PHOTODEGRADATION OF ALIZARIN S DYE USING TiO2-ZEOLITE AND UV RADIATION

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.21769

Karna Wijaya(1*), Eko Sugiharto(2), Is Fatimah(3), Iqmal Tahir(4), Rudatiningsih Rudatiningsih(5)

(1) Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281
(2) Centre for Environmental Studies, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara Yogyakarta, 55281
(3) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Islam Indonesia, Jl. Kaliurang km 14, Sleman
(4) Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281
(5) Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


An investigation of Alizarin S photodegradation using TiO2-zeolite and UV radiation was performed. TiO2-zeolite was prepared by dispersing oligocations of titanium into suspension of zeolite. The suspension was stirred and then filtered to separate the solid phase from the filtrate. the solid phase was calcined by microwave oven at 800 Watt for 5 minutes to convert the oligocations into its oxide forms. The calcined product and unmodified zeolite were characterized using x-ray diffractometry, FT-IR spectrophotometry, X-ray fluorescence and gas sorption analysis methods to determine their physicochemical properties. Photocatalytic activity of TiO2-zeolite was tested on Alizarin S solution using following method: 50 mg of zeolite was dispersed into 25 mL of 10-4 M Alizarin S. The dispersion was irradiated using 365 nm UV light at room temperature on various irradiation times, i.e. 10, 20, 30, 40 and 60 minutes. At certain irradiation time, the dispersion was filtered and the filtrate was then analyzed its concentration using UV-Vis spectrophotometry method. Characterization results exhibited that the formation of TiO2 on internal as well as external surfaces of zeolite could not be detected  with x-ray diffractometry and FT-IR spectrophotometry, however determination of titanium using x-ray fluorescence analysis on the calcined product showed that the concentration of titanium was much higher than zeolite (0.22% on zeolite and 12.08% on TiO2-zeolite). Gas sorption analysis result indicated that the the calcination  resulted in the increase of specific surface area (16,31 m2/g on zeolite and 100.96 m2/g on TiO2-zeolite) as well as total pore volume of calcined product (13.34 mL/Å/g on zeolite and 57.54 mL/Å/g on TiO2-zeolite). The result of photocatalytic activitiy study showed that ca 99 % of Alizarin S was degraded by TiO2-zeolite after UV irradiation for 60 min.


Keywords


TiO2-zeolite; photocatalytic; Alizarin S

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.21769

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