Metals Accumulation in Muscle Tissues and Digestive Contents of Periglypta reticulata (Kerang Geton) from Lancang Island, Jakarta

Suratno Suratno(1*), Rachma Puspitasari(2), Zahriza Purnadayanti(3), Novita Sandra(4)

(1) Research Division for Natural Product Technology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Jl. Jogja-Wonosari Km 31.5, Gading, Yogyakarta 55861, Indonesia
(2) Research Center for Oceanography, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Pasir Putih I, Ancol Timur, Jakarta 14430, Indonesia
(3) Department of Fisheries and Marine Science, Brawijaya University, Jl. Veteran, Ketawanggede, Malang 65145, Indonesia
(4) Toxicology Laboratory, Jakarta Public Health Laboratory, Jl. Rawasari Selatan No. 2, Cempaka Putih, Jakarta 10510, Indonesia
(*) Corresponding Author


The concentration of nineteen metals (Hg, As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Li, Mg, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, Se, Sr, Ti, Tl, V, and Zn) were determined in muscle tissues and digestive contents of Periglypta reticulata (Kerang Geton), collected from Lancang Island part of Seribu Islands, Jakarta. An interaction between toxic and essential metal in a clam is also studied. The results showed high concentrations of As (4.56), V (1.20), and Zn (4.91) mg/kg wet weight in muscle tissues and As (7.16), Ti (2.53), and Zn (8.68) mg/kg wet weight in digestive contents. Average concentrations of metals in muscle tissues and digestive contents were below regulation limit from permissible standard National Agency of Drug and Food Control except for Arsenic (As). The average concentration of metals in muscle tissues was significantly (P < 0.05) lower than in digestive contents except As, Co, Cr, Mg, and Tl, respectively. Toxic metals (Pb, Hg, Cd, and As) showed a strong correlation with several essential metals so that these metals can be a threat to the main function of a particular metal. The present study showed digestive contents could accumulate in higher metals; therefore, we suggested removing it before consuming this clam.


Periglypta reticulate; heavy metals; Lancang Island

Full Text:

Full Text PDF


[1] Tchounwou, P.B., Yedjou, C.G., Patlolla A.K., and Sutton, D.J., 2012, Heavy metal toxicity and environment, Exp. Suppl., 101, 133–164.

[2] WHO/FAO/IAEA, 1996, Trace elements in human nutrition and health, Word health organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

[3] Chang, L.W., Magos, L., and Suzuki, T., 1996, Toxicology of Metals, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA, 233–254.

[4] Inoue, K.I., 2013, Heavy metal toxicity, J. Clin. Toxicol., S3, 007.

[5] Ibrahim, N.K., and Abu El-Regal, M.A., 2014, Heavy metals accumulation in marine edible molluscs, Timsah Lake, Suez Canal, Egypt, ARPN J. Sci. Technol., 4 (4), 282–288.

[6] Hu, S., Su, Z., Jiang, J., Huang, W., Liang, X., Hu, J., Chen, M., Cai, W., Wang, J., and Zhang, X., 2016, Lead, cadmium pollution of seafood and human health risk assessment in coastline of the southern China, Stochastic Environ. Res. Risk Assess., 30 (5), 1379–1386.

[7] Langston, W.J., Bebianno, M.J., and Burt, G.R., 1998, “Metal handling strategic in mollusk” in Metal Metabolism in Aquatic Environments, Eds. Langston, W.J., and Bebianno, M.J., Chapman & Hall, London, 219–283.

[8] Abdallah, M.A.M., and Abdallah, A.M.A., 2008, Biomonitoring study of heavy metals in biota and sediments in South Eastern coast of Mediterranean sea, Egypt, Environ. Monit. Assess., 146, 139–145.

[9] Richard, G.P., 1988, Microbial purification of shellfish: A review of depuration and relaying, J. Food Prot., 51 (3), 218–251

[10] Shirnesan, G., Bakhtiari, A.R., Seyfabadi, S.J., and Mortazavi, S., 2013, Environmental geochemistry of Cu, Zn and Pb in sediment from Qeshm Island-Persian Gulf, Iran: A comparison between the northern and southern coast and ecological risk, Geochem. Int., 51 (8), 670–676.

[11] Dsikowitzky, L., Dwiyitno, Heruwati, E., Ariyani, F., Irianto, H.E., and Schwarzbauer, J., 2014, Exceptionally high concentrations of the insect repellent N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET) in surface waters from Jakarta, Indonesia, Environ. Chem. Lett., 12 (3), 407–411.

[12] SNI, 2006, Cara uji kimia-bagian 2: Penentuan kadar air pada produk perikanan, Badan Standardisasi Nasional-BSN, Jakarta, 1–12.

[13] USEPA, 2007, Method 3051A: Microwave assisted acid digestion of sediments, sludge, soils, and oils,

[14] Copat, C., Arena, G., Fiore, M., Ledda, C., Fallico, R., Sciacca, S., and Ferrante, M., 2013, Heavy metals concentrations in fish and shellfish from eastern Mediterranean Sea: Consumption advisories, Food Chem. Toxicol., 53, 33–37.

[15] Sivaperumal, P., Sankar, T.V., and Viswanathan Nair, P.G., 2007, Heavy metal concentrations in fish, shellfish and fish products from internal market of India vis-à-vis international standards, Food Chem., 102 (3), 612–620.

