Peningkatan Kapasitas Working Memory melalui Permainan Congklak pada Siswa Sekolah Dasar

https://doi.org/10.22146/jpsi.21984

Andy Surya Putra(1*), Sri Tiatri(2), Naomi Sutikno(3),

(1) 
(2) Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Tarumanegara
(3) Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Tarumanegara
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Aktivitas belajar membutuhkan kemampuan kognitif kompleks yang berkaitan dengan kapasitas working memory. Kapasitas working memory adalah kapasitas terbatas dalam menyimpan sementara dan memanipulasi informasi untuk belajar, berpikir, memberi perhatian, berhitung, mengingat, memaknai bacaan dan memecahkan masalah. Permainan tradisional congklak melibatkan kemampuan kognitif kompleks, berhitung, memberi perhatian, bernalar dan berstrategi. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menguji adanya pengaruh permainan congklak terhadap kapasitas working memory pada siswa. Metode penelitian adalah desain eksperimen dua kelompok dengan matched randomized controlled trial dari 12 siswa kelas V SD. Analisis data dengan independent sample T-test menunjukkan digit span (p < .05), square span reverse (p < .05), square span forward (p > .05) dan nilai rerata pelajaran kelas (p > .05). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan permainan congklak dapat meningkatkan kapasitas working memory dalam informasi gambar-visual dan verbal.

Kata Kunci: kapasitas working memory, visuospatial sketchpad, phonological loop, nilai rerata pelajaran kelas, congklak.


Keywords


psikologi; congklak; kapasitas working memory; visuospatial sketchpad; phonological loop

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References

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpsi.21984

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