Evaluation of Nutrient and Digestibility of Agricultural Waste Total Mixed Ration Silage as Ruminant Feed


Arsyadi Ali(1*), Anwar Efendi Harahap(2), Jepri Juliantoni(3)

(1) Study Program of Animal Science, Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, Pekanbaru, 28293
(2) Study Program of Animal Science, Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, Pekanbaru, 28293
(3) Study Program of Animal Science, Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau, Pekanbaru, 28293
(*) Corresponding Author


Difficulties in feeding ruminants, which generally use field grass, can be modified by utilizing forage waste from corn, rice and cassava using the total mixed ration (TMR) silage model to obtain feed that is rich in nutrients and long lasting. The study aimed of the study was to determine the nutritional value and digestibility of TMR silage using forage and concentrate waste from corn, rice and cassava. The research design used a completely randomized design with 3 treatments of agricultural waste and 6 replications. The treatment is CWS (corn waste silage); RWS (rice waste silage) and CVWS (cassava waste silage). The parameters tested were crude protein, crude fiber, crude fat, NDF, ADF, WSC, RFV, NH3, rumen PH, VFA, In vitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD) and In vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD). The results showed that CVWS (cassava waste silage) increased crude protein, RFV and reduced NDF, while CWS (corn waste silage) reduced crude fiber and ADF, increased NH3 production, VFA and in vitro digestibility


Complete Feed; Waste; Nutrition; Digestibility

Full Text:

5. Arsyadi Ali


Al-Masri, M. R. 2010. In vitro rumen fermentation kinetics and nutri tional evaluation of Kchia indica as affected by harvest time and cutting regimen. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 157: 55. https://doi.org/10.1016/j. anifeedsci.2010.01.013

Amin, M., S. D. Hasan., O. Yanuarianto, and M. Iqbal. 2015. Pengaruh lama fermentasi terhadap kualitas jerami padi amoniasi yang ditambah probiotik Bacillus Sp. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Indonesia 1: 8-13. https://doi.org/10.29303/jitpi.v1i1.4

Borreani, G. E., Tabacco. R. J. Schmidt, B. J Holmes, and R. E. Muck§. 2018. Silage review: factors affecting dry matter and quality losses in silages. J. Dairy Sci. 101: 3952–3979. https://doi.10.3168/jds.2017- 13837

Bueno, A. V. I., G. Lazzari, C.C. Jobim, and J. L. P. Daniel. 2020. Ensiling total mixed ration for ruminants: A review. Agronomy. Ennahar, S., Y. Cai, and Y. Fujita. 2003. Phylogenetic diversity of lactic acid bacteria associated with paddy rice silage as determined by 16s ribosomal DNA analysis. J. Appl. Environ. Microb. 69: 444-451.

Junior, M. C., C. C Jobim, M.P Osmari, and T. T. Tres. 2017. Nutritional additives in high moisture corn silage. Agrária - Revista Brasileira de Ciências Agrária. 12: 105- 111. 10.5039/agraria.v12i1a5413

Kilic, U. and E. Gulecyuz. 2017. Effects of some additives on in vitro true digestibility of wheat and soybean straw pellets. Open Life Sci. 12: 206-213.

Kung, Jr., L. Shaver, R. D. Grant, and R. J. Schmidt§. 2018. Silage review:interpretation of chemical, microbial and organoleptic components of silages. J. Dairy Sci. 101: 4020–4033. https://doi.org/10.3168/jds.2017-13909

Kuipers, O. P., G. Buist, and J. Kok. 2000. Current stratergies for improving food bacteria. Research in Microbiology. 151: 815-822. https://doi.10.1016/s0923-2508(00)01147- 5

Mayasari, B., Ayuningsih, and R. Hidayat. 2015. Pengaruh penambahan nitrogen dan sulfur pada ensilase jerami jagung terhadap kecernaan bahan kering dan bahan organik pada sapi potong. E. Student Journal Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Padjajaran 4: 1-11.

