Hydrogen Adsorption Characteristics for Zeolite-Y Templated Carbon


Rika Wijiyanti(1), Triyanda Gunawan(2), Noor Shawal Nasri(3), Zulhairun Abdul Karim(4), Ahmad Fauzi Ismail(5), Nurul Widiastuti(6*)

(1) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember
(2) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember
(3) Sustainable Waste-to-Wealth Program, Resource Sustainability Research Alliance, UTM-MPRC Institute for Oil & Gas, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Malaysia
(4) Advanced Membrane Technology Research Centre (AMTEC), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Skudai, Johor Darul Ta’zim, Malaysia; Faculty of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
(5) Advanced Membrane Technology Research Centre (AMTEC), Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Skudai, Johor Darul Ta’zim, Malaysia; Faculty of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
(6) Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember
(*) Corresponding Author


The hydrogen adsorption, kinetic and thermodynamic of adsorption onto the zeolite templated carbon (ZTC) were examined at the temperature range of 30-50 °C and ambient pressure. The ZTC was prepared from zeolite-Y template and sucrose carbon precursor by impregnation method and showed its specific surface area of 932 m2/g as well as 0.97 cm3/g for total pore volume. Analysis of physical and chemical characteristics for materials were performed using XRD, SEM, TEM and N2 isotherm. The results indicated that the ZTC has some ordered network structure of carbon and also exhibits the formation of carbon layer outside the zeolite micropore. We observed the ZTC for hydrogen adsorption both gravimetric and volumetric method up to 1.72 and 1.16 wt.% at the lowest temperature, respectively. The kinetic process at all studied temperature was best approximated by pseudo second order kinetic model. The aspects of thermodynamic such as heat of adsorption and the entropy change were -14.41 kJ/mol and -40.93 J/K mol, respectively. Both values was negative, indicating an exothermic reaction and low disorder at the hydrogen and ZTC interface, when the adsorption process took place. While, the enthalpy change value exhibits characteristic of physical process. The Gibbs energy change calculated at 30, 40 and 50 °C were -1.99, -1.59 and
-1.19 kJ/mol, respectively, indicating a spontaneous adsorption process.


zeolite-Y templated carbon; hydrogen adsorption; adsorption kinetics; thermodynamics

Full Text:

Full Text PDF


[1] Xia, Y., Yang, Z., and Zhu, Y., 2013, Porous carbon-based materials for hydrogen storage: Advancement and challenges, J. Mater. Chem. A, 1 (33), 9365–9381.

[2] Hydrogen Storage Technical Team, 2017, Hydrogen Storage Technical Team Roadmap, United States Department of Energy.

[3] Krishna, R., Titus, E., Salimian, M., Okhay, O., Rajendran, S., Rajkumar, A., Sousa, J.M.G., Ferreira, A.L.C., Gil, J.C., and Gracio, J., 2012, “Hydrogen Storage for Energy Application” in Hydrogen Storage, Eds., Liu, J., IntechOpen, London, 243–266.

[4] Tedds, S., Walton, A., Broom, D.P., and Book, D., 2011, Characterisation of porous hydrogen storage materials: Carbons, zeolites, MOFs and PIMs, Faraday Discuss., 151, 75–94.

[5] Nijkamp, M.G., Raaymakers, J.E.M.J., van Dillen, A.J., and de Jong, K.P., 2001, Hydrogen storage using physisorption–materials demands, Appl. Phys. A, 72 (5), 619–623.

[6] Zubizarreta, L., Arenillas, A., and Pis, J.J., 2009, Carbon materials for H2 storage, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 34 (10), 4575–4581.

[7] Konwar, R.J., and De, M., 2013, Effects of synthesis parameters on zeolite templated carbon for hydrogen storage application, Microporous Mesoporous Mater., 175, 16–24.

[8] Darkrim, F.L., Malbrunot, P., and Tartaglia, G.P., 2002, Review of hydrogen storage by adsorption in carbon nanotubes, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 27 (2), 193–202.

[9] Armandi, M., Bonelli, B., Areán, C.O., and Garrone, E., 2008, Role of microporosity in hydrogen adsorption on templated nanoporous carbons, Microporous Mesoporous Mater., 112 (1-3), 411–418.

[10] Dong, J., Wang, X., Xu, H., Zhao, Q., and Li, J., 2007, Hydrogen storage in several microporous zeolites, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 32 (18), 4998–5004.

[11] Chen, L., Singh, R.K., and Webley, P., 2007, Synthesis, characterization and hydrogen storage properties of microporous carbons templated by cation exchanged forms of zeolite Y with propylene and butylene as carbon precursors, Microporous Mesoporous Mater., 102 (1–3), 159–170.

[12] Yang, Z., Xia, Y., and Mokaya, R., 2007, Enhanced hydrogen storage capacity of high surface area zeolite-like carbon materials, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 129 (6), 1673–1679.

[13] Guan, C., Wang, K., Yang, C., and Zhao, X.S., 2009, Characterization of a zeolite-templated carbon for H2 storage application, Microporous Mesoporous Mater., 118 (1-3), 503–507.

[14] Song, X.H., Xu, R., and Wang, K., 2013, The structural development of zeolite-templated carbon under pyrolysis, J. Anal. Appl. Pyrolysis, 100, 153–157.

[15] Kyotani, T., Ma, Z., and Tomita, A., 2003, Template synthesis of novel porous carbons using various types of zeolites, Carbon, 41 (7), 1451–1459.

[16] Böhme, K., Einicke, W., and Klepel, O., 2005, Templated synthesis of mesoporous carbon from sucrose–the way from the silica pore filling to the carbon material, Carbon, 43 (9), 1918–1925.

