Peranan Psychological capital terhadap Kesiapan Individu untuk Berubah yang Dimoderatori oleh Persepsi Dukungan Organisasi

Lailatul Munawaroh(1*), IJK. Sito Meiyanto(2)

(1) Universitas Gadjah Mada
(2) Fakultas Psikologi, Universitas Gadjah Mada
(*) Corresponding Author


The effectiveness of change implementation in an organization depends on the level of individual readiness for change. Low level of individual readiness can cause resistance to change. This study was aimed to test the role of psychological capital (psycap) to individual readiness for change (IRFC) moderated by perceived organizational support (POS). Data were collected using the individual readiness for change scale, the psychological capital scale and the perceived organizational support scale. The subjects were 351 employees of Local Government in Yogyakarta that embrace changing position (inpassing). Moderated regression analysis was used to test the hypothesis. Data analysis showed that both of psycap and POS play role as predictors to IRFC (R 2 =0.350; p0.05). This research underlines the importance of resilience as psycap’s dimension to increase the individual readiness for change in an organization


(kesiapan individu untuk berubah; persepsi dukungan organisasi; psychological capital

Full Text:



Armenakis, A. A., Harris, S. G., & Mossholder, K. W. (1993). Creating readiness for organizational change. Human Relations, 46(6), 681–703. Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research : conceptual , strategic , and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51(6), 1173–1182. BKD Kabupaten Sleman. (2015). Menilik pengembangan jabatan fungsional tertentu. Retrieved August 30, 2016, from Donsu, J. D., Hadjam, N. R., Hidayat, R., & Asdie, A. H. (2014). Peran faktor-faktor psikologis terhadap depresi pada pasien diabetes mellitus tipe 2. Jurnal Psikologi, 41(1), 241–249. Retrieved from Faktor-faktor Psikologis terhadap Depresi pada Pasien Diabetes Mellitus Tipe 2 Eby, L. T., Adams, D. M., Russell, J. E. A., & Gaby, S. H. (2000). Perceptions of organizational readiness for change: factors related to employees’ reactions to the implementation of team-based selling. Human Relations, 53(3), 419–442. Eisenberger, R., Huntington, R., Hutchison, S., & Sowa, D. (1986). Perceived organizational support. Journal of Applied Psychology, 71(3), 500–507. Hadiyani, S., & Zulkarnain. (2014). Peranan komitmen organisasi dan employee engagement terhadap kesiapan karyawan untuk berubah. Jurnal Psikologi, 41(1), 19–35. Holt, D. T., Armenakis, A. A., Feild, H. S., & Harris, S. G. (2007). Readiness for organizational change: the systematic development of a scale. The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 43(2), 232–255. Jabbarian, J., & Chegini, M. G. (2016). The effect of perceived organizational support on employee resistance to change : A study on guilan municipal staff. Journal of History Culture and Art Research, 5(4), 642–654. Jones, R. A., Jimmieson, N. L., & Griffiths, A. (2005). The impact of organizational culture and reshaping capabilities on change implementation success : the mediating role of readiness for change. Journal of Management Studies, 42(2), 361–386. Kurtessis, J. N., Eisenberger, R., Ford, M. T., Buffardi, L. C., Stewart, K. A., & Adis, C. S. (2015). Perceived organizational support : a meta-analytic evaluation of organizational support theory. Journal of Management, XX(X), 1–31. Kwahk, K. Y., & Lee, J. N. (2008). The role of readiness for change in ERP implementation: Theoretical bases and empirical validation. Information and Management, 45(7), 474–481. Lewis, S. (2011). Positive psychology at work: How positive leadership and appreciative inquiry create inspiring organization. Oxford: Willey-Blackwell. Lizar, A. A., Mangundjaya, W. L. ., & Rachmawan, A. (2015). The role of psychological capital and psychological empowerment on individual readiness for change. The Journal of Developing Areas, 49(5), 343–352. Luthans, F., Avey, J. B., Avolio, B. J., Norman, S. M., & Combs, G. M. (2006). Psychological capital development: Toward a micro-intervention. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 27(3), 387–393. Luthans, F., Avolio, B. J., & Norman, S. M. (2007). Positive psychological capital : Measurement and relationship with performance and satisfaction. Personnel Psychology, 60(3), 541–572. Madsen, S. R. (2003). Wellness in workplace: Preparing employees for change. Organization Development Journal, 21(1), 46–55. Ming-chu, Y., & Meng-hsiu, L. (2015). Unlocking the black box : Exploring the link between perceive organizational support and resistance to change. Asia Pacific Management Review, 20(3), 177–183. Rafferty, A. E., Jimmieson, N. L., & Armenakis, A. A. (2013). Change readiness : A multilevel review. Journal of Management, 39(1), 110–135. Rhoades, L., & Eisenberger, R. (2002). Perceived organizational support : A review of the literature. Journal of Applied Psychology, 87(4), 698–714. Shea, C. ., Jacobs, S. R., Esserman, D. A., Bruce, K., & Weiner, B. . (2014). Organizational readiness for implementing change: a psychometric assessment of a new measure. Implementation Science, 9(7). Shukla, A., & Rai, H. (2015). Linking perceived organizational support to organizational trust and commitment: Moderating role of psychological capital. Global Business Review, 16(6), 981–996. Subagja, A. (2016). Kebijakan pembinaan dan pengembangan jabatan fungsional. Retrieved January 1, 2017, from Wanberg, C. R., & Banas, J. T. (2000). Predictors and outcomes of openness to changes in a reorganizing workplace. The Journal of Applied Psychology, 85(1), 132–142. Wang, L. (2015). The relationship between employee psychological capital and change- supportive behavior: Mediating effect of cognitive of change. Journal of Social Sciences, 3(April), 125–133. Zhao, C., & Gao, Z. (2014). Why do they leave? the mechanism linking employees’ psychological capital to their turnover intention. In J. N. Xu, J.V.A. Cruz-Machado, B. Lev (Ed.), Proceedings of the Eighth international conference on management science and engineering management. 281 (925–936).


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 3022 | views : 2417


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Jurnal Psikologi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Abstracted/Indexed by:

View My Stats
Jurnal Psikologi ISSN:2460 867X (online) ISSN:0215-8884 (print)

Creative Commons License