Black Tea Waste as Corrosion Inhibitor for Carbon Steel in 0.5 M HCl Medium

Meyliana Wulandari(1*), Zahratussaadah Zahratussaadah(2), Nofrizal Nofrizal(3), Pandian Bothi Radja(4), Andreas Andreas(5)

(1) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, State Islamic University (UIN) Syarif Hidyatullah Jakarta, Jl. Ir H. Juanda No. 95, Ciputat, Banten 15412, Indonesia
(2) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, State Islamic University (UIN) Syarif Hidyatullah Jakarta, Jl. Ir H. Juanda No. 95, Ciputat, Banten 15412, Indonesia
(3) Research and Development Center for Oil and Gas Technology – LEMIGAS, Jl. Ciledug Raya Kavling. 109, Jakarta 12230, Indonesia
(4) School of Chemical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Minden, 11800 Penang, Malaysia
(5) Research Centre for Chemistry, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), Kawasan Puspiptek, Building 452, Serpong, Banten 15314, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


Indonesian black tea (BT) waste was utilized as a green corrosion inhibitor for carbon steel (CS) corrosion in a 0.5 M HCl medium. The BT extract was characterized using Fourier transform infra-red. The corrosion inhibition evaluation was studied using conventional weight loss methods, potentiodynamic polarization, and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). Further, scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive X-ray was applied to analyze the surface morphology of pure CS before and after contact with the inhibitor extract. After the addition of inhibitors, CS surface showed a better morphological transformation. The effect of oxygen contamination has also been studied in this research. The corrosion measurements of weight loss, potentiodynamic polarization, and EIS showed that the %IE BT extract was 84.70; 70.00; 72.80% at 0.20 g/L of inhibitor concentration. Adsorption isotherm studies have determined the reaction mechanism between the CS and inhibitor; in which the adsorption follows Langmuir. Gibbs free energy for the three methods is −16.62; −25.34; −24.35 kJ/mol, indicating electrostatic interaction (physisorption) between the metal surface and inhibitor. SEM and focus ion beam show that oxygen contamination can increase the corrosion rate resulting in CS damage. It shows that tea waste products can be used as an alternative corrosion inhibitor.



black tea; carbon-steel; corrosion inhibitor; potentiodynamic polarization; electrochemical impedance spectroscopy

Full Text:

Full Text PDF


[1] Sari, I.P., Basyiruddin, M.I., and Hertadi, R., 2018, Bioconversion of palm oil into biosurfactant by Halomonas meridiana BK-AB4 for the application of corrosion inhibitor, Indones. J. Chem., 18 (4), 718–723.

[2] Royani, A., Prifiharni, S., Nuraini, L., Priyotomo, G., Sundjono, S., Purawiardi, I., and Gunawan, H., 2019, Corrosion of carbon steel after exposure in the river of Sukabumi, West Java, IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng., 541, 012031.

[3] Abdrabo, W.S., Elgendy, B., Soliman, K.A., Abd El-Lateef, H.M., and Tantawy, A.H., 2020, Synthesis, assessment and corrosion protection investigations of some novel peptidomimetic cationic surfactants: Empirical and theoretical insights, J. Mol. Liq., 315, 113672.

[4] Ilim, I., Jefferson, A., Simanjuntak, W., Jeannin, M., Syah, Y.M., Bundjali, B., and Buchari, B., 2016, Synthesis and characterization of oligomer 4-vinylpyridine as a corrosion inhibitor for mild steel in CO2 saturated brine solution, Indones. J. Chem., 16 (2), 198–207.

[5] Ahmed, A.A., Al-mashhadani, M.H., Hussain, Z., Mohammed, S.A., Yusop, R.M., and Yousif, E., 2020, Inhibition of corrosion: Mechanisms and classifications in overview, Al-Qadisiyah J. Pure Sci., 25 (2), 1–9.

[6] Solovyeva, V.A., Almuhammadi, K.H., and Badeghaish, W.O., 2023, Current downhole corrosion control solutions and trends in the oil and gas industry: A review, Materials, 16 (5), 1795.

[7] Abo El-Enin, S.A., and Amin, A., 2015, Review of corrosion inhibitors for industrial applications, Int. J. Eng. Res. Rev., 3 (2), 127–145.

[8] Sutriah, K., Mas’ud, Z.A., Khotib, M., and Zuliandanu, D., 2016, Thermodynamic and kinetic study of zinc bis-(dipalmithyl dithiophosphate) activity as anti-corrosion additive-fatty acid based through potentiodynamic polarization technique, Indones. J. Chem., 16 (2), 214–221.

[9] Salleh, N.I.H., and Abdullah, A., 2019, Corrosion inhibition of carbon steel using palm oil leaves extract, Indones. J. Chem., 19 (3), 747–752.

[10] Ugi, B.U., Obeten, M.E., Bassey, V.M., Hitler, L., Adalikwu, S.A., Omaliko, C.E., Nandi, D.O., and Uwah, I.E., 2022, Adsorption and inhibition analysis of aconitine and tubocurarine alkaloids as eco-friendly inhibitors of pitting corrosion in ASTM – A47 low carbon steel in HCl acid environment, Indones. J. Chem., 22 (1), 1–16.

[11] Pradipta, I., Kong, D., and Tan, J.B.L., 2019, Natural organic antioxidants from green tea form a protective layer to inhibit corrosion of steel reinforcing bars embedded in mortar, Constr. Build. Mater., 221, 351–362.