[17] Yang, Z., Xia, Y., Sun, X., and Mokaya, R., 2006, Preparation and hydrogen storage properties of zeolite-templated carbon materials nanocast via chemical vapor deposition: Effect of the zeolite template and nitrogen doping, J. Phys. Chem. B, 110 (37), 18424–18431.

[18] Johnson, S.A., Brigham, E.S., Ollivier, P.J., and Mallouk, T.E., 1997, Effect of micropore topology on the structure and properties of zeolite polymer replicas, Chem. Mater., 9 (11), 2448–2458.

[19] Cai, J., Yang, M., Xing, Y., and Zhao, X., 2014, Large surface area sucrose-based carbons via template-assisted routes : Preparation, microstructure, and hydrogen adsorption properties, Colloids Surf., A, 444, 240–245.

[20] Nishihara, H., Hou, P.X., Li, L.X., Ito, M., Uchiyama, M., Kaburagi, T., Ikura, A., Katamura, J., Kawarada, T., Mizuuchi, K., and Kyotani, T., 2009, High-pressure hydrogen storage in zeolite-templated carbon, J. Phys. Chem. C, 113 (8), 3189–3196.

[21] Hirscher, M., and Becher, M., 2003, Hydrogen storage in carbon nanotubes, J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol., 3 (1-2), 3–17.

[22] Zamora, B., Al-Hajjaj, A.A., Shah, A.A., Bavykin, D.V., and Reguera, E., 2013, Kinetic and thermodynamic studies of hydrogen adsorption on titanate nanotubes decorated with a Prussian blue analogue, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 38 (15), 6406–6416.

[23] Bhatia, S.K., and Myers, A.L., 2006, Optimum conditions for adsorptive storage, Langmuir, 22 (4), 1688–1700.

[24] Synthesis Commission of the International Zeolite Association, 2016, Verified Syntheses of Zeolitic Materials, Eds., Mintova, S., International Zeolite Association.

[25] Luo, J., Liu, Y., Jiang, C., Chu, W., Jie, W., and Xie, H., 2011, Experimental and modeling study of methane adsorption on activated carbon derived from anthracite, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 56 (12), 4919–4926.

[26] Khalili, S., Ghoreyshi, A.A., and Jahanshahi, M., 2012, Carbon dioxide captured by multi-walled carbon nanotube and activated charcoal: A comparative study, Chem. Ind. Chem. Eng. Q., 19 (1), 153–164.

[27] Widiastuti, N., Wu, H., Ang, H.M., and Zhang, D., 2011, Removal of ammonium from greywater using natural zeolite, Desalination, 277 (1-3), 15–23.

[28] Su, F., Zhao, X.S., Lv, L., and Zhou, Z., 2004, Synthesis and characterization of microporous carbons templated by ammonium-form zeolite Y, Carbon, 42 (14), 2821–2831.

[29] Konwar, R.J., and De, M., 2015, Development of templated carbon by carbonisation of sucrose-zeolite composite for hydrogen storage, Int. J. Energy Res., 39 (2), 223–233.

[30] Nishihara, H., and Kyotani, T., 2012, “Zeolite-Templated Carbon – Its Unique Characteristics and Applications” in Novel Carbon Adsorbents, Eds., Tascón, J.M.D., Elsevier Ltd, Amsterdam, 295–322.

[31] Greer, H.F., and Zhou, W., 2011, Electron diffraction and HRTEM imaging of beam-sensitive materials, Crystallogr. Rev., 17 (3), 163–185.

[32] Choi, S., Kim, H., Lee, S., Wang, Y., Ercan, C., Othman, R., and Choi, M., 2015, Large-scale synthesis of high-quality zeolite-templated carbons without depositing external carbon layers, Chem. Eng. J., 280, 597–605.

[33] Ma, Z., Kyotani, T., and Tomita, A., 2002, Synthesis methods for preparing microporous carbons with a structural regularity of zeolite Y, Carbon, 40 (13), 2367–2374.

[34] Cai, J., Li, L., Lv, X., Yang, C., and Zhao, X., 2014, Large surface area ordered porous carbons via nanocasting zeolite 10x and high performance for hydrogen storage application, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, 6 (1), 167–175.

[35] Saha, D., Wei, Z., and Deng, S., 2008, Equilibrium, kinetics and enthalpy of hydrogen adsorption in MOF-177, Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 33 (24), 7479–7488.

[36] Jin, H., Lee, Y.S., and Hong, I., 2007, Hydrogen adsorption characteristics of activated carbon, Catal. Today, 120 (3-4), 399–406.

[37] Bonenfant, D., Kharoune, M., Niquette, P., Mimeault, M., and Hausler, R., 2008, Advances in principal factors influencing carbon dioxide adsorption on zeolites, Sci. Technol. Adv. Mater., 9 (1), 013007.

[38] Delavar, M., Asghar Ghoreyshi, A., Jahanshahi, M., Khalili, S., and Nabian, N., 2012, Equilibria and kinetics of natural gas adsorption on multi-walled carbon nanotube material, RSC Adv., 2 (10), 4490–4497.

[39] Ho, Y.S., and McKay, G., 1999, Pseudo-second order model for sorption processes, Process Biochem., 34 (5), 451–465.

[40] Rodrigues, L.A., and da Silva, M.L.C.P., 2010, Thermodynamic and kinetic investigations of phosphate adsorption onto hydrous niobium oxide prepared by homogeneous solution method, Desalination, 263 (1-3), 29–35.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/ijc.38978

Article Metrics

Abstract views : 212 | views : 179

Copyright (c) 2019 Indonesian Journal of Chemistry

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Indonesian Journal of Chemisty (ISSN 1411-9420 / 2460-1578) - Chemistry Department, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia.

Analytics View The Statistics of Indones. J. Chem.