Effect of Compost Tea and Harvest Age on Productivity, Nutrient Content, and In vitro Digestibility Cichorium Intybus

https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v46i3.67834

Rezki Amalyadi(1), Nafiatul Umami(2*), Nanung Agus Fitrianto(3), Chusnul Hanim(4), Bambang Suwignyo(5)

(1) Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, Faculty of Life Science and Technology, Universitas Teknologi Sumbawa, Sumbawa, 84371, Indonesia
(2) Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, 55281, Indonesia
(3) Department of Animal Products Technology, Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, 55281, Indonesia
(4) Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, 55281, Indonesia
(5) Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Science, Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, 55281, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The glass house experiment involving compost tea and harvest age was conducted to investigate the effect of giving compost tea (cricket and rabbit feces) and harvesting age on productivity, nutrient content, and in vitro digestibility value of Cichorium intybus. Compost tea (CT) is an aqueous extract from compost that can correct nutrient deficiencies during crop production and protect cultivation. The research treatment consisted of two factors, namely: the age of harvest and the dose of compost tea. The administration of compost tea consisted of three kinds of doses as follows: no compost tea (P0), 200 mL of compost tea (P1), and 400 mL of compost tea (P2). The experimental plants were harvested at different age, consisting of 25, 35 and 45 days after planting (DAP). The experimental design was Factorial Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with 6 treatments and 9 replications. The data were statictically analyzed using analisys of variance, and differences among value of each treatment were tested with the Duncan Multiple Range Test. The results indicated that compost tea dose and harvesting period treatment affected (P<0.05) leaf length, fresh leaf weight, crude protein content, dry matter digestibility (DMD), and organic matter digestibility (OMD). Meanwhile, it showed not significant effect (P>0.05) on the leaf width and root length. The results suggest that the fertilization treatment of 200 mL of compost tea and 25 DAP could increase productivity (leaf length and fresh leaf weight) of chicory, nutrient content (crude protein) of chicory, and in vitro digestibility (DMD and OMD).


Keywords


Cichorium intybus; Compost tea; In vitro digestibility; Nutrient content; Productivity

Full Text:

PDF


References

Afzal, M., A. Ahmad, and A. U. H. Ahmad. 2012. Effect of nitrogen on growth and yield of sorghum forage (Sorghum bicolor L Moench CV) under three cuttings system. Journal Cercetari Agronomice in Moldova 45: 57–64.

Ahmad, F., Fathurrahman, and Bahrudin. 2016. Pengaruh media dan interval pemupukan terhadap pertumbuhan vigor cengkeh (Syzygum aromaticum L.). Jurnal Mitra Sains 4: 36–47.

AOAC. 2005. Offical Methods of Analysis. 18th edn. Association of Official Agriculture Chemist, Washington.

Ariyanti, M., M. A. Soleh, and Y. Maxiselly. 2017. Respon pertumbuhan tanaman aren (Arenga pinnata merr.) dengan pemberian pupuk organik dan pupuk anorganik berbeda dosis. Jurnal Kultivasi 16: 271–278

Berek, A. K. 2017. Compost tea and its use as a source of nutrients and plant resistance agents. J. Dryland. Conserv. Agric. 2: 68–70.

Chen, S. 2015. Evaluation of compost topdressing, compost tea and cultivationon tall fescue quality, soil physical properties and soil microbialactivity. Master Thesis. Department of Plant Science and Landscape Architecture. Maryland University, USA.

Faradilla, F., L. K. Nuswantara, M. Christiyanto, and E. Pangestu. 2019. Kecernaan bahan kering, bahan organik, lemak kasar dan total digestible nutrients berbagai hijauan secara in vitro. Jurnal Litbang Provinsi Jawa Tengah 17: 185–193.

Farda, F. T., A. K. Wijaya, Liman, Muhtarudin, D. Putri, and M. Hasanah. 2020. Pengaruh varietas dan jarak tanam yang berbeda terhadap kandungan nutrien hijauan jagung. Jurnal Ilmiah Peternakan Terpadu 8: 83–90.

Febriyono, R., Y. E. Susilowati, and A. Suprapto. 2017. Peningkatan hasil tanaman kangkung darat (Ipomoea reptans, L.) melalui perlakuan jarak tanam dan jumlah tanaman per lubang. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Tropika dan Subtropika 2: 22-27.

