Photocatalytic Degradation of Amoxicillin Using UV/Synthesized NiO from Pharmaceutical Wastewater

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.33837

Davoud Balarak(1*), Ferdos Kord Mostafapour(2)

(1) Department of Environmental Health, Health Promotion Research Center, School of Public Health, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
(2) Department of Environmental Health, Health Promotion Research Center, School of Public Health, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The nano nickel(II) oxide (NiO) was synthesized by sol-gel method and used for degradation of Amoxicillin (AMO) from pharmaceutical wastewater. In this laboratory study, the effects of nanoparticle dose (0.25–2 g/L), reaction time (10–120 min), initial antibiotic concentration (25–200 mg/L) and lamp power (15 W) on AMO removal efficiency were assessed in a batch photocatalytic reactor. Antibiotic concentration in output was measured by the spectrophotometer at the maximum wavelength of 280 nm. The optimum nano NiO dose was obtained to be 0.2 g/L. In this study, the removal efficiency decreased with increasing the concentration of AMO. Under optimal conditions of concentration, the removal efficiency was 96%. It was found that increasing the exposure time to UV increased the rate of AMO degradation in solution. The results also showed that the photo-degradation reaction approximately follows the pseudo-first-order kinetics with constant rates of 0.084, 0.074 and 0.046 min-1 for concentrations of 25, 50 and 100 mg/L, respectively. On the basis of the obtained results, it can be concluded that UV/NiO photocatalytic process can efficiently remove AMO from pharmaceutical wastewater.


Keywords


photocatalytic degradation; amoxicillin; nano nickel(II) oxide; kinetics

Full Text:

Full Text PDF


References

[1] Balarak, D., Azarpira, H., and Mostafapour, F.K., 2016, Thermodynamics of removal of cadmium by adsorption on Barley husk biomass, Der Pharma Chemica, 8 (10), 243–247.

[2] Diyanati, R.A., Yousefi, Z.A., and Cherati, J.Y., 2013, Investigating phenol absorption from aqueous solution by dried azolla, J. Mazand. Univ. Med. Sci., 22 (2), 13–21.

[3] Balarak, D., Mostafapour, F.K., and Joghataei, A., 2016, Adsorption of Acid Blue 225 dye by multi walled carbon nanotubes: Determination of equilibrium and kinetics parameters, Der Pharma Chemica, 8 (8), 138–145.

[4] Diyanati, R.A., Yousefi, Z., and Cherati, J.Y., 2013, The ability of azolla and lemna minor biomass for adsorption of phenol from aqueous solutions, J. Mazand. Univ. Med. Sci., 23 (106), 141–146.

[5] Peng, X., Hu, F., Dai, H., Xiong, Q., and Hu, C., 2016, Study of the adsorption mechanism of ciprofloxacin antibiotics onto graphitic ordered mesoporous carbons, J. Taiwan Inst. Chem. Eng., 65, 472–481.

[6] Kansal, S.K., Kaur, N., and Singh, S., 2009, Photocatalytic degradation of two commercial reactive dyes in aqueous phase using nanophotocatalysts, Nanoscale Res. Lett., 4 (7), 709–16.

[7] Liu, W.F., Xie, H.J., Zhang, J., and Zhang, C.L., 2012, Sorption removal of cephalexin by HNO3 and H2O2 oxidized activated carbons, Sci. China Chem., 55 (9), 1959–1967.

[8] Liu, H., Liu, W., Zhang, J., Zhang, C., Ren, L., and Li, Y., 2011 ,Removal of cephalexin from aqueous solution by original and Cu(II)/Fe(III) impregnated activated carbons developed from lotus stalks kinetics and equilibrium studies, J. Hazard. Mater., 185 (2-3), 1528–1535.

[9] Garoma, T., Umamaheshwar, S.K., and Mumper, A., 2010, Removal of sulfadiazine, sulfamethizole, sulfamethoxazole, and sulfathiazole from aqueous solution by ozonation, Chemosphere, 79 (8), 814–820.

[10] Balarak, D., Azarpira, H., and Mostafapour, F.K., 2016, Study of the Adsorption Mechanisms of Cephalexin on to Azolla filiculoides, Der Pharma Chemica, 8 (10) ,114–121.

