Trust and Trustworthiness of Friendship Relation In Yogyakarta and Makassar

Faturochman Faturochman, Wenty Marina Minza, Muhammad Reza Firmansyah
(Submitted 8 April 2019)
(Published 24 August 2020)


Previous research conducted by the same authors found that personal attributes (benevolence, integrity, competence) and the relational attributes (closeness, support, and reciprocity) influence trust and trustworthiness. This paper aimed to test the proposed trust model on a new dataset while also testing for gender and regional differences. This research involved a collaboration between Universitas Gadjah Mada as a representative from Yogyakarta and Universitas Negeri Makassar as a representative from Makassar. There were 420 students that participated in this study; 157 (37.4%) men and 263 (62.6%) women. Regression analyses indicated that 42% of trust was formed by personal and relational attributes. Contrary to expectations, there were no differences in trust (p> 0.05) between females and males. However, there was a significant difference in trustworthiness (p0.05). This study provides an understanding on the importance of trust and trustworthiness in efforts to maintain pluralism, as a form of citizenship identity.


personal attributes; relational attributes; trust; trustworthiness; friendship

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.22146/jpsi.44827


Afifi, T., Afifi, W., Merrill, A. F., Denes, A., & Davis, S. (2013). “You need to stop talking about this!”: Verbal rumination and the costs of social support. Human Communication Research, 39(4), 395-421. doi: 10.1111/hcre.12012

Anatassia, D. F., & Faturochman. (2014). Pencederaan kepercayaan pada relasi persahabatan remaja. (Unpublished master thesis). Faculty of Psychology Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.

Badewi, M.H. (2019). Nilai Siri’ dan Pesse dalam kebudayaan Bugis-Makassar dan relevansinya terhadap penguatan nilai kebangsaan. Jurnal Sosiologi Walisongo, 3(1), 79-96. doi: 10.21580/jsw.2019.3.1.3291

Belle, D. Gender differences in children’s social networks and supports. In: Belle, D., (Ed.) Children’s social networks and social supports. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Bergsieker, H. B. (2012). Building, betraying, and buffering trust in interracial and same-race friendships. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Princeton University.

Berscheid, E. & Regan, P. (2005). The psychology of interpersonal relationships. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Billy, J. O., & Udry, J. R. (1985). Patterns of adolescent friendship and effects on sexual behavior. Social Psychology Quarterly, 27-41.

Burgess, K. B., Wojslawowicz, J. C., & Rubin, K. H. (2006). Social information processing and coping strategies of shy/withdrawn and aggressive children: Does friendship matter? Child Development, 77, 371–383.

Blau, P. M. 1964. Exchange and power in social life. New York: John Wiley.

Buchan, R. Nancy, Croson, T. Rachel & Solnic, S. (2008). Trust and gender: An examination of behavior, biases, and beliefs in the investment game. Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 68, 466-476

Chu, J. Y. (2005). Adolescent boys friendships and peer group culture. In: Way, N., Hamm, KV., (Eds.) The experience of close friendships in adolescence. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development. 25(107), 1-86. doi: 10.1002/cd.118

Cohen, S. (2004). Social relationships and health. American Psychologist, 59(8), 676–684.

Das, T. K., & Teng, B.-S. (2004). The risk-based view of trust: A conceptual framework. Journal of Business and Psychology, 19, 85–116.

Eder, D., & Hallinan, M. T. (1978). Sex differences in children's friendships. American Sociological Review, 237-250.

Fatwa, S. T. Dewi, Lars Weinehall & Ann Öhman. (2010). ‘Maintaining balance and harmony’: Javanese perceptions of health and cardiovascular disease. Global Health Action, 3(1), 1-10. doi: 10.3402/gha.v3i0.4660

Faturochman. (2005). Iri dalam relasi sosial Jurnal Psikologi, 33(1), 1-16.

Faturochman & Minza, W. M. (2014). Exploring personal and relational trustworthiness. (Unpublished manuscript). Faculty of Psychology Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.

Fehr, E., & Gächter, S. (2000). Fairness and retaliation: The economics of reciprocity. The Journal of Economic Perspectives, 14(3), 159-181. doi: 10.1257/jep.14.3.159

Ferris, D. L., Lian, H., Brown, D. J., Pang, F. X., & Keeping, L. M. (2010). Self-esteem and job performance: The moderating role of self-esteem contingencies. Personnel Psychology, 63(3), 561–593.

Feather, N. T. (1994). Attitudes toward high achievers and reactions to their fall: Theory and research concerning tall poppies. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, 26, 1-73.

Firmansyah, M.R., Amelia, R., Jamil, R.A., Faturochman, F., & Minza, W.M. (2019). Benevolence, competency, and integrity: Which is more influential on trust in friendships? Jurnal Psikologi, 18(1), 91-105. doi: 10.14710/jp.18.1.91-105

Fiske, S. T. (2004). Social beings. New York: Wiley.

Flanagan, C, A., & Stout, M. (2010). Developmental patterns of social trust between early and late adolescence: Age and School Climate Effects. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 20, 748–73. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-7795.2010.00658.x

Gouldner, A. W. (1960). The norm of reciprocity: A preliminary statement. American Sociological review, 161-178.

Gifford-Smith, M. E., & Brownell, C. A. (2003). Childhood peer relationships: Social acceptance, friendships, and peer networks. Journal of School Psychology, 41(4), 235–284.

Hardin, R. (1996). Trustworthiness. Ethics 107(1), 26-42.