Gholami, H., G. Askar, R. F. Fatemeh, J. S. Mohammad, and H. Hossein. 2019. Changes in photosynthetic pigments and uptake of several soil elements by chicory supplied with organic fertilizers. Acta Ecol. Sin. 39: 250–256.

Hajar, L., Abdulah, and D. Diapari. 2019. Produksi dan kandungan nutrien beberapa varietas sorgum hybrid dengan jarak tanam berbeda sebagai sumber pakan. Jurnal Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan 17: 1–5.

Hariodamar, H., M. Santoso, and M. Nawawi. 2018. Pengaruh pemberian pupuk nitrogen terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil dua varietas tanaman sawi (Brassica juncea L.). J. Produksi Tanaman 6: 2133–2141.

Hartatik, W., Husnain, and L. R. Widowati. 2015. Peranan pupuk organik dalam peningkatan produktivitas tanah dan tanaman. Jurnal Sumberdaya Lahan 9: 107–120.

Hartono, R., Y. Fenita, and E. Sulistyowati. 2015. Uji in vitro kecernaan bahan kering, bahan organik dan produksi N-NH3 pada kulit buah durian (Durio Zibethinus) yang difermentasi jamur tiram putih (Pleurotus Ostreatus) dengan perbedaan waktu inkubasi. Jurnal Sains Peternakan Indonesia 10: 87–94.

Hermanto, B. Suwignyo, and N. Umami. 2017. Kualitas kimia dan kandungan klorofil tanaman alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) dengan lama penyinaran dan dosis dolomit yang berbeda pada tanah regosol. Buletin Peternakan 41: 54–60.

Hutabarat, J., Erwanto, and A. K Wijaya. 2017. Pengaruh umur pemotongan terhadap kadar protein kasar dan serat kasar Indigofera zollingeriana. Jurnal Riset dan Inovasi Peternakan 1: 21–24.

Islam, M. K., T. Yaseen, A. Traversa, M. B. Kheder, G. Brunetti, and C. Cocozza. 2016. Effects of the main extraction parameters on chemical and microbial characteristics of compost tea. Waste Manage. 52: 62–68.

Kefyalew, A., B. Alemu, and A. Tsegaye. 2020. Effects of fertilization and harvesting age on yield and quality of desho (Pennisetum pedicellatum) grass under irrigation, in Dehana District, Wag Hemra Zone, Ethiopia. Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries 9: 113–121.

Keraf, F. K., Y. Nulik, and M. L. Mullik. 2015. Pengaruh pemupukan nitrogen dan umur tanaman terhadap produksi dan kualitas rumput kume (Sorghum plumosum var. timorense). Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia 17: 123–130.

Maryanto, and A. Rahmi . 2015. Pengaruh jenis dan dosis pupuk organik terhadap pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman tomat (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill) varietas permata. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian dan Kehutanan 14: 87–94.

Muwakhid, B. and U. Ali. 2020. Pengaruh pupuk daun “organik” terhadap komposisi kimiawi dan kecernaan rumput gajah (Pennisetum purpureum CV. Hawaii). Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis 7: 179–183.

Nath, T. N. 2013. The macronutrients status of long term tea cultivated soils in Dibugrah and Sivasgar Districts of Assam, India. J. India Int. Sci. Res. 2: 273–275.

Neciu, C. F., G. Saplacan, D. Rechitean, and D. Dragomir. 2017. Forage chicory (Cichorium intybus l.) pretability in crops and effects in ruminants feeding. Animal Science and Biotechnologies 50: 170–175.

Prayoga, I. K., F. Fathul, and Liman. 2018. Pengaruh perbedaan umur panen terhadap produktivitas (produksi segar, produksi bahan kering, serta proporsi daun dan batang) hijauan indigofera zollingeriana. Jurnal Riset dan Inovasi Peternakan (Jurnal Riset dan Inovasi Hewan) 2: 1–7.

Rianti, A., R. Kusmiadi, and R. Apriyadi. 2019. Respons pertumbuhan tanaman pakcoy (Brassica rapa L.) dengan pemberian teh kompos bulu ayam pada sistem hidroponik. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pertanian 3: 52–58.