[11] Amini, M., Khanavi, M., and Shafiee, A., 2004, Simple high-performance liquid chromatographic method for determination of ciprofloxacin in human plasma, Iran. J. Pharm. Res., 3 (2), 99–101.

[12] Azarpira, H., Mahdavi, Y., and Khaleghi, O., 2016, Thermodynamic studies on the removal of metronidazole antibiotic by multi-walled carbon nanotubes, Der Pharmacia Lettre, 8 (11), 107–113.

[13] Fakhri, A., and Adami, S., 2014, Adsorption and thermodynamic study of Cephalosporins antibiotics from aqueous solution onto MgO nanoparticles, J. Taiwan Ins. Chem. Eng., 45 (3), 1001–1006.

[14] Carabineiro, S.A.C., Thavorn-Amornsri, T., Pereira, M.F.R., and Figueiredo ,J.L., 2011, Adsorption of ciprofloxacin on surface modified carbon materials,Water Res., 45 (15), 4583–4591.

[15] Azarpira, H., and Balarak, D., 2016, Rice husk as a biosorbent for antibiotic metronidazole removal: Isotherm studies and model validation, Int. J. ChemTech Res., 9 (7), 566–573.

[16] Choi, K.J., Kim, S.G., and Kim, S.H., 2008, Removal of antibiotics by coagulation and granular activated carbon filtration, J. Hazard. Mater., 151 (1), 38–43.

[17] Hu, L., Flanders, P.M., Miller, P.L., and Strathmann, T.J., 2007, Oxidation of sulfamethoxazole and related antimicrobial agents by TiO2 photocatalysis, Water. Res., 41 (12), 2612–2626.

[18] Yu, F., Li, Y., Han, S., and Ma, J., 2016, Adsorptive removal of antibiotics from aqueous solution using carbon materials, Chemosphere, 153, 365–385.

[19] Balarak, D., Mostafapour, F.K., Bazrafshan, E., and Saleh, T.A., 2017, Studies on the adsorption of amoxicillin on multi-wall carbon nanotubes, Water Sci. Technol., 75 (7-8), 1599–1606.

[20] Sakthivel, S., Neppolian, B., Shankar, M.V., Arabindoo, B., Palanichamy, M., and Murugesan, V., 2003, Solar photo-catalytic degradation of azo dye: Comparison of photocatalytic efficiency of ZnO and TiO2, Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells, 77 (1), 65–82.

[21] Rostamian, R., and Behnejad, H., 2016, A comparative adsorption study of sulfamethoxazole onto graphene and graphene oxide nanosheets through equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic modeling, Process Saf. Environ. Prot., 102, 20–29.

[22] Gulkowska, A., Leung, H.W., So, M.K., Taniyasu, S., Yamashita, N., Yeung, L.W.Y., Richardson, B.J., Lei, A.P., Giesy, J.P., and Lam, P.K.S., 2008, Removal of antibiotics from wastewater by sewage treatment facilities in Hong Kong and Shenzhen, China, Water Res., 42 (1-2), 395–403.

[23] Balarak, D., and Joghataei A., 2016, Biosorption of phenol using dried rice husk biomass: Kinetic and equilibrium studies, Der Pharma Chemica, 8 (6), 96–103.

[24] Balarak, D., Mahdavi, Y., Bazrafshan, E., Mahvi, A.H., and Esfandyari, Y., 2016, Adsorption of fluoride from aqueous solutions by carbon nanotubes: Determination of equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic parameters, Flouride, 49 (1), 35–42.

[25] Balarak, D., 2016, Kinetics, isotherm and thermodynamics studies on bisphenol a adsorption using barley husk, Int. J. ChemTech Res., 9 (5), 681–690.

[26] An, T., Yang, H., Li, G., Song, W., Cooper, W.J., and Nie, X., 2010, Kinetics and mechanism of advanced oxidation processes (AOPs) in degradation of ciprofloxacin in water, Appl. Catal., B, 94 (3-4), 288–294.

[27] Sultana, S., Ramabadran, S., and Swathi, P.R., 2015, Photocatalytic degradation of azo dye using ferric oxide nanoparticle, Intl. J. ChemTech Res., 8 (3), 1243–1247.

[28] Muruganandham, M., and Swaminathan, M., 2006, TiO2-UV photo-catalytic oxidation of Reactive Yellow 14: Effect of operational parameters, J. Hazard. Mater., 135 (1-3), 78–86.

