Extraction of Hydroxyapatite from Fish Scales and Its Integration with Rice Husk for Ammonia Removal in Aquaculture Wastewater

https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.40907

Sofiah Hamzah(1*), Norhafiza Ilyana Yatim(2), Maslinda Alias(3), Asmadi Ali(4)

(1) School of Ocean Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu
(2) School of Marine and Environmental Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu
(3) School of Ocean Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu
(4) School of Marine and Environmental Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Aquaculture play an important role in providing food and generate high income in many developing countries but the abundance of ammonia discharged from aquaculture wastewater gives problem to the environment. This study focused on the extraction of hydroxyapatite (HAp) from fish scales and its modification with rice husk to produce bio-adsorbent for ammonia removal from aquaculture wastewater. Comparison has been made for the HAp preparation via microwave irradiation, alkaline heat treatment and thermal decomposition method. X-ray Diffraction (XRD) and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) were used to analyse the surface chemistry and crystallinity of HAp, respectively. While the morphology of the HAp was observed under a Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). Hydroxyapatite extracted via thermal decomposition method shows the best performance about 79% of ammonia removal at 210 min contact time which selected for coating agent of rice husk (RH/HAp) and was successfully removed 84% at 60 min saturation time. The result shows thermal decomposition is the best technique to extract HAp from fish scales and its integration with rice husk exhibited a better performance of bio-adsorbent. The findings of this study provides useful fundamental knowledge and platform for the development and improvement of aquaculture wastewater treatment system in the future.

Keywords


Hydroxyapatite; Ammonia; Aquaculture Wastewater; Rice husk; Adsorbent

Full Text:

Full Text PDF


References

Randall, D. J., & Tsui, T. K. N, 2002, Ammonia Toxicity in Fish, Marine Pollution Bulletin., 45, 17-23.

Shao, Y., Shi Y., Mohammed, A. and Liu, Y., 2017, Wastewater ammonia removal using an integrated fixed-film activated sludge-sequencing batch biofilm reactor (IFAS-SBR): Comparison of suspended flocs and attached biofilm, Int. Biodet. & Biodeg., 116, 38-47.

Liu, W., Qian, G., Zhang, B., Liu, L., & Liu, H, 2016, Facile synthesis of spherical nano hydroxyapatite and its application in photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange dye under UV irradiation, Mater. Lett., 178, 15-17.

Sukaimi, J.,Hamzah, S. , Ali,N. & Ghazali, M. S. M., 2015, S tudy on Adsorption Behavior Of Alkaline Protease On Poly (Ether Sulfone) Integrated With Fish Scale Hydroxyapatite As Self Organized In Ion Exchange Membrane, Malaysian Applied Biology,.44(3), 49-54.

Kongsri, S., Janpradit, K., Buapa, K., Techawongstien, S., and Chanthai, S., 2013, Nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite from fish scale waste: Preparation, characterization and application for selenium adsorption in aqueous solution, Chem. Eng. J., 215–216, 522–532.

Chen, J. Di, Wang, Y. J., Wei, K., Zhang, S. H., and Shi, X. T., 2007, Self-organization of hydroxyapatite nanorods through oriented attachment, Biomaterials, 28(14), 2275–2280. 51–57.

Barakat, N. A. M., Khil, M. S., Omran, A. M., Sheikh, F. A., and Kim, H. Y., 2009, Extraction of pure natural hydroxyapatite from the bovine bones bio waste by three different methods, J. Mater. Processing Technol., 209(7), 3408–3415.

Kusunoki, M., Kawakami, Y., Matsuda, T., Nishikawa, H., Hayami, T., & Hontsu, S., 2010. Fabrication of a large hydroxyapatite sheet, Apply Phys. Express., 3(10), 107003.

B. B. Nissan, A. S. Milev, D. D, 2002, Ammonia toxicity in fish. Int. Mar. Poll. Bull., 45, 17–23.

Mondal, S., Mondal, B., Dey, A., & Mukhopadhyay, S. S., 2012, Studies on processing and characterization of hydroxyapatite biomaterials from different bio wastes, J. Minerals Mater. Character. Eng., 11(1), 55-67.

Abidi, S. S. A., and Murtaza, Q., 2014, Synthesis and Characterization of Nano-hydroxyapatite Powder Using Wet Chemical Precipitation Reaction, J. Mater. Sci. Technol., 30(4), 307–310.

Li, J., Shirosaki, Y., Hayakawa, S., Stamboulis, A., and Osaka, A., 2013, Sol-Gel Preparation of HAp-Coated Silica Macrospheres from Water Glass and Their Protein Adsorption, Bioceramics, 24, 529–530.

Mobasherpour, I., Heshajin, M. S., Kazemzadeh, A., and Zakeri, M., 2007, Synthesis of nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite by using precipitation method, J. Alloys and Compd., 430(1–2).

Shavandi, A, Bekhit A. A. D, Ali, A., Sun, Zhifa. 2015, Synthesis of nanohydroxyapatite (nHA) from waste mussel shells using a rapid microwave method, Materials Chemistry and Physics. 149-150, 607-616.

