Feeling Full or Empty Inside? Peran Perbedaan Individual dalam Struktur Pengalaman Afektif


Cleoputri Al Yusainy(1*)

(1) Jurusan Psikologi FISIP Universitas Brawijaya
(*) Corresponding Author


Trait alexithymia dan rumination umumnya diteliti secara terpisah, namun dampak buruknya terhadap pengalaman afektif secara potensial dapat dihambat oleh trait self-control. Penelitian ini bertujuan memetakan struktur pengalaman afektif berdasarkan perbedaan individual dalam trait alexithymia, rumination, dan self-control. Pengalaman afektif partisipan (N = 85) dibangkitkan melalui teknik induksi visual International Affective Picture System (IAPS: Lang, Bradley, & Cuthbert, 2008) yang mencakup 60 foto dari kombinasi dua dimensi afektif, yaitu valence (positif vs. netral vs. negatif) dan arousal (tinggi vs. rendah). Rating valence dan arousal diberikan dalam bentuk label non-verbal Self-Assessment Manikin (SAM: Lang, 2008). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan (1) terdapat interkorelasi antara trait alexithymia, rumination, dan self-control, (2) dimensi-dimensi pada trait alexythimia dan rumination memiliki asosiasi dengan hipersensitivitas terhadap stimulus afektif, dan (3) afek negatif dibutuhkan sebagai sinyal untuk mengaktivasi trait self-control. Temuan ini menggarisbawahi bahwa peran ketiga trait tersebut dalam struktur pengalaman afektif tidak muncul secara global namun bersifat kontekstual dari perspektif kombinasi valence dan arousal.


arousal; trait alexithymia; trait rumination; trait self-control; valence

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/jpsi.18377

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