Specific Real-Time PCR Assay Targeting D-loop Gene and Short Amplicon Sequencing for Identification of Monkey Meat in Beef Meatballs


Dwiky Ramadhani Kurniawati(1), Sismindari Sismindari(2), Rumiyati Rumiyati(3), Fajar Setyo Wibowo(4), Ni Wayan Pebriyanti(5), Irnawati Irnawati(6), Abdul Rohman(7*)

(1) Center of Excellence Institute of Halal Industry and Systems (IHIS), Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia; Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(2) Center of Excellence Institute of Halal Industry and Systems (IHIS), Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(3) Center of Excellence Institute of Halal Industry and Systems (IHIS), Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(4) Center of Excellence Institute of Halal Industry and Systems (IHIS), Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(5) Center of Excellence Institute of Halal Industry and Systems (IHIS), Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(6) Faculty of Pharmacy, Halu Oleo University, Jl. H.E.A. Mokodompit, Kendari 93232, Indonesia
(7) Center of Excellence Institute of Halal Industry and Systems (IHIS), Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia; Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


Macaque monkey (Macaca fascicularis) meat (MM) has been reported to be consumed as meatball and soup products in Indonesia. MM is not allowed to be traded in Indonesia and is considered not halal meat; therefore, MM is not allowed to be consumed by Muslim communities. In this study, species-specific primer (SSP) targeting on mitochondrial displacement (D-loop) region coupled with real-time PCR assay was used to identify monkey meat in beef meatballs. The PCR product was also subjected to sequencing in order to ensure the adulteration practice of MM in beef meatballs. The primers were designed and subjected to in silico specificity test using BLAST. The used primers were: forward: 5’-TGACTCCCACCACATCCC-3’ and reverse: 5’-GTGTGGAGCTAGAATATTGAACCG-3’. Real-time PCR assay using SSP targeting on mt-D-loop primers was capable of identifying MM in meatball products, specifically with a detection limit of 0.0078 ng corresponding to 1% MM in beef meatballs. The developed method can be proposed as the standard method for detecting MM in food products intended for halal authentication analysis, provided that DNAs are available in food products.


authentication; D-loop primers; Macaca fascicularis; real-time PCR; sequencing

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.77003

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