Water Quality and The Heavy Metal Occurence of Fish in Polluted Watershed

https://doi.org/10.22146/ifnp.29679

Rizky Muliani Dwi Ujianti(1*), Sutrisno Anggoro(2), Azis Nur Bambang(3), Frida Purwanti(4)

(1) Doctoral Student Coastal Resources Management Diponegoro University Semarang Lecturer PGRI University Semarang
(2) Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia
(3) Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia
(4) Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The clean river is very important for human life and river’s biota. However, many rivers are polluted from both domestic and industrial waste today. Domestic waste comes from households and industrial wastes from nearby industrial activities. One of the biotas of the river is the fish. The objective of the research was to evaluate pollutant and pollutant index in the watershed and the present of Pb in fish in the watershed. The location of this research was a long Garang watershed Semarang, namely from upstream to downstream of the river. The sampling area was divided into 7 segments based on Central Java Governor Regulation No. 156/2010 based on water designation. The studied parameters in this research were heavy metal in fish and water quality. The studied fish was Nila fish (Oreochromis sp.). Results show that Cu was the main pollutant in water river class 1, 2, 3 and 4. DO exceed the limit parameter in water river class 3 and 4. Finally, the highest heavy metals found in fish were found in Pb, while the water pollution index was due to exceeding Cu, all of which came from industrial waste.

 

 


Keywords


Oreochromis sp.; heavy metal; lead; copper; river

Full Text:

PDF


References

Birungi, Z., B. Masola, M.F.  Zaranyika, I. Naigaga, and B. Marshall. 2007. Active Biomonitoring of Trace Heavy Metals Using Fish (Oreochromis niloticus) as Bioindicator Species. the Case of Nakivubo Wetland Along Lake Victoria. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 32. pp.1350–1358. doi:10.1016/j.pce.2007.07.034

Central Java Governor Regulation No. 156/2010 on Water Utilization and Water Quality Management of Garang River

 

Dewi, N.K., R. Prabowo, N.K. Trimartuti. 2014.  Analysis of the Physicochemical Quality and Heavy Metal levels in Cyprinus carpio L. and Oreochromis niloticus L. Living in Kaligarang River Semarang. Biosaintifika 6 (2) (2014). DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v6i2.3106

 

Effendi, H. 2016. River Water Quality Preliminary Rapid Assessment Using Pollution Index. Procedia Environmental Sciences 33 ( 2016 ) 562 – 567. doi: 10.1016/j.proenv.2016.03.108

 

Government Regulation No. 82/2001 on Water Quality Management and Water Pollution Control

 

Hussain, N. A, S.M Ahmed and L.F. Lazem. 2003. Occurrence and Abundance of Fish Larvae in the Restored Mesopotamian Marshlands, Southern Iraq. JKAU: Mar. Sci., Vol. 24, No. 2, pp: 15-27. DOI : 10.4197/Mar. 24-2.2

 

Jayaprabha, N., Balakrishnan, S., Purusothaman, S., Indira, K., Srinivasan, M. and Anantharaman, 2014. Bioaccumulation of Heavy Metals in Flying Fishes Along Southeast Coast of India. International Food Research Journal 21(4): 1381-1386 (2014)

 

Keputusan Menteri Negara Lingkungan Hidup Nomor : 115 Tahun 2003 tentang Pedoman Penentuan Status Mutu Air

Latimer, G.W. 2012. Official Methods of Analysis of AOAC International, Volume 1 book 1.  AOAC International

 

Lu, F.C. 2010. Basic Toxicology: Fundamentals, Target Organs and Risk Assessment. Hemisphere Publishing, New York

 

Malik, R. N. 2011. Heavy Metals in Eight Edible Fish Species from Two Polluted Tributaries (Aik and Palkhu) of the River Chenab, Pakistan. Biol Trace Elem Res (2011) 143:1524–1540. DOI 10.1007/s12011-011-9011-3.

Noegrahati. 2005. Heavy Metals Bioaccumulation Pattern of Bivalve Geloina spp., and Crustaceans Penaeus marguensis and Scylla serrata from the Southern Central Java Ocean Margin, and Its Consumer's Safety. Indonesian Food and Nutrition Progress Vol 12 No 1.

 

Paul, D., 2017. Research on Heavy Metal Pollution of River Ganga: A Review. Journal Annals of Agrarian Science 15 278-286pp.

Pham, T.L. 2017. Comparison between Water Quality Index (WQI) and Biological Indices, Based on Planktonic Diatom for Water Quality Assessment in the Dong Nai River, Vietnam. Pollution, 3(2): 311-323, Spring 2017. DOI: 10.7508/pj.2017.02. 012

Sabullah, M. K., Ahmad, S. A., Shukor, M. Y., Gansau, A. J., Syed, M. A., Sulaiman, M. R. and Shamaan, N. A. 2015. Heavy Metal Biomarker: Fish Behavior, Cellular Alteration, Enzymatic Reaction and Proteomics Approaches. International Food Research Journal 22(2): 435-454 (2015)

Tjahjono, A., A.N. Bambang, S. Anggoro. 2017. Analysis of Heavy Metal Content of Pb in Ballast Water Tank of Commercial Vessels in Port Of Tanjung Emas Semarang, Central Java Province. Journal of Ecological Engineering Volume 18, Issue 2, March 2017. 7–11pp. DOI: 10.12911/22998993/68298

Upadhyay A.K. K. Gupta J. K. Sircar M. K. Deb G. L. Mundhara. 2006. Heavy Metals in Freshly Deposited Sediments of The River Subernarekha, India: An Example of Lithogenic and Anthropogenic Effects. Environ Geol (2006) 50: 397–403. DOI 10.1007/s00254-006-0218-0. 



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ifnp.29679

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 1077 | views : 769

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Indonesian Food Nutrition Progress (print ISSN 0854-6177; online ISSN 2597-9388) is published by the Indonesian Association of Food Technologists in collaboration with Department of Food and Agricultural Product Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada. View website statistics.

 

Indonesian Food and Nutrition Progress Journal is Indexed by:

Google ScholarDimensions logo Garuda logo

Creative Commons License
Indonesian Food and Nutrition Progress is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

real
time web analytics View My Stats