Hareli, S., & Weiner, B. (2002). Dislike and envy as antecedents of pleasure at another's misfortune. Motivation and Emotion, 26(4), 257-277.

Hamaguchi, E. (1977 ) "Ninon Rashisa" no Saihakken. Tokyo: Nihon Keizai Shimbun-sha.

Igarashi, T., Kashima, Y, Kashima, E. S., Farsides, T., Kim, U., Strack, F., Werth, L., & Yuki, M. (2008). Culture, trust, and social networks. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 11, 88-101. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-839X.2007.00246.x

Ilmarinen, V. J., Lönnqvist, J. E., & Paunonen, S. (2016). Similarity-attraction effects in friendship formation: Honest platoon-mates prefer each other but dishonest do not. Personality and Individual Differences, 92, 153-158. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2015.12.040

Karney, B. R., Bradbury, T. N. (1995). The longitudinal course of marital quality and stability: A review of theory, method, and research. Psychological Bulletin, 118(1), 3-34

Kovač, V. B. & Kristiansen, A. (2010). Trusting trust in the context of higher education: The potential limits of the trust concept. Power and Education, 2(3), 276. doi: 10.2304/power.2010.2.3.276

Lambright, K. T., Mischen, P. A., & Laramee, C. B. (2010). Building trust in public and nonprofit networks: Personal, dyadic, and third-party influences. The American Review of Public Administration, 40(1), 64-82 doi: 10.1177/0275074008329426

Linden-Andersen, S., Markiewicz, D., & Doyle, A. (2009). Perceived similarity among adolescent friends: The role of reciprocity, friendship quality, and gender. Journal of Early Adolescence, 29, 617–637. doi: 10.1177/0272431608324372

Mayer, R. C., Davis, J. H., & Schoorman, F. D. (1995). An integrative model of organizational trust. Academy of Management Review, 20(3), 709-734.

McAllister, D. J. (1995). Affect-and cognition-based trust as foundations for interpersonal cooperation in organizations. Academy of Manage­ment Journal, 38(1), 24–59.

Peterson, C., & Seligman, M. E. (2004). Character strengths and virtues: A handbook and classification (Vol. 1). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Phillipsen, L. C. (1999). Associations between age, gender, and group acceptance and three components of friendship quality. The Journal of Early Adolescence, 19(4), 438-464.

Rahmanawati, A., Ferdian, F. R., Widyastuti, T., Faturochman, & Minza, W. M. (2020). How do relational and personal affect trust in adolescent friendship: An explora­tory model. Humanitas, 17(1), 1-11. doi: 10.26555/humanitas.v17i1.12700

Robbins, B. (2016). From the general to the specific: How social trust motivates relational trust. Social Science Research, 55, 16–30. doi: 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2015.09.004

Rodebaugh, T. L., Lim, M. H., Fernandez, K. C., Langer, J. K., Weisman, J. S., Tonge, N., Levinson, C. A., & Shumaker, E. A. (2014). Self and friend’s differing views of social anxiety disorder’s effects on friendships. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 123(4), 715–724. doi: 10.1037/abn0000015

Rose, A. J., & Rudolph, K. D. (2006). A review of sex differences in peer relationship processes: Potential trade-offs for the emotional and behavioral development of girls and boys. Psychological Bulletin, 132, 98–131.

Rotenberg, K. J., Fox, C., Green, S., Ruderman, L., Slater, K., Stevens, K., & Carlo, G. (2005). Construction and validation of a children’s interpersonal trust belief scale. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 23, 271–292. doi: 10.1348/026151005X26192

Kim, P., Dirk, K., & Cooper, C. (2009). The repair of trust: A dynamic bilateral perspective and multilevel conceptualisation. Academy of Management Review, 34(3), 401-422

Rousseau, D. M., Sitkin, S. B., Burt, R. S., & Camerer, C. (1998). Not so different after all: A cross-discipline view of trust. Academy of Management Review, 23(3), 393-404.

Salazar, L. R. (2015). Exploring the relationship between compassion, closeness, trust, and social support in same-sex friendships. The Journal of Happiness & Well-Being, 3(1), 15-29

Sears, D. O., Freedman, J. L., &Peplau, L. Anne. (1985). Social psychology. NJ: Prentice Hall, Inc.

Sekhon, H., Ennew, C., Kharouf, H., & Devlin, J. (2014). Trustworthiness andtrust: influences and implications. Journal of Marketing Management, 30(3-4), 409-430

Shooter, W., Paisley, K., & Sibthorp, J. (2012). Fostering trust in outdoor leaders: The role of personal attributes. Journal of Experiential Education, 35(1), 222–237.

Simpson, J. A. (2007). Psychological foundations of trust. Current directions in Psychological Science, 16(5), 264-268.

Snyder, C. R., & Lopez, S. J. (2007). Positive psychology: The scientific and practical explorations of human strengths. California: Sage Publications, Inc.

Steptoe, A., Shankar, A., Demakakos, P., & Wardle, J. (2013). Social isolation, loneliness, and all-cause mortality in older men and women. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110 (15), 5797-5801. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1219686110

Taylor, S. E., Peplau, L. A., &Sears, D.O. (2009). Social Psychology, 12th Edition. LA: Pearson Education-Prentince Hall.

Van Lange P. A. M. Kruglanski, A. W., & Higgin, E. T. (2012). Handbook of the theories of social psychology. London: Sage.

Walster, E., Walster, G. W., & Berscheid, E. (1978). Equity: Theory and research. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Psikologi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.