Adsorption of Silicate Anions from Geothermal Brine Using Chitosan-Polyethylene Glycol Composite to Prevent Silica Scaling on the Dieng Geo Dipa Geothermal Energy System

Nur Hayati(1*), Hanik Humaida(2), Dwi Siswanta(3)

(1) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(2) Institute for Investigation and Development of Geological Disaster Technology, Jl. Cendana no. 15, Yogyakarta 55166, Indonesia
(3) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Sekip Utara, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


Silica scaling is a common problem in geothermal power generation facilities which inhibits electricity generation. In order to provide a solution to this problem, the removal of silicate ions using CPEG-TOMAC (Chitosan-polyethylene glycol–trioctyl methyl ammonium chloride) membrane adsorbent was investigated for geothermal brine from Geo Dipa Energy, Dieng. The process is dependent on contact time, pH, and the concentration of silicate. An adsorption batch study that used adsorbents for the geothermal brine of the Dieng Geo Dipa reactor 28A showed that CPEG TOMAC at pH 6 resulted in an adsorption capacity of 72.6 mg g–1. Furthermore, the adsorption of silicate ions onto the membrane followed pseudo-second-order kinetics and the Freundlich isotherm model.


silica scaling; geothermal brine; chitosan; adsorption; silicate ion

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