Adsorption of Methylene Blue on Nano-Crystal Cellulose of Oil Palm Trunk: Kinetic and Thermodynamic Studies

Mega Mustikaningrum(1*), Rochim Bakti Cahyono(2), Ahmad Tawfiequrrahman Yuliansyah(3)

(1) Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Muhammadiyah Gresik, Jl. Sumatera No.101, Gresik 61121, East Java, Indonesia; Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jl. Grafika No. 2, Yogyakarta 55284, Indonesia
(2) Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jl. Grafika No. 2, Yogyakarta 55284, Indonesia
(3) Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jl. Grafika No. 2, Yogyakarta 55284, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


The adsorption kinetic study of methylene blue using nano-crystal cellulose made from oil palm trunk was investigated. A sample of 0.08 g of nano-crystal cellulose was used to adsorb 300 mL of methylene blue solution, with a varied stirring speed at 100, 200, and 300 rpm. Meanwhile, the concentration of methylene blue was varied at 1, 2, and 3 mg/L. The experimental results showed that the range of adsorption rate constant was 0.0007–0.0130 m/min. For the thermodynamic study, adsorption temperature was varied at 303, 308, 313, and 318 K. The adsorption capacity values for such temperatures were 10.3389, 10.3802, 10.3614, and 10.3464 mg/g, respectively. It was found that ΔH° value of 0.00742 kJ/mol, ΔS° of 0.7758 kJ/mol K and ΔG° value of −242.81 kJ/mol. Based on the curve-fitting using the Henry, Langmuir, and Freundlich isotherm models, this adsorption tended to the Langmuir isotherm model, where the adsorption formed a monolayer covering the surface of the adsorbent. It was also found that the Langmuir affinity constant (KL) value was 4.560 L/mg, and the maximum adsorption capacity (qm) was 8.590 mg/g.


nano-crystal cellulose; methylene blue; adsorption; oil palm trunk

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