Efektivitas Pelatihan Pemberian Dukungan Sosial pada Walinapi dengan Metode Bermain dan Permainan Peran

Alimatus Sahrah, Reny Yuniasanti

Abstract


The skills of prisoner coaching to provide social support by walinapi in every penitentiary need to be improved. This experimental study aims to determine the effectiveness of social support training using the Game method and the Role Play method in improving the ability to make Social Support welfare against prisoners in the Penitentiary of Yogyakarta. The research subject was 20 prisoners guardian, consisting of 9 men and 11 women. Social Support Training with Game and Role Playing Methods is a treatment to enhance the welfare social support capabilities of prisoners. Training Effectiveness is measured by evaluation of reactions, evaluation of learning and behavioral evaluation. Measurement of social support capabilities is done before and after training using a scale based on 5 aspects of social support. The research data analysis uses independent t-test and pair comparison t-test techniques. The results of the study show that (1) social support training is effectively improving the ability to support social welfare of the prisoners; (2) there is no difference in effectiveness between social support training using the game method and the role play method.

Abstrak :  Keterampilan pembinaan narapidana untuk memberikan dukungan sosial oleh walinapi di setiap Lembaga Pemasyarakatan perlu ditingkatkan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efektivitas pelatihan dukungan sosial dengan menggunakan metode Bermain dan metode Permainan Peran dalam meningkatkan kemampuan melakukan Dukungan Sosial walinapi terhadap para narapidana di Lembaga Pemasyarakatan Yogyakarta. Subjek penelitian adalah 20 orang walinapi, yang terdiri dari 9 orang pria dan 11 orang wanita. Pelatihan Dukungan Sosial dengan metode Bermain dan Permaian Peran merupakan perlakuan untuk meningkatkan kemampuan dukungan sosial walinapi terhadap para narapidana. Efektivitas pelatihan diukur dengan evaluasi reaksi, evaluasi pembelajaran dan evaluasi perilaku. Pengukuran kemampuan dukungan sosial dilakukan sebelum dan sesudah pelatihan menggunakan skala yang berdasarkan lima aspek dukungan sosial. Analisis data penelitian menggunakan teknik independent t-test dan pair comparison t-test. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa, (1) pelatihan dukungan sosial adalah efektif meningkatkan kemampuan melakukan dukungan sosial walinapi terhadap narapidana; (2) tidak ada perbedaan efektivitas antara pelatihan dukungan sosial yang menggunakan metode Bermain dan metode Permainan Peran.

Keywords


game methods; role play methods; social support training

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DOI: 10.22146/jpsi.28038

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