Riswara, A. D., L. K. Nuswantara, and J. Achmadi. 2018 Kecernaan nutrien secara in vitro pada fodder jagung hidroponik dengan media perendaman dan penggunaan dosis pupuk yang berbeda. Jurnal Inovasi Teknologi Pertanian 6: 110–114.

Safira, M. L., H. A. Kurniawan, A. Rochana, dan N. P. Indriani. 2019. Pengaruh pemupukan nitrogen terhadap produksi dan kualitas hijauan kacang koro pedang (Canavalia gladiata). Jurnal Nutrisi Ternak Tropis dan Ilmu Pakan 1: 25–33.

Safrida, N. Ariska, and Yusrizal. 2019. Respon beberapa varietas padi lokal (Oryza sativa L.) terhadap amelioran abu janjang sawit pada lahan gambut. Jurnal Agrotek Lestari 5: 28–38.

Satria, N., Wardati, and M.A. Khoiri. 2015. Pengaruh pemberian kompos tandan kosong kelapa sawit dan pupuk npk terhadap pertumbuhan bibit tanaman gaharu (Aquilaria malaccencis). Jurnal Online Mahasiswa Faperta 2: 1–14.

Savitri, M. V., H. Sudarwati, and Hermanto. 2012. Pengaruh umur pemotongan terhadap produktivitas gamal (Gliricidia sepium). Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan 23: 25–35.

Seseray, D. Y., B. Santoso, and M. N. Lekito. 2013. Produksi rumput gajah (Pennisetum purpureum) yang diberi pupuk N, P dan K dengan dosis 0, 50 dan 100% pada devoliasi hari ke-45. Sains Peternakan 11: 49–55.

Setyaningrum, S. and I. Dahlan. 2018. Efektivitas pupuk kandang dari kotoran sapi, domba dan ayam terhadap kadar lemak kasar, protein kasar dan serat kasar rumput gajah pada defoliasi kedua. Journal of Animal Science and Agronomy Panca Budi 3: 34–38.

Steel, R. G. D. and J. H. Torrie. 1980. Principles and procedures of statistics. McGrawHill Book Company Inc, New York.

Syamsuddin. 2013. Pengaruh pupuk organik dan umur defoliasi terhadap beberapa zat gizi silase rumput gajah (Pennisetum purpureum). Buletin Nutrisi dan Makanan Ternak 9: 9–17.

Tantri, T. P. T. N., A. A. N. Supadma, and I. D. M. Arthagama. 2016. Uji kualitas beberapa pupuk kompos yang beredar di kota Denpasar. Jurnal Agroekoteknologi Tropika 5: 52–62.

Tilley, J. M. A. and R. A. Terry. 1963. A two stage technique for the in vitro digestion of forage crops. J. Br. Grassl. Soc. 18: 104–111.

Vinyard, J. R., J. B. Hall, J. E. Sprinkle, and G. E. Chibisa. 2018. Effects of maturity at harvest on the nutritive value and ruminal digestion of Eragrostis tef (cv. Moxie) when fed to beef cattle. J. Anim. Sci. 96: 3420–3432.

Wahono, T. G., M. Astiningrum, and Y. E. Susilowati. 2018. Pengaruh macam pupuk kandang pengaruh umur panen terhadap hasil tanaman kangkung darat (Ipomoea Reptans) Var. Bangkok Lp-1 di lahan pasca erupsi merapi. Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Tropika dan Subtropika 3: 9–12.

Wati, L. E. V., T. D. Sulistyo, and Mujiyo. 2017. Dosis pupuk kandang dan umur panen pada produksi baby kangkung (Ipomoea reptans). Jurnal Sustainable Agriculture 32: 68–74.

Wiekandyne, D. 2012. Pengaruh pupul urea, pupuk organik padat dan cair kotoran ayam terhadap sfat tanah, pertumbuhan dan hasil selada keriting di tanah inceptisol. Program Studi Agroteknologi. Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Jambi. 4: 236-237.

Wijayanti, E., F. Wahyono, and Surono. 2012. Kecernaan nutrien dan fermentabilitas pakan komplit dengan level ampas tebu yang berbeda secara in vitro. Animal Agriculture Journal 1: 167–179.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.21059/buletinpeternak.v46i3.67834

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 549 | views : 465

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Buletin Peternakan (Bulletin of Animal Science) Indexed by:

   
 
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.