Kawakita, H., 2011, Adsorption of Pb(II), Cd(II) and Cr(III) from aqueous solution by poly-5-allyl-calix[4]arene tetra carboxylic acid, Indones. J. Chem., 11 (2), 191–195.

[11] Masykur, A., Santosa, S.J., Siswanta, D., and Jumina, 2014, Synthesis of Pb(II) imprinted carboxymethyl chitosan and the application as sorbent for Pb(II) ion, Indones. J. Chem., 14 (2), 152–159.

[12] Utomo, S.B., Jumina, Siswanta, D., and Mustofa, 2012, Kinetics and equilibrium model of Pb(II) and Cd(II) adsorption onto tetrakis-thiomethyl-C-4-methoxyphenylcalix[4] resorcinarene, Indones. J. Chem., 12 (1), 49–56.

[13] Utomo, S.B., Jumina, and Wahyuningsih, T.D., 2009, The adsorption of Pb(II) and Cr(III) by polypropylcalix[4]arene polymer, Indones. J. Chem., 9 (3), 437–444.

[14] Ohto, K., 2010, Review of the extraction behavior of metal cations with calixarene derivatives, Solvent Extr. Res. Dev., 17, 1–18.

[15] Ohto, K., Fujimoto, Y., and Inoue, K., 1999, Stepwise extraction of two lead ions with a single molecule of calix[4]arene tetracarboxylic acid, Anal. Chim. Acta, 387 (1), 61–69.

[16] Jensen, K.F., 2017, Flow chemistry-microreaction technology comes of age, AIChE J., 63 (3), 858–869.

[17] Ohto, K., Kim, J.Y., Morisada, S., Maeki, M., Yamashita, K., and Miyazaki, M., 2014, Microreactor extraction system with macrocyclic host compounds for rare metal recovery, Int. J. Soc. Mater. Eng. Resour., 20 (1), 92–96.

[18] Maeki, M., Hatanaka, Y., Yamashita, K., Miyazaki, M., and Ohto, K., 2014, Solvent extraction behavior of metal ions with calix[4]arene derivatives by using a microreactor, Solvent Extr. Res. Dev., 21 (1), 77–82.

[19] Wang, K., and Luo, G., 2017, Microflow extraction: A review of recent development, Chem. Eng. Sci., 169, 18–33.

[20] Busa, L.S.A., Mohammadi, S., Maeki, M., Ishida, A., Tani, H., and Tokeshi, M., 2016, Advances in microfluidic paper-based analytical devices for food and water analysis, Micromachines, 7 (5), 86.

[21] Maeki, M., Yamazaki, S., Pawate, A.S., Ishida, A., Tani, H., Yamashita, K., Sugishima. M., Watanabe, M., Tokeshi, M., Kenis, P.J.A., and Miyazaki, M., 2016, A microfluidic-based protein crystallization method in 10 micrometer-sized crystallization space, Cryst EngComm., 18, 7722–7727.

[22] Russo, D., Somma, I.D., Marotta, R., Tomaiuolo, G., Andreozzi, R., Guido, S., and Lapkin, A.A., 2017, Intensification of nitrobenzaldehydes synthesis from benzyl alcohol in a microreactor, Org. Process Rev. Dev., 21 (3), 357–364.

[23] Ciceri, D., Perera, J.M., and Stevens, G.W., 2014, The use of microfluidic devices in solvent extraction, J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol., 89 (6), 771–786.

[24] Sathuluri, R.R., Kurniawan, Y.S., Kim, J.Y., Maeki, M., Iwasaki, W., Morisada, S., Kawakita, H., Miyazaki, M., and Ohto, K., 2018, Droplet-based microreactor system for stepwise recovery of precious metal ions from real metal waste with calix[4]arene derivatives, Sep. Sci. Technol., 53 (8), 1261–1272.

[25] Ohto, K., Yano, M., Inoue, K., Yamamoto, T., Goto, M., Nakashio, F., Shinkai, S., and Nagasaki, T., 1995, Solvent extraction of trivalent rare earth metal ions with carboxylate derivatives of calix[4]arenes, Anal. Sci., 11 (6), 893–902.

[26] Jiang, F., Yin, S., Srinivasakannan, C., Li, S., and Peng, J., 2018, Separation of lanthanum and cerium from chloride medium in presence of complexing agent along with EHEHPA (P507) in a serpentine microreactor, Chem. Eng. J., 334, 2208–2214.

[27] Zhang, L.H., Ping, J.H., Ju, S.H., Zhang, L.B., Dai, L.Q., and Liu, N.S., 2014, Microfluidic solvent extraction and separation of cobalt and nickel, RSC Adv., 4 (31), 16081–16086.

[28] Kurniawan, Y.S., Sathuluri, R.R., Iwasaki, W., Morisada, S., Kawakita, H., Ohto, K., Miyazaki, M., and Jumina, 2018, Microfluidic reactor for Pb(II) ion extraction and removal with an amide derivative of calix[4]arene supported by spectroscopic studies, Microchem. J., 142, 377–384.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.34387

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 915 | views : 624


Copyright (c) 2018 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

 


Indonesian Journal of Chemisty (ISSN 1411-9420 / 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Web
Analytics View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.