Comparative Study of Various Kinetic Models on Leaching of NCA Cathode Material

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.49412

Soraya Ulfa Muzayanha(1), Cornelius Satria Yudha(2), Luthfi Mufidatul Hasanah(3), Linggar Tungga Gupita(4), Hendri Widiyandari(5), Agus Purwanto(6*)

(1) Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36 A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia; Pertamina Research & Technology Center, PT. PERTAMINA, Jl. Raya Bekasi Km. 20, Pulogadung, Jakarta 13920, Indonesia
(2) Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36 A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia
(3) Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36 A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia
(4) Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36 A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia
(5) Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematic and Natural Science, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36 A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia
(6) Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36 A, Surakarta 57126, Central Java, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The kinetics study of NCA leaching in the HCl system was proposed. Various kinetic models such as shrinking core, logarithmic rate law, and Avrami equation were used to find out the most appropriate kinetic models for this process. The effect of HCl concentrations, leaching temperatures, solid to liquid (S/L) ratio, and leaching duration were observed. The optimum conditions of NCA leaching were at HCl concentration of 4 M, temperature of 80 °C, S/L ratio of 100 g/L, and leaching time of 1 h. The result shows that shrinking core model with diffusion control process of residue layer describes well the leaching mechanism in this research, which is indicated by the good fitting of coefficient values of correlation (R2) and confirmed by the activation energy values of Ni, Co, Al that were less than 40 kJ/mol.

Keywords


NCA cathode waste; kinetics study; recycle; hydrometallurgical; Li-ion batteries

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.49412

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