Bahrololoom, M. E., Javidi, M., Javadpour, S., and Ma, J., 2009, Characterisation of natural hydroxyapatite extracted from bovine cortical bone ash, J. Ceram Process Res., 10(2), 129–138.

Gumisiriza, R., Mshandete, A. M., Rubindamayugi, M. S. T., Kansiime, F., & Kivaisi, A. K. , 2009, Nile perch fish processing waste along Lake Victoria in East Africa: Auditing and characterization, Afr. J. Environ. Sci. Technol., 3(1), 013-020

Kousalya, G. N., Gandhi, M. R., & Meenakshi, S., 2010, Removal of toxic Cr (VI) ions from aqueous solution using nano-hydroxyapatite-based chitin and chitosan hybrid composites, Adsorpt. Sci & Technol., 28(1), 49-64.

Pham, T. T. T., Nguyen, T. P., Pham, T. N., Vu, T. P., Tran, D. L., Thai, H., & Dinh, T. M.T., 2013, Impact of physical and chemical parameters on the hydroxyapatite nanopowder synthesized by chemical precipitation method, Adv. Nat. Sci.: Nanosci. Nanotech., 4(3),035014

Abdal-Hay, A., Barakat, N. A. M., and Lim, J. K., 2013, Hydroxyapatite-doped poly(lactic acid) porous film coating for enhanced bioactivity and corrosion behavior of AZ31 Mg alloy for orthopedic applications, Ceram Int., 39(1), 183–195.

Madhavi, S., Ferraris, C., & White, T. J., 2005, Synthesis and crystallization of macroporous hydroxyapatite, J. Solid State Chem.,178(9), 2838–2845.

Singh, A, 2012, Hydroxyapatite, a biomaterial: Its chemical synthesis, characterization and study of biocompatibility prepared from shell of garden snail, Helix aspersa, B Mater. Sci., 35(6), 1031-1038.

Chen, X., Kong, H., Wu, D., Wang, X., & Lin, Y., 2009, Phosphate removal and recovery through crystallization of hydroxyapatite using xonotlite as seed crystal, J. Environ Sci., 21(5), 575-580.

Venkatesan, J., & Kim, S. K., 2010, Effect of temperature on isolation and characterization of hydroxyapatite from tuna (thunnus obesus) bone, Materials, 3(10), 4761–4772.

Coelho, J. M., Moreira, J. A., Almeida, A., & Monteiro, F. J., 2010, Synthesis and characterization of HAp nanorods from a cationic surfactant template method. J. Mat. Sci. Mater. Med., 21(9), 2543–2549.

Sarig, S., & Kahana, F., 2002, Rapid formation of nanocrystalline apatite, J. Cryst Growth., 237, 55-59.

López-Ramón, V., Moreno-Castilla, C., Rivera-Utrilla, J., & Radovic, L. R., 2003, Ionic strength effects in aqueous phase adsorption of metal ions on activated carbons, Carbon, 41(10), 2020-2022..

Lin, L., Yuan, S., Chen, J., Xu, Z., & Lu, X., 2009, Removal of ammonia nitrogen in wastewater by microwave radiation, J. Hazard. Mater., 161(2-3), 1063-1068.

Huang, Y. C., Hsiao, P. C., and Chai, H. J., 2011, Hydroxyapatite extracted from fish scale: Effects on MG63 osteoblast-like cells, Ceram Int., 37(6), 1825–1831.

Al-Hashimi, M. A. I., & Al-Safar, M. M., 2013, Removal of cadmium from synthetic water by using agricultural wastes, Acta Technica Corviniensis-Bulletin of Engineering, 6(2), 131.

Mourabet, M., El Rhilassi, A., El Boujaady, H., Bennani-Ziatni, M., El Hamri, R., Taitai, A., 2012, Removal of fluoride from aqueous solution by adsorption on hydroxyapatite (HAp) using response surface methodology, J. Saudi Chem. Soc., 19 (2015) 603–615.

El Haddad, M., Mamouni, R., Saffaj, N., Lazar, S., 2012, Removal of a cationic dye –Basic Red 12– from aqueous solutions by adsorption onto animal bone meal, J. Assoc. Arab Univ. Basic Appl. Sci., 12, 48–54.

Joseph, C., 2011, The sorption of chemical and nuclear contaminants from soil and water using nanosize particles of hydroxyapatite, Master Theses: Spring 2011, pp. 81.

Sharma, Y. C., & Upadhyay, S. N., 2011, An economically viable removal of methylene blue by adsorption on activated carbon prepared from rice husk, J. Chem. Eng., 89(2), 377-383.

Panda, N. N., Pramanik, K., & Sukla, L. B., 2014, Extraction and characterization of biocompatible hydroxyapatite from fresh water fish scales for tissue engineering scaffold, Bioproc, Biosyst. Eng., 37(3), 433–40.



DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.40907

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 57 | views : 81


Copyright (c) 2019 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

 


Indonesian Journal of Chemisty (ISSN 1411-9420 / 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Web
Analytics View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.