[29] Fairooz, N.Y., 2016, Evaluation of new couple Nb2O5/Sb2O3 oxide for photocatalytic degradation of orange G dye, Int. J. ChemTech Res., 9 (3), 456–461.

[30] Hayat, K., Gondal, M.A., Khaled, M.M., Ahmed, S., and Shemsi, A.M., 2011, Nano ZnO synthesis by modified sol gel method and its application in heterogeneous photocatalytic removal of phenol from water, Appl. Catal., A, 393 (1-2), 122–129.

[31] Balarak, D., and Azarpira, H., 2016, Biosorption of Acid Orang 7 using dried Cyperusrotundus: Isotherm studies and error functions, Int. J. ChemTech Res., 9 (9), 543–549.

[32] Azarpira, H., Mahdavi, Y., and Balarak D., 2016, Removal of Cd(II) by adsorption on agricultural waste biomass, Der Pharma Chemica, 8 (12), 61–67.

[33] Balarak, D., Mostafapour, F.K., and Azarpira, H., 2016, Adsorption isotherm studies of tetracycline antibiotics from aqueous solutions by maize stalks as a cheap biosorbent, Int. J. Pharm. Technol., 8 (3), 16664–16675.

[34] Fan, J., Hu, X., Xie, Z., Zhang, K., and Wang, J., 2012, Photocatalytic degradation of azo dye by novel Bi-based photocatalyst Bi4TaO8I under visible-light irradiation, Chem. Eng. J., 179, 44–51.

[35] Asahi, R., Morikawa, T., Ohwaki, T., Aoki, K., and Taga, Y., 2011, Visible-light photocatalysis in nitrogen-doped titanium oxides, Science, 293 (5528), 269–271.

[36] Vaiano, V., Sacco, O., Sannino, D., and Ciambelli, P., 2015, Photocatalytic removal of spiramycin from wastewater under visible light with N-doped TiO2 photocatalysts, Chem. Eng. J., 261, 3–9.

[37] Balarak, D., Joghataei, A., Azarpira, H., and Mostafapour, F.K., 2016, Isotherms and thermodynamics of Cd(II) ion removal by adsorption onto Azolla filiculoides, Int. J. Pharm. Technol., 8 (3), 15780–15788.

[38] Anandan, S., Kathiravan, K., Murugesan, V., and Ikuma, Y., 2009, Anionic (IO3-) non-metal doped TiO2 nanoparticles for the photocatalytic degradation of hazardous pollutant in water, Catal. Commun., 10 (6), 1014–1019.

[39] Sahel, K., Perol, N., Chermette, H., Bordes, C., Derriche, Z., and Guillard, C., 2007, Photocatalytic decolorization of Remazol Black 5 (RB5) and Procion Red MX-5B-isotherm of adsorption kinetic of decolorization and mineralization, Appl. Catal., B, 77 (1-2), 100–109.

[40] Balarak, D., Bazrafshan, E., Mahdavi, Y., Lalhmunsiama, and Lee, S.M., 2017, Kinetic, isotherms and thermodynamic studies in the removal of 2-chlorophenol from aqueous solution using modified rice straw, Desalin. Water Treat., 63, 203–211.

[41] Zhu, C.M., Wang, L.Y., Kong, L.R., Yang, X., Wang, L., Zheng, S., Chen, F., MaiZhi, F., and Zong, H., 2000, Photocatalytic degradation of azo dyes by supported TiO2 -UV in aqueous solution, Chemosphere, 41 (3), 303–309.

[42] Balarak, D., Mahdavi, Y., Bazrafshan, E., and Mahvi, A.H., 2016, Kinetic, isotherms and thermodynamic modeling for adsorption of acid blue 92 from aqueous solution by modified Azolla filiculoides, Fresenius Environ. Bull., 25 (5), 1321–1330.

[43] Zhang, L., Song, X., Liu, X., Yang, L., and Pan, F., 2011, Studies on the removal of tetracycline by multi-walled carbon nanotubes, Chem. Eng. J., 178, 26–33.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.33837

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1255 | views : 850


Copyright (c) 2018 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

 


Indonesian Journal of Chemisty (ISSN 1411-9420 / 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Web
Analytics View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.