[16] Lei, B.L., Chen, L., Hao, Y., Cao, T.H., Zhang, X.Y., Yu, Y.G., and Fu, J.M., 2013, Trace elements in animal-based food from Shanghai markets and associated human daily intake and uptake estimation considering bio accessibility, Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf., 96, 160–167.

[17] Li, Y., Liu, H., Zhou, H., Ma, W., Han, Q., Diao, X., and Xue, Q., 2015, Concentration distribution and potential health risk of heavy metals in Mactra veneriformis from Bohai Bay, China, Mar. Pollut. Bull., 97 (1-2), 528–534.

[18] Peto, M.V., 2010, Aluminium and iron in humans: Bioaccumulation, pathology and removal, Rejuvenation Res., 13 (5), 589–598.

[19] Dhanakumar, S., Solaraj, G., and Mohanraj, R., 2015, Heavy metals partitioning in sediments and bioaccumulation in commercial fish species of three major reservoirs of river cauvery delta region, India, Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf., 113, 145–151.

[20] Moiseenko, T.I., and Kurdyasvtseva, L.S., 2001, Trace metal accumulation and fish pathologies in area affected by mining and metallurgical enterprises in the Kola Region, Russia, Environ. Pollut., 114 (2), 285–297.

[21] Waykar, B., and Deshmukh, G., 2012, Evaluation of bivalves as bio indicators of metal pollution in fresh water, Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 88, 48–53.

[22] Harsono, N.D.B.D., Ransangan, J., Denil, D.J., and Soon, T.K., 2017, Heavy metals in marsh clam (Polymesoda expansa) and green mussel (Perna viridis) along the northwest coast of Sabah, Malaysia, Borneo J. Mar. Sci. Aquacult., 01, 25–32

[23] Liu, J., Cao, L., and Dou, S., 2017, Bioaccumulation of heavy metals and health risk assessment in three benthic bivalves along the coast of Laizhou Bay, China, Mar. Pollut. Bull., 117 (1-2), 98–110.

[24] Wei, H., Hou, L., Cui, Y., and Wei, Y., 2018, Effect of Ti content on corrosion behavior of Cu-Ti alloys in 3.5% NaCl solution, Trans. Nonferrous Met. Soc. China, 28 (4), 669–675.

[25] Alonso, M.L., Montaña, F.P., Miranda, M., Castillo, C., Hernández, J., and Benedito, J.L., 2004, Interactions between toxic (As, Cd, Hg and Pb) and nutritional essential (Ca, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni, Se, Zn) elements in the tissues of cattle from NW Spain, BioMetals, 17, 389–397

[26] Kalogeropoulos, N., Karavoltsos, S., Sakellari, A., Avramidou, S., Dassenakis, M., and Scoullos, M., 2012, Heavy metals in raw, fried and grilled Mediterranean finfish and shellfish, Food Chem. Toxicol., 50 (10), 3702–3708.

[27] Edward, F.B., Yap, C.K., Ismail, A., and Tan, S.G., 2009, Interspecific variation of heavy metal concentrations in the different parts of tropical intertidal bivalves, Water Air Soil Pollut., 196, 297–309.

[28] Chouvelon, T., Warnau, M., Churlaud, C., and Bustamante, P., 2009, Hg concentrations and related risk assessment in coral reef crustaceans, molluscs and fish from New Caledonia, Environ. Pollut., 157 (1), 331–340.

[29] Ragi, A.S., Leena, P.P., Cheriyan, E., and Nair, S.M., 2017, Heavy metal concentrations in some gastropods and bivalves collected from the fishing zone of South India, Mar. Pollut. Bull., 118 (1-2), 452–458.

[30] Sánchez-Marín, P., and Beiras, R., 2008, Lead concentrations and size dependence of lead accumulation in the clam Dosinia exoleta from shellfish extraction areas in the Galician Rias (NW Spain), Aquat. Living Resour., 21 (1), 57–61.

[31] NADFC, 2018, Batas maksimum cemaran logam berat dalam pangan olahan, Peraturan Badan Pengawas Obat dan Makanan No. 5, Jakarta, 1–15.

[32] ANZFC, 2012, Standard 1.4.1. Contaminants and natural toxicants, Australia New Zealand Food Standards Code, 1–7, au/Details/F2011C00542/Download.

[33] CODEX ALIMENTARIUS, 2016, General standard for contaminants and toxin in food and feed, CODEX STAND 193-1995, 1–65.

[34] Dabwan, A.H.A., and Taufik, M., 2016, Bivalves as bio-indicators for heavy metals detection in Kuala Kemaman, Terengganu, Malaysia, Indian J. Sci. Technol., 9 (9), 88708.

[35] Gawade, L., Chari, N.V.H., Sarma, V.V., and Ingole, B.S., 2013, Variation in heavy metals concentration in the edible oyster Crassostrea madrasensis, clam Polymesoda erosa and grey mullet Liza aurata from coastline of India, Indian J. Sci., 2 (4), 59–63.

[36] Chuan, O.M., and Ibrahim, A., 2017, Determination of selected metallic elements in marsh clam, Polymesoda expansa, collected from Tanjung Lumpur Mangrove Forest, Kuantan, Pahang, Borneo J. Mar. Sci. Aquacult., 01, 65–70.


Article Metrics

Abstract views : 723 | views : 133

Copyright (c) 2020 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Indonesian Journal of Chemistry (ISSN 1411-9420 / 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Analytics View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.