[12] Guedes, D., Martins, G.R., Jaramillo, L.Y.A., Simas Bernardes Dias, D., da Silva, A.J.R., Lutterbach, M.T.S., Reznik, L.Y., Sérvulo, E.F.C., Alviano, C.S., and Alviano, D.S., 2021, Proanthocyanidins with corrosion inhibition activity for AISI 1020 carbon steel under neutral pH conditions of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) husk fibers, ACS Omega, 6 (10), 6893–6901.

[13] Kaco, H., Abu Talib, N.A., Zakaria, S., Syed Jaafar, S.N., Othman, N.K., Chia, C.H., and Gan, S., 2018, Enhanced corrosion inhibition using purified tannin in HCL medium, Malays. J. Anal. Sci., 22 (6), 931–942.

[14] Fouda, A.S., Elewady, G.Y., Shalabi, K., and Habbouba, S., 2014, Gibberellic acid as green corrosion inhibitor for carbon steel in hydrochloric acid solutions, J. Mater. Environ. Sci., 5 (3), 767–778.

[15] Giovando, S., Koch, G., Romagnoli, M., Paul, D., Vinciguerra, V., Tamantini, S., Marini, F., Zikeli, F., and Scarascia Mugnozza, G., 2019, Spectro-topochemical investigation of the location of polyphenolic extractives (tannins) in chestnut wood structure and ultrastructure, Ind. Crops Prod., 141, 111767.

[16] Proença, C.S., Serrano, B., Correia, J., and Araújo, M.E.M., 2022, Evaluation of tannins as potential green corrosion inhibitors of aluminium alloy used in aeronautical industry, Metals, 12 (3), 508.

[17] Bizuayehu, D., Atlabachew, M., and Ali, M.T., 2016, Determination of some selected secondary metabolites and their invitro antioxidant activity in commercially available Ethiopian tea (Camellia sinensis), SpringerPlus, 5 (1), 412.

[18] Chong, P.H., He, Q., Rao, P., Li, L., and Ke, L., 2021, The interindividual variation of salivary flow rate and biochemistry in healthy adults: Influence of black tea consumption, J. Funct. Foods, 82, 104516.

[19] Naveed, M., BiBi, J., Kamboh, A.A., Suheryani, I., Kakar, I., Fazlani, S.A., FangFang, X., Kalhoro, S.A., Yunjuan, L., Kakar, M.U., Abd El-Hack, M.E., Noreldin, A.E., Zhixiang, S., LiXia, C., and XiaoHui, Z., 2018, Pharmacological values and therapeutic properties of black tea (Camellia sinensis): A comprehensive overview, Biomed. Pharmacother., 100, 521–531.

[20] Tsoeunyane, M.G., Makhatha, M.E., and Arotiba, O.A., 2019, Corrosion inhibition of mild steel by poly(butylene succinate)-L-histidine extended with 1,6-diisocynatohexane polymer composite in 1 M HCl, Int. J. Corros., 2019, 7406409.

[21] Wahyono, T., Astuti, D.A., Gede Wiryawan, I.K., Sugoro, I., and Jayanegara, A., 2019, Fourier transform mid-infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy to identify tannin compounds in the panicle of sorghum mutant lines, IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng., 546, 042045.

[22] Hamdan, A.B., Suryanto, S., and Haider, F.I., 2018, Study on tea leaves extract as green corrosion inhibitor of mild steel in hydrochloric acid solution, IOP Conf. Ser.: Mater. Sci. Eng., 290, 012086.

[23] Yahaya, L.E., Royeun, S.O.A., Ogunwolu, S., Jayeola, C.O., and Igbinadolor, R.O., 2017, Green and black tea (Camellia sinensis) extracts as corrosion inhibitor for mild steel in acid medium, Am.-Eurasian J. Agric. Environ. Sci., 17 (4), 273–279.

[24] Pereyra, I., Nicho, M., Ramirez-Arteaga, A.M., Diaz, E.F., Valenzuela, E., and Serna, S., 2016, A study of the corrosion performance of aluminum alloy 7075T6 in various superficial and conducting polymer coating conditions for aerospace applications, J. Adv. Electrochem., 2 (4), 136–140.

[25] Ige, O.O., Barker, R., Hu, X., Umoru, L.E., and Neville, A., 2013, Assessing the influence of shear stress and particle impingement on inhibitor efficiency through the application of in-situ electrochemistry in a CO2-saturated environment, Wear, 304 (1-2), 49–59.

[26] Ebelegi, A.N., Ayawei, N., and Wankasi, D., 2020, Interpretation of Adsorption Thermodynamics and Kinetics, Open J. Phys. Chem., 10 (03), 166–182.

[27] Yadav, M., Sharma, U., and Yadav, P.N., 2013, Isatin compounds as corrosion inhibitors for N80 steel in 15% HCl, Egypt. J. Pet., 22 (3), 335–344.

[28] Ramya, K., Mohan, R., and Joseph, A., 2014, Interaction of benzimidazoles and benzotriazole: its corrosion protection properties on mild steel in hydrochloric acid, J. Mater. Eng. Perform., 23 (11), 4089–4101.

[29] Mahross, M.H., 2014, Effect of black tea as eco-friendly inhibitor on the corrosion behavior of mild steel in different media, Elixir Int. J., 75, 27849–27854.

[30] Nofrizal, N., 2020, The preferential weld corrosion of X65 carbon steel pipeline under CO2 environment (Indonesian), SCOG, 42 (1), 15–28.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 195 | views : 46

Copyright (c) 2023 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Indonesian Journal of Chemistry (ISSN 1411-9420 /e-ISSN 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Analytics View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.