Residue Oil Desulfurization Using Oxidation and Extraction Method

Rizky Tetrisyanda(1), Annas Wiguno(2), Rizqy Romadhona Ginting(3), M. Chadiq Dzikrillah(4), Gede Wibawa(5*)

(1) Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology
(2) Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology
(3) Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology
(4) Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology
(5) Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Technology
(*) Corresponding Author


This study successfully improved the performance of oxidative desulfurization method to reduce sulfur content from residue oil (condensate) with modifications of oxidation and extraction steps which was repeated for several stages. Residue oil used in this study contain 386.2 ppm of initial sulfur content. In oxidation process, H2O2 as oxidizer and acid as catalyst were used within temperature range of 30–60 °C and time interval from 30 to 120 min. In extraction process, various alcohol solvents (methanol, ethanol, and propanol) were used with the temperature of 30 °C in 30 min for every residue oil ratio to solvent (v/v). The best reducing sulfur result achieved was 35.9 ppm or 90.7% desulfurization. This result was achieved after 4 recursively extractions using ethanol as solvent. This study successfully reduced sulfur content in residue oil to meet the international standard (< 50 ppm).


extraction; oxidation; oxidative desulfurization; residue oil

Full Text:

Full Text PDF


[1] Hayyan, M., Ibrahim, M.H., Hayyan, A., AlNashef, I.M., Alakrach, A.M., Abdulkader, M., and Hashim, M.A., 2015, Facile route for fuel desulfurization using generated superoxide ion in ionic liquids, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 54 (49), 12263–12269.

[2] Saikia, B.K., Khound, K., and Baruah, B.P., 2014, Extractive de-sulfurization and de-ashing of high sulfur coals by oxidation with ionic liquids, Energy Convers. Manage., 81, 298–305.

[3] Boniek, D., Figueiredo, D., dos Santos, A.F.B., and Stoianoff, M.A.R., 2015, Biodesulfurization: A mini review about the immediate search for the future technology, Clean Technol. Environ. Policy, 17 (1), 29–37.

[4] Mei, H., Mei, B.W., and Yen, T.F., 2003, A new method for obtaining ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel via ultrasound assisted oxidative desulfurization, Fuel, 82 (4), 405–414.

[5] Zhao, H., and Baker, G.A., 2015, Oxidative desulfurization of fuels using ionic liquids: A review, Front. Chem. Sci. Eng., 9 (3), 262–279.

[6] Srivastava, V.C., 2012, An evaluation of desulfurization technologies for sulfur removal from liquid fuels, RSC Adv., 2 (3), 759–783.

[7] Shang, H., Du, W., Liu, Z., and Zhang, H., 2013, Development of microwave induced hydrodesulfurization of petroleum streams: A review, J. Ind. Eng. Chem., 19 (4), 1061–1068.

[8] Saleh, T.A., 2016, Applying Nanotechnology to the Desulfurization Process in Petroleum Engineering, IGI Global, Hershey-PA, USA, 1–555.

[9] Alipoor, Z., Behrouzifar, A., Rowshanzamir, S., and Basmi, M., 2015, Electrooxidative desulfurization of a thiophene-containing model fuel using a square wave potentiomentry technique, Energy Fuels, 29 (5), 3292–3301.

[10] Capel-Sanchez, M.C., Perez-Presas, P., Campos-Martin, J.M., and Fierro, J.L.G., 2010, Highly efficient deep desulfurization of fuels by chemical oxidation, Catal. Today, 157 (1–4), 390–396.

[11] Te, M., Fairbridge, C., and Ring, Z., 2001, Oxidation reactivities of dibenzothiophenes in polyoxometalate/H2O2 and formic acid/H2O2 systems, Appl. Catal., A, 219 (1-2), 267–280.

[12] Dehkordi, A.M., Kiaei, Z., and Sobati, M.A., 2009, Oxidative desulfurization of simulated light fuel oil and untreated kerosene, Fuel Process. Technol., 90 (3), 435–445.

[13] Sobati, M.A., Dehkordi, A.M., and Shahrokhi, M., 2010, Liquid-liquid extraction of oxidized sulfur-containing compounds of non-hydrotreated kerosene, Fuel Process. Technol., 91 (11), 1386–1394.

[14] Xiao, C., Rehman, A., and Zeng, X., 2015, Evaluation of the dynamic electrochemical stability of ionic liquid-metal interfaces againts reactive oxygen species using an in situ electrochemical quartz crystal microbalance, RSC Adv., 5 (40), 31826–31836.

[15] Rogers, R.D., and Seddon, K.R., 2003, Ionic liquids—Solvents of the future?, Science, 302 (5646), 792–793.

[16] Ibrahim, M.H., Hayyan, M., Hashim, M.A., Hayyan, A., and Hadj-Kali, M.K., 2016, Physycochemical properties of piperidinium, ammonium, pyrrolidinium and morpholinium cations based ionic liquids paired with bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide anion, Fluid Phase Equilib., 427, 18–26.

[17] Nuhu, A.A., 2013, Bio-catalytic desulfurization of fossil fuels: A mini review, Rev. Environ. Sci. Biotechnol., 12 (1), 9–23.

[18] Bachmann, R.T., Johnson, A.C., and Edyvean, G.J., 2014, Biotechnology in the petroleum industry: An overview, Int. Biodeterior. Biodegrad., 86, 225–237.

[19] Soleimani, M., Bassi, A., and Margaritis, A., 2007, Biodesulfurization of refractory organic sulfur compounds in fossil fuels, Biotechnol. Adv., 25 (6), 570–596.

[20] Yu, G., Lu, S., Chen, H., and Zhu, Z., 2005, Diesel fuel desulfurization with hydrogen peroxide promoted by formic acid and catalyzed by activated carbon, Carbon, 43 (11), 2285–2294.

[21] Rubio, M., Ramírez-Galicia, G., and López-Nava, L.J., 2005, Mechanism formation of peracids, J. Mol. Struct. THEOCHEM, 726 (1-3), 261–269.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 5245 | views : 5562

Copyright (c) 2017 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Indonesian Journal of Chemistry (ISSN 1411-9420 /e-ISSN 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Analytics View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.