Mila, J. R. and I. M. A. Sudarma. 2021. Analysis of nutritional content of rice bran as animal feed and income of rice milling business in umalulu, East Sumba Regency. Bulletin of Tropical Animal Science 2: 90–97. Mulyasari. 2011. Potensi daun ketela pohon sebagai salah satu sumber bahan baku ikan. prosiding forum inovasi teknologi akuakultur. Balai Riset Perikanan Budidaya Air Tawar, Bogor

Nurlaili, F. Suparwi and T. R. Sutardi. 2013. Fermentasi kulit singkong (Manihot utilissima) menggunakan Aspergillus niger pengaruhnya terhadap kecernaan bahan kering (KcBK) dan kecernaan bahan organik (KcBO) secara In-Vitro. Jurnal Ilmiah Peternakan 1: 856–864.

Okoruwa, M. I., F. U. Igene, and M. A. Isika. 2012. Replacement value of cassava peels with rice husk for guinea grass in the diet of West African Dwarf (WAD) sheep. J. Agri. Sci. 4: 254 -261.

Okunlola, O. O., J. A. Alalade, O. A. Olorunnisomo, C. B. Emiola, T. O. Muraina, and O. M. Oladeji. 2019. Proximate Composition and physio chemical parameters of cassava peel ensiled with banana leaves and dried. Poultry Waste 9: 297-301. http://doi.org/10. 15580/GJAS.2019.3.061719110

Patil, M. M., A. Pal, T. Anand, and K. V. Ramana. 2010. Isolation and characterization of lactic acid bacteria from curd and cucumber. Indian Journal of Biotechnology. 9: 166- 172. Rohweder, D. A., R.F. Barnes, and N. Jorgensen. 1978. Proposed hay grading standards based on laboratory analyses for evaluating quality. J. Anim. Sci. 47: 747– 759.

Sadishkumar, V. and K. Jeevaratnam. 2016. In vitro probiotic evaluation of potential antioxidant lactic acid bacteria isolated from idli batter fermented with piper betel leaves. International Journal of Food Science and Technology 5: 329–340. https://doi.org/10. 1111/ijfs.13284

Salam, N. A. 2009. The effect of forage energy level on production and reproduction performance of Kosta female goats. Pak. J. Nutr. 8: 251-255.

Sandi, Y. O., S. Rahayu, and S. Wardhana. 2013. Upaya peningkatan kualitas kulit singkong melalui fermentasi menggunakan Leuconostoc Mesenteroides pengaruhnya terhadap kecernaan bahan kering dan bahan organik secara In Vitro. Jurnal Ilmiah Peternakan 1: 99–108.

Savadogo, G. A., A. T. C. Outtara, and A. S. Trao. 2007. Potential of lactic acid bacteria in human nutrition. Food 1: 79-84.

Sung, H. G., Y. Kobayashi, J. Chang, Ha. Ahnul, H. Hwan, and J. K. Ha. 2007. Low ruminal pH reduces dietary fiber digestion via reduced microbial attachment. J. Anim. Sci. 20: 200–207. https://doi.org/10.5713/ajas. 2007.200

Smith, E. E., G. C. Huo, J. O. Igene, and X. Bian. 2017. Some current applications, limitations and future perspectives of lactic acid bacteria as probiotics. Food and Nutrition Research 61: 1-16. https://doi.10.1080/ 16546628.2017.1318034

Tilley, J. M. A. and R. A. Terry. 1963. A two stage technique for the in vitro digestion of forage crops. Grass Forage Sci. 18: 104–111. https://doi.10.1111/j.1365- 2494.1963.tb00335.x.

Tulung, Y. A. F., Pendong, and B. Tulung. 2020. Evaluasi nilai biologis pakan lengkap berbasis tebon jagung dan rumput campuran terhadap kinerja produksi sapi Peranakan Ongole (PO). Zootec. 40: 363- 37.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v47i4.87103

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 105 | views : 60


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Buletin Peternakan (Bulletin of Animal Science) Indexed by:

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.