Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence for Immunoassay Applications

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.64596

Isnaini Rahmawati(1), Irkham Irkham(2), Rahmat Wibowo(3), Jarnuzi Gunlazuardi(4), Yasuaki Einaga(5), Tribidasari Anggraningrum Ivandini(6*)

(1) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI, Depok 16424, Indonesia
(2) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Keio University, Hiyoshi 3-14-1, Yokohama, 223-8522, Japan
(3) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI, Depok 16424, Indonesia
(4) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI, Depok 16424, Indonesia
(5) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Keio University, Hiyoshi 3-14-1, Yokohama, 223-8522, Japan
(6) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI, Depok 16424, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Electrogenerated chemiluminescence (ECL) has recently become one of the most prominent and well-established transducers for immunoassay techniques. ECL relates a luminophore concentration in solution with the emission of light triggered by an electrochemical stimulus. ECL immunoassay (ECLIA) performance depends on the parameters of its light generation, including the luminophore, the species that emit light called labels in ECLIA; co-reactants, which are added reagents that support the luminophore to undergo the excited state; electrodes, which are the place for the ECL reactions to take place; and the format of the immunoassay. This review discusses the behaviour of ECLIA parameters, the required instrumentations, and some important examples of detections based on ECLIA.

Keywords


antibody; antigen; electrochemiluminescence; ECL; ECLIA; Immunoassay

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References

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.64596

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