Budi Andayani, Amitya Kumara
(Submitted 25 August 2015)
(Published )


Expressing ideas successfully requires a writer’s ability in imagining how his/her readers will interpret his/her writing. The present research is replicating a part of Traxler and Gernsbacher’s research (1993) comparing between experimental group with selection task and control group with rating task.

The experiment uses tangram geometric pictures of Traxler and Gernsbacher’s research (1993) to be described by the writers. The activity proceeds in three meetings each with one-week interval, either for the writer or the reader groups. The subjects are students of the Faculty of Psychology GMU presently writing their undergraduate thesis. The overall thirty-two students were assigned into three groups. Eight students were assigned as experimental writers with the selection task and another eight students were as control writers with the rating task. The rest were readers whose task was to read two writings of two writers of different writing groups. The data was the sum of pictures identified correctly by the readers on the basis of the writers’ description.

Data analysis shows that there is no obvious difference between the experiment and control group in the improvement of writing skill (a student-t test analysis upon the difference of the mean of readers’ improvement between session 1 and 3, between experiment and control group is t=0.816; p<0.05). Some factors may explain this phenomenon, such as the ability in making good sentences with correct words and in well-organized manner, the ability to learn from experience, the insight get from the experience, and the sort of picture used, and the style of writing. All of these aspect may influence the readers in understanding what is being described and to mentally picturing the descriptions.

Keywords: writing skill-perspective approach

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.22146/jpsi.6998


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